Peb tuaj yeem ntseeg BMI kab kos rau menyuam?


Peb tuaj yeem ntseeg BMI kab kos rau menyuam?

Cov nuj nqis no tshwm sim los ntawm National ntsuas ntsuas me nyuam (NCMP), uas yog ntsuas seb cov me nyuam yuav loj hlob li cas. Cov menyuam yaus raug ntsuas hauv lawv lub xyoo txais tos (hnub nyoog 4-5 xyoos) thiab dua hauv xyoo 6 (hnub nyoog 10-11 xyoo). Cov kws kho mob sau lawv qhov siab thiab qhov hnyav, nrog rau lub hnub nyoog thiab poj niam txiv neej, los txiav txim siab lawv lub cev qhov ntsuas, lossis BMI.

BMI yog qhov ncaj ncaj thiab yooj yim los ntawm kev ntsuas tus neeg qhov hnyav kom txiav txim siab seb lawv puas nyob hauv qhov muaj kev noj qab haus huv. Nws tau suav los ntawm kev faib rau ib tus neeg lub cev qhov hnyav hauv kilo los ntawm lawv qhov siab squared.

Dab tsi yog cov zauv?

Rau cov neeg laus, daim duab nruab nrab ntawm 18.5 thiab 24.9 yog suav tias yog lub cev hnyav. Rau cov menyuam yaus, lawv qhov BMI raug qhia ua lub xees thiab piv qhov lawv muaj nuj nqis rau lwm cov menyuam yaus uas koom nrog NCMP.

Cov menyuam yaus suav tias yog qhov hnyav dua yog tias lawv poob rau ntawm thib ob lossis qis dua, qhov hnyav dua yog tias lawv poob ntawm qhov thib ob thiab 91st feem pua, thiab rog dhau yog tias lawv nyob ntawm 91st ib pliag lossis siab dua. Cov me nyuam nyob rau ntawm 98th kaum tawm lossis sab saud yog suav tias yog thawj rog dhau heev.

Qhov no txhais tau li cas yog tias, piv txwv li, yog tias koj tus menyuam poob rau ntawm 57th centile, lawv hnyav dua li 57 tawm ntawm 100 tus menyuam ntawm tib lub hnub nyoog thiab poj niam txiv neej, thiab tias lawv yog lub cev noj qab haus huv.

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Qhov kev txwv ntawm BMI

Tab sis BMI tsis yog nws tsis muaj nws cov kev txwv. Dr Sally Norton uas yog tus kws pab tswv yim txog NHS ua kom yuag dhau, “hais tias nws yog qhov kev ntsuas tsim nyog – tab sis tsis muaj tseeb. “Thiab cov menyuam yaus ib txwm muaj lub cev sib txawv rau cov neeg laus, yog li kev ntsuas BMI kev ntsuas tuaj yeem yog qhov tsis raug thiab yuav tsum tau hloov kho hnub nyoog raws li qhov tsim nyog.”

“BMI tuaj yeem muab cov kev ntsuas tsis raug ntawm cov rog lub cev, tshwj xeeb yog hauv cov menyuam yaus,” rau ntau yam laj thawj, “ntxiv rau Mohammed Hudda, Tus Kws Tshawb Fawb hauv Epidemiology thiab Medical Statistics ntawm St George’s, University of London. “Ua ntej, vim nws ua raws li qhov hnyav, nws tsis cais kev sib cais ntawm ob feem ntawm qhov hnyav: rog thiab rog lub cev, uas tuaj yeem sib txawv ntawm cov tib neeg uas muaj tib lub cev BMI.

“Qhov thib ob, qhov kev suav no tuaj yeem ua rau cov menyuam yaus siab dua qub muaj qhov kabmob BMI siab dua,” cov kws tshawb fawb uas tshawb pom los ntawm Lub Plawv Dhia Nyiaj Hauv Lub Plawv

Ib qho ntxiv, kev tshawb fawb qhia BMI tsis yog qhov kev ntsuas zoo ntawm lub cev muaj roj hauv cov menyuam yaus ntawm ntau haiv neeg sib txawv, dhau kev ua txhaum rau cov menyuam ntawm cov neeg Asmeskas dub, thiab tsis txaus siab rau nws hauv menyuam yaus ntawm South Asian keeb kwm, piv rau lawv cov neeg dawb.

Hudda txoj kev tshawb fawb tau hais txog kev nrhiav qhov zoo dua ntawm kev siv qhov hnyav thiab qhov siab uas yog qhov kev ntsuas ntawm lub cev rog hauv menyuam yaus. Thaum pib, nws lub hom phiaj txhawm rau txhim kho kev txheeb xyuas cov roj ntsha hauv lub cev ntawm cov menyuam yaus ntawm txawv haiv neeg los ntawm kev kho BMI hloov kho hauv cov menyuam no piv rau cov neeg European dawb.

“Txawm li cas los xij, txoj kev no tsis cuam tshuam txog lwm qhov kev txwv ntawm BMI,” Hudda hais. “Peb qhov kev tshawb fawb tam sim no tshaj tawm hais txog lwm txoj hauv kev rau kev ntsuas cov roj hauv cov menyuam hauv tebchaws Askiv hnub nyoog 4-15, raws li kev ntsuas qhov siab thiab qhov hnyav.”

Hudda pab pawg muab los ntawm kev sib npaug uas siv qhov siab, qhov hnyav, pojniam txivneej, hnub nyoog thiab haiv neeg (yog tias muaj) los kwv yees cov rog pawg, uas tuaj yeem txiav los ntawm qhov hnyav los kwv yees cov rog rog; kuaj pom tias nws kwv yees qib roj seb puas yog.

Hudda hais tias “Txoj kev ua no tuaj yeem txhim kho qhov tseeb ntawm kev ntsuam xyuas kev rog lub cev hauv cov menyuam yaus, piv nrog cov muab los ntawm BMI, kom muaj kev soj ntsuam zoo dua, tiv thaiv thiab tswj cov rog thaum menyuam yaus,” hais tias Hudda.

Yuav ua li cas lwm txoj kev ntsuas nce

Thaum ntsuas tus laus lub cev BMI, lawv lub duav ncig yuav raug suav nrog vim tias nws yog qhov zoo ntawm kev kuaj xyuas tus neeg tsis nqa roj ntau nyob ib ncig ntawm lawv lub plab (qhov no hu ua ‘lub plab plab rog’ yog qhov muaj kev phom sij heev rau koj noj qab haus huv dua lwm hom rog rog). Tab sis qhov kev ntsuas no tsis niaj hnub coj los ntsuas rau menyuam yaus vim nws tsis xav txog tus menyuam qhov siab. Txawm li cas los xij, nws yog ib qho kev ntsuas uas nws txawv nrog kev rog thiab tuaj yeem taw tes rau kev pheej hmoo mob hlab ntsha hauv menyuam yaus.

Cov kws tshawb nrhiav los ntawm University of Wolverhampton tau sim txoj kev ntsuas qhov ntsuas tshiab uas ua ke nrog qhov siab, qhov hnyav thiab lub duav thoob kom muab qhov ntsuas yooj yim, muaj txiaj ntsig thiab muaj feem cuam tshuam txog feem pua ​​ntawm lub cev rog.

“BMI tau siv yav dhau los los ntsuas cov txheej xwm yuag, txawm hais tias nws saib tsis tau cov kabmob ua rog”, “cov kws tshawb fawb thiab cov kws tshaj lij biostatistics xibfwb Alan Nevill.

“Ib qho txav mus los ntsuas kev ntsuas ntawm lub duav mus rau BMI yog cov laj thawj, raws li kev ntsuas ntawm nruab nrab kev rog yog qhov yuav ua rau muaj peev xwm ntxiv thiab rhiab ntawm BMI hauv kev kuaj xyuas kab mob plawv thiab kab mob plawv.”

Nevill, uas yog xibfwb ntawm Kev Ua Si Ncaws Pob ntawm Tsev Kawm, thiab nws cov npoj yaig tau soj ntsuam ze li 6,000 menyuam yaus nrog lawv qhov kev xav tau thiab luam tawm lawv qhov kev tshawb pom hauv Kev pham ob tog. Kev ua haujlwm tam sim no tseem tab tom tshawb pom seb nws puas zoo ib yam li neeg laus.

BMI yog cov khoom siv dav dav los kwv yees qhov hnyav uas tus menyuam nqa nrog piv rau lawv qhov siab; rau feem ntau ntawm cov menyuam nws ua haujlwm tau zoo thiab pub koj tus menyuam qhov siab thiab qhov loj mus rau hauv BMI centile chart, piv nrog lwm tus ntawm lawv lub hnub nyoog thiab kev sib deev, yuav muab lub tswv yim tsis meej txog seb lawv puas muaj lub cev hnyav.

Yog tias koj txhawj xeeb txog koj tus menyuam qhov hnyav, mus ncig rau GP yuav pab txiav txim qhov yuav ua dab tsi tsim nyog.

Norton kuj tseem muaj cov lus qhia no: “Koj tsis xav ua qhov teeb meem ntawm nws. Hloov chaw, saib nws yog lub sijhawm zoo los txhim kho tag nrho tsev neeg lub neej thiab kev coj ua piv txwv. Txiav rov qab qab qab zib; haus dej ntawm txhua pluas mov thiab zam Xaiv cov khoom noj muaj txiaj ntsig zoo rau cov zaub mov tsis zoo noj; txiav noj khoom txom ncauj thiab ua kom tsev neeg muaj feem hauv koj lub neej yog txhua txoj kev zoo los pib. Thiab tsis txhob saib tus nqi rau kev pw tsaug zog zoo – nws muaj kev cuam tshuam loj rau kev noj qab haus huv thiab hnyav . Txwv cov khoom siv hluav taws xob (xov tooj, khoos phis tawm thiab ntsiav tshuaj) tsawg kawg ob xuaj moos ua ntej pw, kom lawv tawm ntawm chav pw thiab ua kom cov me nyuam tau pw tsaug zog zoo. “

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