Cov cawv teeb me me puas muaj cov txiaj ntsim kev noj qab haus huv?


Cov cawv teeb me me puas muaj cov txiaj ntsim kev noj qab haus huv?

Yog npias puas zoo rau kev noj qab haus huv?

Npias feem ntau tau txais qhov ua tsis zoo rau lub plawv-mob ua tsaug rau nws cov calories thiab qab zib ntsiab lus. Qhov no ua rau koj muaj kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev rog, tshwj xeeb yog kev rog plab, uas nyeg yog qhov kev pheej hmoo rau cov roj (cholesterol). Tab sis zaj dab neeg tsis tau hais meej-txiav raws li nws zoo li thawj zaug, npias kuj tseem tuaj yeem muab qee cov txiaj ntsig hauv lub siab.

Ib qho laj thawj yog tias cov barley, malt thiab hops siv los npias npias muaj cov polyphenols – cog cov nroj tsuag uas tau cuam tshuam txog kev txo qis cov roj cholesterol thiab tag nrho kev pheej hmoo ntawm kab mob plawv. Npias kuj tseem yog cov txiaj ntsig zoo ntawm cov vitamins B6, cov khoom noj kom zoo rau lub cev tsis haum rau homocysteine, cov tshuaj lom ntshav cov ntshav txuam nrog kev pheej hmoo siab mob ntshav siab.

Haus cawv ntau – ntau dua 14 nyob rau ib lub lim tiam ib zaug – tseem coj lus ceeb toom txog kev noj qab haus huv muaj zog. Tab sis muaj qee cov pov thawj qhia tias kev haus dej haus cawv ntau tsawv, nrog rau npias, tuaj yeem pab tiv thaiv kab mob plawv.

Qhov kev tiv thaiv no ib txwm pom muaj nyob rau cov txiv neej tshaj 40 xyoo thiab poj niam tom qab ntxov. Tab sis xyoo 2017, cov kws tshawb fawb los ntawm University of Cambridge thiab University College London tau pom tias cov neeg haus cawv ntau txaus (sib npaug rau pint ntawm npias ib hnub) tsis tshua muaj mob plawv lossis mob stroke piv rau ob leeg teetotalers thiab cov neeg haus cawv heev. Qhov kev tiv thaiv no tau pom nyob rau hauv txiv neej thiab poj niam hnub nyoog dhau 30 xyoo.

Patient.info Saib tag nrho

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Cov kab ntawv txuas ntawm npias thiab roj (cholesterol)

Kev kuaj ntshav yuav qhia txog peb hom rog nyob hauv koj cov ntshav: roj HDL thiab LDL roj – “hom zoo” thiab “phem” – thiab triglycerides, lwm hom rog “phem”. Cov roj (cholesterol) zoo nyob hauv lub cev feem ntau txhais tau tias muaj HDL siab dua thiab qis dua cov roj cholesterol LDL thiab triglycerides.

Qhov xov xwm zoo yog tias qee qhov kev tshawb fawb, suav nrog ib txoj kev tshawb fawb los ntawm Hebrew University of Jerusalem, tau pom tias cov npias txhua hnub muaj feem cuam tshuam nrog kev txo qis ntawm LDL cov roj cholesterol txog li 18%. Lwm txoj kev tshawb nrhiav los ntawm Penn State University hauv Asmeskas tau tshawb pom tias kev haus npias ntau yuav pab tau tib neeg kom muaj cov roj cholesterol HDL ntau. Txawm li cas los xij, txoj kev tshawb no xaus lus tias haus peb lossis ntau dua cawv ib hnub tau pom tias xa cov qib roj cholesterol mus ntev.

Haus npias kuj muaj feem cuam tshuam triglycerides, cov rog hauv koj cov ntshav. Qhov no vim tias npias muaj ob qho carbohydrates thiab haus dej cawv, ob yam tshuaj uas nce qib triglyceride – nce qib triglyceride feem ntau tuaj nrog cov roj cholesterol HDL qis. Feem ntau cov npias feem ntau yuav ua rau muaj calorie-tuab dhau, yog li yog tias koj kev noj ntau txaus yuav ua rau koj qhov hnyav, qhov no yuav cuam tshuam rau koj cov roj (cholesterol) tag nrho.

Tus npias twg thiaj yog qhov zoo tshaj?

Tsis yog txhua txhua npias yog tsim sib npaug. Niaj hnub no koj tuaj yeem yuav cov cawv qis thiab cov lag luam me dua, tab sis qhov twg yog qhov zoo tshaj rau koj cov qib roj cholesterol?

Cawv tsis muaj cawv

Feem ntau cov beers feem ntau muaj cawv nyob ib puag ncig 4-6% cawv. Txhawm rau hu ua ‘tsis pub dej cawv’, npias yuav tsum muaj cawv tsawg dua 0.5% cawv. Tab sis puas haus cawv tsis muaj cov kev pab tshwj xeeb rau kev noj qab haus huv?

Kev tshawb nrhiav me me los ntawm University of Valencia nyob rau xyoo 2009 tau pom tias ntxiv rau kev txo cov roj ntau ntau hauv cov hlab ntsha ntawm cov neeg uas muaj cov roj cholesterol siab phem, npias tsis muaj cawv ntau kuj ntxiv cov roj antioxidant hauv cov ntshav haus, uas tuaj yeem muab kev tiv thaiv lub plawv ntxiv.

Tsawg-cawv lossis cawv qis-npias

Yuav piav tias yog ‘cawv-tsawg’, npias yuav tsum muaj cawv tsawg dua 1.2% cawv. ‘Cawv-haus cawv’ npias lub sijhawm, txhais tau tias nws muaj cawv cov cawv qis dua qhov nruab nrab lub zog rau hom npias. Ob qho qauv zoo li yuav qis dua hauv calories – piv txwv li, ib nrab pint ntawm cov dej cawv-npias muaj kwv yees li 60 calories, piv nrog cov qauv kev lag luam muaj zog ntau dua 100 calories.

Tsawg-carb beers

Txawm hais tias tsis muaj lub ntsiab lus txhais ntawm dab tsi tsawg-npias npias yog, cov npias txheem muaj nyob ib ncig ntawm 11 g ntawm carbohydrates ib nrab pint, thaum qis-carb beers feem ntau muaj 2 g ntawm carbohydrates rau tib qhov loj me. Nco ntsoov tias cov npias tsawg-carb tau tsuas yog ua kom tawg kom tshem cov carbohydrates, yog li nws tuaj yeem muaj dej cawv cov cawv ib yam li cov npias txheem. Tsawg-carb beers kuj yog qhov nyuaj heev kom pom hauv UK.

Qhov kev txiav txim plaub

Cawv tsis muaj cawv yog cov roj (cholesterol) thiab lub siab noj qab haus huv – muaj yeej. Kev tshem tawm cawv kuj txo cov calories, uas yog lub sijhawm ua haujlwm yuav pab txhawb kom yuag dhau thiab tiv thaiv koj lub plawv.

Haus dej cawv tsawg kuj yog ib qho kev xaiv noj qab haus huv zoo vim tias nws muaj cawv tsawg thiab muaj calories tsawg, tab sis tsuas yog ceev faj koj tsis txhob haus nws ntau!

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