Cov e-luam yeeb puas muaj kev nyab xeeb los txiav luam yeeb?


Cov e-luam yeeb puas muaj kev nyab xeeb los txiav luam yeeb?

Tsis zoo li cov luam yeeb, uas hlawv luam yeeb thiab tsim cov dej cawv ntawm cov tshuaj muaj kuab lom, e-luam yeeb ua haujlwm los ntawm kev ua kom muaj cua sov ua kua muaj kua. Qhov no txhais tau tias cov neeg siv tsis cuam tshuam nrog cov pa roj carbon monoxide lossis roj av, ob ntawm cov phom sij uas tuag ntau tshaj plaws ntawm cov pa luam yeeb. Cov cuab yeej siv tau them raws li txoj kev nyob nyab xeeb rau cov neeg haus luam yeeb los tswj lawv txoj kev ntshaw mus.

Txawm li cas los xij, muaj kev ntxhov siab ntau nyob rau hauv huab cua txog seb kev tshaj tawm kev lag luam yog qhov tseeb. Ntau cov xov xwm xov xwm ntawm cov ntawv zoo li tsim los txhawb kev tsis ntseeg, thaum lub tuam txhab e-luam yeeb JUUL tau raug ntau nrog cov ntawv foob ntau dhau los. Raws li ib tus neeg thov, vaping sab laug nws tus tub hluas “ntau ntxiv rau cov nicotine … ntxhov siab, muaj kev npau taws thiab nquag npau taws”.

Tej zaum raws li qhov tshwm sim, pej xeem lub tswv yim tseem sib cais qis nruab nrab. Hauv ASH cov kev tshawb fawb, tsuas yog 13% ntawm cov neeg teb hais tias lawv xav tias vaping yog qhov muaj teeb meem tsawg dua li kev haus luam yeeb, thaum 26% xav tias nws tsis zoo ib yam lossis muaj ntau dua.

Sab laj rau ntawv txiav kev haus luam yeeb

Xav txiav luam yeeb? Niaj hnub no, teem ib txoj kev haus luam yeeb nrog koj tus kws muag tshuaj hauv zej zog.

Phau ntawv tam sim no

Lawv raug 95% tsawg dua kev haus luam yeeb

Nws tuaj yeem ua qhov tsis txaus ntseeg, thaum ntawd, tias cov pov thawj hauv nws txoj kev pom zoo tsuas yog txiav-meej. Raws li Dr Sarah Jarvis, tus thawj coj ntawm chaw kho mob Patient.info piav qhia, cov cuab yeej no tsis muaj kev phom sij kiag li. Txawm li cas los xij, lawv tsuas yog muaj ib feem me me ntawm kev phom sij ntawm kev haus luam yeeb.

Nws hais tias “Cov kua thiab vapor muaj qee yam khes mis muaj feem cuam tshuam kuj muaj nyob hauv cov pa luam yeeb, tab sis nyob rau ntau qib qis,” nws hais. “Raws li kev ntsuam xyuas los ntawm cov neeg muaj pov thawj zoo nyob thoob ntiaj teb, Cov Tib Neeg Noj Qab Haus Huv Hauv Tebchaws Askiv thiab Royal College ntawm Cov Kws Lij Choj tau kwv yees tias lawv muaj tsawg kawg 95% tsawg dua kev phom sij. Luam yeeb Qhov tshwm sim yuav tshwm sim. Txawm li cas los xij, nws yog qhov tseeb hais tias rau cov neeg haus luam yeeb, hloov mus rau hauv e-luam yeeb yog qhov kev nyab xeeb tshaj qhov haus luam yeeb mus ntxiv. “

Tus xibfwb Ann McNeill, tus xibfwb ntawm kev quav yeeb tshuaj ntawm Kings College London thiab tus kws tshaj lij txog kev haus luam yeeb, hais tias nws txaus siab rau kev haus luam yeeb e-luam yeeb yog txoj hauv kev rau kev txiav luam yeeb.

“Qhov kuv saib xyuas yog kev noj qab haus huv, thiab hauv kuv txoj kev xav hais tias peb yuav tsum hais rau cov neeg haus luam yeeb yog kom txiav luam yeeb sai li sai tau,” nws hais. “Yog tias yuav ua li koj xav tau lossis xav txuas ntxiv siv nicotine, tus ntawd tsis ua li cas rau kuv.”

Raws li nws tau piav qhia, kev txhawj xeeb txog kev noj qab haus huv cuam tshuam nrog vaping yog qhov tseeb ntawm qhov kev phom sij ntawm kev haus luam yeeb, uas nws hu ua ‘tus kabmob tsis txaus ntshai’.

Nws hais tias “Kuv yuav txhawb ib tus neeg haus luam yeeb uas tsis tau sim cov khoom no sim lawv li kev txiav luam yeeb,” nws hais. “Qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws yog kom txiav kev haus luam yeeb kom sai li sai tau. Koj tsis xav siv cov luam yeeb e-luam yeeb thiab haus luam yeeb – koj xav kom txav deb ntawm kev haus luam yeeb kom sai li sai tau, thiab yog tias koj xav tau nqa mus ntxiv siv cov luam yeeb hauv e-luam yeeb rau ib ntus tom qab koj tau txiav luam yeeb.


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Vim li cas qhov kev sib cav?

Yog li vim li cas cov e-luam yeeb yog li feem ntau hais tias qhov txaus ntshai, yog tias lawv yog ib qho txiaj ntsig zoo li no? Xib fwb McNeill xav tias nws nqis los rau peb yam: ib qho tseem ceeb thoob plaws hauv kev taw qhia hauv lub teb chaws ntawm kev txiav txim siab tsis pub tawm los ntawm nicotine; tsis sib ntseeg ntawm cov tuam txhab ua luam yeeb e-luam yeeb; thiab tsis paub tseeb txog kev tiv thaiv kev noj qab haus huv mus sij hawm ntev.

Hais txog thawj qhov no, qhov no siv sib npaug rau lwm cov cuab yeej txiav luam yeeb (piv txwv li, thaj ua rau thaj thiab cov ntsiav tshuaj). Arguably, qhov kev txhawj xeeb yog misguided – txawm hais tias nicotine muaj qee qhov kev phom sij, nws muaj kev phom sij tsis zoo tshaj li kev haus luam yeeb. Ib txoj kev tshawb fawb loj tau qhia tias kev hloov tshuaj nicotine ua rau kom qhov kev txiav luam yeeb nce siab li 50-70%. Thiab cov kev qhia tshiab tshaj plaws txog kev haus luam yeeb los ntawm National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) tau sib txawv los ntawm lawv cov kev taw qhia yav dhau los ntawm ‘Kev txiav luam yeeb’. Txoj Cai Kev Haus Luam Yeeb: txo qis raug mob, nws muaj kev qhia rau cov neeg uas tej zaum yuav xav txiav kev haus luam yeeb, tsis tas yuav muab cov nicotine ‘, ntxiv rau cov neeg uas xav txiav luam yeeb kiag li.

Qhov kev txhawj xeeb thib ob yog qhov tsis sib xws ntawm cov tuam txhab luam yeeb loj tau hloov mus rau e-luam yeeb ntau lawm.

“Ib ntus, nws yog kev lag luam rau tsev me ywj pheej uas tau txhim kho cov khoom lag luam no, tab sis tam sim no kev lag luam luam yeeb tau hloov mus rau hauv daim teb no,” nws hais. “Qhov ntawd txhawj xeeb rau cov neeg uas ib txwm pom kev lag luam luam yeeb ua yeeb ncuab – nws yuav ua li cas thiaj yog ib feem ntawm txoj kev daws teeb meem? Kuv xav pom cov e-luam yeeb uas tsim los ntawm nws tus kheej, tab sis nws zoo dua rau qee leej uas siv ib qho ntawm cov khoom dua li haus luam yeeb , leej twg ua nws. “

Raws li rau lub sijhawm ntev ua rau muaj kev noj qab haus huv – zoo, muaj pov thawj tsuas yog ntau qhov peb tau hais txog cov khoom lag luam thawj zaug xyoo 2004. Txawm li cas los xij, peb muaj cov ntaub ntawv ntau ntxiv txog lawv cov kev pheej hmoo ntau dua li ntau tus neeg paub.

“Muaj kev pom zoo dav thoob thoob hauv UK cov koom haum saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv thiab kev noj qab haus huv rau pej xeem, suav nrog RCGP, BMA thiab Cancer Research UK, tias e-luam yeeb muaj teeb meem tsawg dua li luam yeeb. “cov ntsiab lus tawm Jarvis.

Siv lawv los txiav luam yeeb

Qee tus neeg kuj tau ua qhov kev sib cav hais tias e-luam yeeb yog ib hom ntawm lub rooj vag tshuaj. Raws li kev sib cav mus, cov tub ntxhais hluas yuav sim vaping thiab thaum kawg tsiv mus rau kev haus luam yeeb. Hais txog saum no, muaj kev txhawj xeeb feem ntau hais txog kev siv cov luam yeeb hauv e-luam yeeb ntawm cov hluas. (Nicotine tsis ua rau tsis zoo rau cov hluas.)

Hauv Teb Chaws Asmeskas, ntau lub backlash tiv thaiv vaping tau rau qhov tseeb vim qhov no. Kev siv e-luam yeeb tau nce txog 900% ntawm US cov tub ntxhais kawm theem siab nyob nruab nrab ntawm 2011 thiab 2015, nrog ntau dua 2 lab tus tub ntxhais hluas tau sim e-luam yeeb los ntawm xyoo 2016 nyob rau xyoo 2016, FDA pib siv cov cai txog kev muag thiab muag khoom ntawm cov khoom no, nrog saib rau coj qhov teeb meem no tswj. Piv txwv li, lawv tsis tuaj yeem yuav yuav tom qab-18s.

Hauv tebchaws Askiv, kev siv ntawm cov hluas muaj ntau yam tsawg. Hauv xyoo 2016, tsawg dua 1% ntawm cov menyuam uas tsis tau haus luam yeeb ib txwm siv e-luam yeeb.

Jarvis hais tias “Txog tam sim no, cov pov thawj tau qhia rau peb tias kev siv cov luam yeeb e-luam yeeb los ntawm cov tub ntxhais hluas hauv tebchaws Askiv yog qhov tsis tshua muaj thiab feem ntau yuav luag tag nrho ntawm cov neeg uas twb haus luam yeeb lawm.

Txawm li cas los xij, nws pom zoo nrog McNeill, uas xav tias peb xav tau kev tshawb fawb ntau ntxiv nyob ib puag ncig kev lag luam thiab kev cai ntawm cov khoom no.

“Qhov kev sib tw loj tshaj plaws yog qhov koj ua kom sib npaug kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev nyiam cov neeg hluas mus rau cov khoom lag luam, thaum txhawb cov neeg haus luam yeeb sim lawv,” McNeill hais. “Tau txais qhov kev sib npaug ntawd yog qhov nyuaj. Tam sim no ua tau zoo nyob rau hauv Askiv – peb zoo li tsis pom kev nthuav dav ntawm cov khoom lag luam tab sis peb pom cov neeg haus luam yeeb siv lawv kom nres.”

Raws li Jarvis piav qhia, ntau tus neeg haus luam yeeb pom tias nws nyuaj rau txiav luam yeeb siv lub hwj chim ib leeg, lub ntsiab lus e-luam yeeb (lossis lwm yam khoom siv los hloov cov nicotine) nrog cov kws tshaj lij tuaj yeem ua qhov sib txawv.

“Xyoo no, Stoptober tau tsim kho online online Qeb Phiaj Dawb uas pab cov neeg haus luam yeeb nrhiav kev sib txuas ntawm kev txiav luam yeeb uas tsim nyog rau lawv raws lawv qib kev haus luam yeeb thiab cov kev pab txiav luam yeeb tau siv yav tas los,” nws hais. “Yog tias koj yog ib tus neeg haus luam yeeb, tawm yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws uas koj tuaj yeem ua rau koj txoj kev noj qab haus huv thiab koj tsis tas yuav mus nws ib leeg. Kuv xav txhawb tag nrho cov neeg haus luam yeeb tshawb ‘Stoptober’ thiab siv Tus Kheej Tso Tawm Haujlwm kom nrhiav kev pab qhov ntawd yog rau lawv. “

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