Haus cawv puas ua rau mob cancer?


Haus cawv puas ua rau mob cancer?

Cancer Research UK kwv yees tias kev haus dej haus cawv ua rau 11,900 kis mob cancer ntawm ib xyoo hauv tebchaws Askiv. Tab sis tsis txaus rau peb paub txog kev sib txuas ntawm kev haus cawv thiab tus kab mob.

Kev tshawb nrhiav tsis ntev los no hauv BMJ Qhib ntsia cov poj niam txoj kev paub txog kev txuas ntawm cawv thiab mob cancer mis tshwj xeeb. Txoj kev tshawb nrhiav, uas koom nrog 205 tus poj niam mus rau hauv chaw kuaj mob cancer mis, pom tias tsawg dua ib ntawm tsib paub tias kev haus cawv yog qhov muaj kev pheej hmoo rau kev tsim tus kab mob.

Cov pojniam tau raug qhia kom ‘sau txhua yam koj xav tias yuav ua rau muaj kev pheej hmoo mob khees xaws mis. Thaum nyob ib ncig ntawm ib feem peb tau hais txog kev rog, thiab ze li ib nrab tau hais txog kev haus luam yeeb, tsuas yog 19,5% teev dej cawv.

Lawv kuj raug hais kom kwv yees cov dej cawv cov ntsiab lus ntawm plaub cov dej qab zib uas nrov. Ntawm cov neeg uas hais tias lawv haus cawv, 72% muaj peev xwm kwv yees cov units hauv cov khob cawv, tab sis tsawg dua li ib hlis twg tau txais txoj cai rau ntsuj plig lossis dav.

“Cov poj niam paub txog dej cawv yog qhov muaj feem yuav ua mob qog noj ntshav mis tau tsawg, thiab tib neeg kuj tsis zoo rau kev kwv yees cov dej cawv ntawm cov dej cawv, txawm tias lawv xav tias lawv paub los xij,” Cov xibfwb Julia Sinclair ntawm University of Southampton, uas hais tias ua qhov kev tshawb fawb.

“Nws muaj kev txhawj xeeb tias feem ntau cov poj niam hauv txoj kev tshawb fawb no tsis paub txog kev haus cawv ua rau muaj kev pheej hmoo mob cancer mis, vim tias kev haus cawv tsawg yog ib txoj hauv kev zoo tshaj plaws uas tib neeg tuaj yeem txo lawv txoj kev pheej hmoo,” Cov.

Yuav tiv thaiv pes tsawg qog nqaij hlav?

Yog li ntawd muaj tseeb npaum li cas los txuas rau kev haus cawv thiab mob cancer? Xws li ntau zaus thaum peb tham txog mob qog noj ntshav, qhov no tuaj yeem ua rau cov lus nug nyuaj.

“Nrog rau mob qog noj ntshav, peb paub tias nws yog qhov sib npaug ntawm qhov koj tau hais qhia thiab qhov koj ua koj daim npav,” hais tias Sinclair. “Muaj koj cov noob, kev sib deev thiab hnub nyoog, uas peb tsis tuaj yeem ua dab tsi txog, thiab muaj kev ua neej, kev ua haujlwm thiab ib puag ncig, uas peb tuaj yeem hloov pauv. Tab sis kev pheej hmoo yog lub tswvyim tsis yooj yim. Koj tuaj yeem muaj feem tsawg ntawm cov kab mob thiab tseem tau txais nws, lossis qhov pheej hmoo muaj tus kab mob thiab tsis kis nws. “

Qhov tseeb, kev tshawb fawb 2017 qhia tias qhov kev pheej hmoo siab tshaj plaws ntawm kev tsim mob qog noj ntshav tau txais hmoov phem (piv txwv li kev sib hloov uas tau tshwm sim thaum cov cell sib faib). Qhov ‘hmoov tsis zoo’ ua tau, thov cov kws tshawb nrhiav, ua lub luag haujlwm rau ntau dua kev sib hloov ntau dua li caj ces lossis yam tseem ceeb hauv lub neej.

Txawm li cas los xij, Kev Tshawb Fawb Cancer UK kwv yees tias 38% ntawm cov mob qog nqaij hlav hauv tebchaws Askiv tuaj yeem tiv thaiv tau, nrog cov feem sib txawv sib txawv raws li hom mob cancer. Piv txwv li, 78.9% ntawm cov qog nqaij hlav hauv lub ntsws muaj kev tiv thaiv, txhais tau tias kev mob qog los ntawm qee qhov kev pheej hmoo xws li kev haus luam yeeb, huab cua pa lossis hluav taws xob.

Noj tag nrho cov mob kheesxaws ua ke, kev siab hlub kwv yees tias 15% ntawm lawv yog los ntawm kev haus luam yeeb. Kev rog dhau los yog rog yog qhov thib ob loj tshaj plaws tuaj yeem tiv thaiv kev phom sij, lav 6% ntawm cov neeg mob, hos thaj tsam li 3% ntawm cov qog nqaij hlav tuaj yeem tiv thaiv yog tias tib neeg tsis haus cawv.

Patient.info Saib tag nrho

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Kev haus cawv ua rau mob cancer tau li cas?

Nrog rau mob qog noj mis tshwj xeeb, kev txuas nrog cawv yog qhov muaj zog me ntsis. Kev haus dej yog xav tias yuav ua rau kwv yees li 8% ntawm cov neeg mob, thiab koj txoj kev pheej hmoo yuav ntau dua li koj haus ntau. Raws li American Society of Clinical Oncology, cov neeg haus cawv lub teeb tsa lawv txoj kev pheej hmoo mob cancer mis tau 4%, cov neeg haus cawv tsawg li ntawm 23% thiab cov neeg haus cawv heev (uas haus ntau tshaj li yim haus ib hnub) muaj txog 63%.

Shields hais tias “Koj tsis tas yuav haus cawv kom tiav; muaj kev pabcuam me dua thiab tsis muaj cawv ntau hnub tuaj yeem ua rau muaj qhov sib txawv loj,” Shields hais.

Cawv kuj tseem yog ib qho kev pheej hmoo rau rau 6 lwm hom mob cancer: qhov ncauj mob qog noj ntshav, mob cancer pharyngeal, mob plab oesophageal, mob plab laryngeal, mob plab hnyuv thiab mob cancer. Nws yog qhov txaus ntshai tshwj xeeb thaum sib txuam nrog kev haus luam yeeb, vim tias kev haus cawv yuav ua rau cov cell hauv lub caj pas puas tsuaj thiab ua rau lwm cov carcinogens nkag tau yooj yim.

“Kuv xav tias kev daws teeb meem nyob ib ncig ntawm kabmob yuav tsum txhawb cov neeg tias muaj qee yam uas lawv tuaj yeem ua kom txo lawv txoj kev pheej hmoo,” said Sinclair. “Yog li peb tsuas xav txhawb cov poj niam nrog qhov tseeb los pab lawv txiav txim siab qhov twg lawv tuaj yeem txhim kho lawv txoj kev noj qab haus huv.”

Kev tiv thaiv kev cuam tshuam

Sinclair xav pom ‘kev tiv thaiv kev tiv thaiv’ ntxiv rau kev kuaj mob chaw kuaj mob – hauv lwm lo lus, muab cov ntaub ntawv rau cov poj niam txog kev sib txuas ntawm kev haus cawv thiab mob cancer mis. Nws taw qhia tias, thaum muaj kev tshawb fawb ntxiv, cov poj niam uas nws tau tshawb fawb tau teb zoo rau lub tswv yim. Nws kuj xav tias, raws li cov neeg zej zog, peb 30 xyoo tom qab peb nyob qhov twg haus luam yeeb, nyob rau hauv cov nqe lus ntawm tau txais cov lus tseeb nyob ntawd.

“Kev lag luam cawv tau nqis peev ntau ua rau peb tsis xav txog kev noj qab haus huv kev haus cawv thiab yaum peb tias tsis muaj ib lub sijhawm hauv peb lub neej ua tiav tsis muaj haus cawv,” nws hais. “Tsis tas li ntawd, cov nom tswv, neeg sau xov xwm thiab cov kws kho mob yog txhua pab pawg neeg haus dej haus cawv ntau thiab lawv yog cov tsim kev daws thoob plaws cov teeb meem no.”

Thaum kawg, nws xav pom cov kab lis kev cai uas cov poj niam saib cawv cawv ntxiv rau lawv txoj kev noj haus es tsis yog ib txwm ua. Txawm tias zoo li qub tuaj yeem hais rau cov txiv neej, Sinclair kev tshawb fawb tsom rau poj niam.

“Raws li txoj kev lawv kam rau nws yuav nyob qis, lawv noj tag nrho yuav nyob qis, thiab nws muaj cov txiaj ntsig myriad feem ntau rau kev noj qab haus huv thiab kev nyob zoo,” nws hais. “Peb xav kom pom zoo tias qhov kev haus cawv ntau heev yog qhov ntse tshaj plaws ua rau cov poj niam niaj hnub no, es tsis txhob ua rau lawv lub siab ploj mus.”

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