Kuaj ntshav puas tuaj yeem kuaj pom kab mob ntsws thaum ntxov?


Kuaj ntshav puas tuaj yeem kuaj pom kab mob ntsws thaum ntxov?

Txoj kev tshawb nrhiav, nthuav tawm ntawm Lub Koom Haum International rau Kev Kawm Txuj Ci Mob Qog Ntshav (IASLC) 2019 Lub Ntiaj Teb Kev Sib Tham, tau qhia tias kev siv ntshav kuaj ntshav nrog rau kev ntsuas ntsuas CT tam sim no tuaj yeem nrhiav cov uas muaj kev pheej hmoo mob ntsws ntsws. Qhov no tuaj yeem txo cov neeg mob txoj kev kuaj mob lig thiab txuag tau txoj sia.

Mob ntsws ntsws yog tus mob cancer thib 3 hauv tebchaws Askiv, kwv yees li 47,200 tus neeg mob txhua xyoo. Nyob ib puag ncig peb lub hlis ntawm cov mob tau kuaj pom ntawm qhov theem lig thaum nws tseem nyuaj tshaj los kho. Xws li, nws yog qhov ua rau muaj kev tuag los ntawm mob cancer, tsuas yog 32% muaj sia nyob mob ntsws rau ib xyoos lossis ntev dua tom qab kuaj tau. Kev haus luam yeeb yog qhov txaus ntshai tshaj plaws rau kev mob qog noj ntshav.

Tam sim no, yog tias tus kws kho mob xav tias tus neeg mob yuav mob qog nqaij hlav ntsws, tus neeg mob feem ntau yuav muab duab xoo hluav taws xob tom qab ntawm CT scan thiab lwm yam kev kuaj kom paub txog theem thiab hom mob qog nqaij hlav.

Cov kev tshawb fawb los ntawm University of St Andrews koom nrog siv Kev Ntsuas Ntsuas Kev Ntsuas Thaum Ntxov (EarlyCDT-Lung Test), ib qho kev tiv thaiv kab mob kuaj ntshav uas tuaj yeem siv los kuaj mob qog ntshav siab thaum ntxov. Nws kuaj pom cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob ua los ntawm lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob tiv thaiv kab mob hauv hlwb.

Hauv kev sim ntawm 12,208 cov neeg mob pheej hmoo nyob hauv Scotland, cov neeg uas tau mus kuaj ntshav tau txheeb xyuas thaum ntxov tshaj li pawg neeg tau txais kev saib xyuas tus qauv.

Yog tias cov neeg mob kuaj pom tias cov kab mob ntsws zoo tiv thaiv ntsws tom qab kuaj ntshav, lawv tau muab duab xoo hluav taws xob hauv siab thiab xoo hluav taws xob tsom. Yog tias kuaj thawj zaug CT tsis pom tias pom muaj kab mob ntsws, cov neeg mob tau kuaj txhua txhua rau lub hlis nyob rau ob xyoos tom ntej.

Hauv ob lub xyoos ntawm txoj kev tshawb no, 127 kab mob ntsws tau kuaj pom, 56 nyob hauv pawg kuaj ntshav thiab 71 hauv pawg tswj hwm. Qhov tseem ceeb, tsuas yog 33 ntawm cov nyob hauv pawg kuaj ntshav tau kuaj pom ntawm ib theem lig piv rau 52 hauv pawg tswj hwm.

Txawm hais tias txoj kev tshawb fawb no tsis yog tsim los saib cov neeg tuag los ntawm kev mob ntsws, los ntawm cov kws tshawb nrhiav pom “txoj kev tsis tseem ceeb qhia tias muaj kev tuag tsawg dua hauv kev tiv thaiv caj npab piv rau kev tswj hwm”.

“Peb cov txiaj ntsig qhia tau hais tias qhov sib xyaw ua ke ntawm EarlyCDT-Lub ntsws ua raws li los ntawm CT kev cuam tshuam rau cov neeg uas muaj kev kuaj ntshav, ua rau muaj kev cuam tshuam tseem ceeb hauv kev kuaj mob tom kawg ntawm kev mob ntsws thiab tej zaum yuav txo qis txhua yam thiab ua rau mob ntsws tshwj xeeb txog kev tuag,” Professor Frank Sullivan, tus thawj coj ntawm kev kawm los ntawm University of St Andrews. Pab pawg npaj yuav txuas ntxiv nws cov kev tshawb fawb thiab ua raws li txhua tus neeg koom hauv cov mob ntsws thiab lub neej ua tau tshwm sim.

Cov kab lus no tsis tau muab kev tshuaj xyuas los ntawm tus kws kho mob tab sis nws tseem tau tshawb xyuas qhov tseeb thiab raug rau Tus Neeg Mob cov ntaub ntawv kho mob nruj heev. Yog koj muaj lus nug lossis xav nug thov xa lus rau pab neeg uas siv cov khoom sib txuas hauv qab no.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *