Koj tus menyuam puas muaj mob dyslexia?


Koj tus menyuam puas muaj mob dyslexia?

Tsawg tus neeg tau ua rau muaj kev sib cav ntau dua nyob rau hauv cov tshuaj, kev kawm ntawv thiab thoob plaws lub zej zog nyob rau ib nrab xyoo dhau los dua li dyslexia – thiab tseem tseem muaj cov kws tshaj lij thiab cov neeg tawm tswv yim zoo li tsis tuaj yeem pom zoo rau lub ntsiab lus meej.

Thiab yog tias tsis muaj leej twg tuaj yeem pom zoo txog qhov dyslexia yog dab tsi, niam txiv txhawj xeeb li cas tias lawv cov menyuam yuav ploj cov kev kawm tseem ceeb hauv tsev kawm ntawv kom pom cov phiajcim, ruaj khov rau kev kuaj mob, thiab tsim kom muaj phiaj xwm kev cuam tshuam zoo?

Qhov teeb meem ntawm kev txhais

Dyslexia tau siv ntau yam los piav qhia txog cov haiv neeg tsawg ntawm cov neeg uas, txawm hais tias lub peev xwm txawj ntse dhau los, muaj kev nyuaj ntawm kev nyeem ntawv hauv lawv lub neej.

10% ntawm cov pej xeem yog dyslexic; 4% loj heev yog li ntawd. Tseem nug tus neeg nruab nrab hauv txoj hauv kev thiab muaj txoj hmoo yog lawv yuav tham tsis meej txog ‘teeb meem nyeem ntawv’, hais txog cov neeg muaj koob npe xws li Jamie Oliver thiab Richard Branson uas muaj yeej, txawm hais tias kuaj tau tus mob no.

Tus nkauj xwb billionaire tau piav qhia txog nws lub dyslexia uas yog ‘muaj txiaj ntsig loj’. Lub Koom Haum Pabcuam British Dyslexia Association (BDA) sau tseg tias cov neeg mob dyslexia tseem muaj lub zog ntawm lwm qhov chaw, xws li kev tsim qauv, daws teebmeem, thiab muaj tswv yim zoo, kev sib tham sib thiab qhov ncauj.

Txawm li cas los xij, qee tus neeg txawm tias refuted nws cov hav zoov. Hauv phau ntawv sib cav 2014 Lub Dyslexia Sib Cav, Xibfwb Julian Elliot ntawm Durham University thiab Elena Grigorenko tau sib cav hais tias dyslexia yog lub sijhawm tsis muaj suab npe nrog kev paub txog keeb kwm kev tshawb fawb.

Cov neeg tawm tswv yim xws li Sue Flohr MBE, tus thawj coj ntawm txoj cai ntawm BDA, nco ntsoov tias cov kev tshawb fawb no tau ua rau muaj kev tsis txaus ntseeg thiab tias dyslexia suav nrog hauv cov lus txhais ntawm kev xiam oob khab rau Txoj Cai Sib Xws 2010.

Nyob rau hauv nws influential 2009 tsab ntawv ceeb toom rau Txheeb xyuas thiab Qhia Cov Menyuam thiab Cov Hluas Cov Hluas Dyslexia thiab Literacy Nyuaj, Sir Jim Rose piav qhia dyslexia tias: “Ib qho kev kawm nyuaj uas feem ntau cuam tshuam rau cov kev txawj ntse cuam tshuam los ntawm cov lus tseeb thiab npliag nyeem cov lus thiab sau kom raug.”

Nws tau piav qhia tus yam ntxwv ntawm dyslexia yog qhov nyuaj ntawm kev paub txog lub suab (lub suab ntawm cov lus), kev hais lus nco thiab kev hais lus ceev.

Qee tus neeg nrog dyslexia kuj tseem tawm tsam nrog kev sib koom ua ke nrog lub cev, kev xav hauv lub hlwb, kev xav thiab tus kheej lub koom haum, tab sis cov no tsis yog, los ntawm lawv tus kheej, cov cim ntawm dyslexia.

Cov tsos mob thiab kuaj mob

Lub BDA ntseeg tias, txhawb los ntawm kev tshawb fawb ntau yam, dyslexia yog qhov sib txawv ntawm txoj kev kawm paub tias muaj qee yam tshwj xeeb rau kev ncua ib tus neeg los ntawm kev ua tiav lawv lub peev xwm.

Feem ntau, cov tib neeg muaj kev tsis txaus nyob hauv kev ua hauj lwm nco lossis kev ua kom nrawm uas cuam tshuam rau lawv qhov kev ua tau zoo.

Kev kawm nyuaj

Flohr piav qhia “Cov tsos mob uas pom tau tshaj plaws feem ntau xav tias yog kev nyuaj ntawm kev kawm paub thiab qhov no tuaj yeem cuam tshuam rau menyuam yaus tus cwj pwm kev sib txawv,” piav qhia. “Tus menyuam qhov kev kawm paub yuav raug thaiv vim tias kev paub tsis meej yuav cuam tshuam lawv kev koom nrog lub ncauj lus. Lawv tuaj yeem txhais cov ntaub ntawv tsis raug lossis raug txwv tsis pub txhais lus txhua.”

Ua yam tsis xav txog

“Piv txwv li, lawv yuav tsum ua haujlwm hnyav dua li lawv lub sijhawm ua tiav kom tau txais txiaj ntsig zoo thiab qhov no tuaj yeem rhuav tshem menyuam yaus – lawv tuaj yeem cuam tshuam yooj yim, hloov thiab cuam tshuam rau lwm tus.”

Kev tawm tsam

Flora ntawm lwm tus pom, lawv tuaj yeem dhau los ua lub hom phiaj tsis muaj zog thaum lwm tus pom tias lawv tsis muaj zog thiab tsis muaj kev hwm tus kheej, “Flohr qhia. “Kev sib raug zoo hauv zej zog tuaj yeem cuam tshuam, nyob rau hauv tias yog lawv tsis muaj lub cim xeeb ua haujlwm tsis zoo lawv yuav tsis niaj hnub nqus cov lus uas hais thiab yuav tsis teb thiab lossis tsis pom qhov tsis zoo. muaj tsawg vim tias muaj tsawg kis. “

Thaum kuaj mob dyslexia muaj peev xwm ua tau ua ntej tsev kawm ntawv siv cov kev ntsuas sib txawv, ib qho kev kuaj mob tseeb dua tsuas yog ua tau thaum tus menyuam muaj hnub nyoog kawm ntawv, thaum muaj kev paub txog kev paub ntxiv.

Flohr lees paub tias “Ua ntej muaj hnub nyoog xya xyoo, nws tsis tuaj yeem hais tias tus menyuam yaus qis dua qhov xav tau ntawm qhov kev paub txog kev paub ntaub ntawv,”. “Tom qab xya daim duab meej dua tuaj yeem tau txais.”

Kuv tuaj yeem ua dab tsi yog tias kuv tus me nyuam muaj dyslexia?

Dyslexia tsis yog kev mob nkeeg, txhais tau tias kev siv tshuaj tsis tsim nyog. Tsis yog nws lees paub tias yog teeb meem kev noj qab haus huv, lub ntsiab lus hais tias nyob rau hauv UK kev pabcuam tsis muaj los ntawm NHS.

Flohr qhia tias, “Txawm li cas los xij, cov niam txiv tuaj yeem tshawb xyuas cov teeb meem sib koom ua ke uas yuav yog qhov chaw txhawb ntxiv,” “Piv txwv, teeb meem pob ntseg, qhov ntswg thiab mob qa thiab pob ntseg ntsej muag; lub zeem muag thiab cov qhov muag cuam tshuam yooj yim; teeb meem hais lus thiab hais lus; thiab teeb meem nrog kev teeb tsa ua ke.”

Flohr pom zoo tias cov niam txiv yuav tau ua kom ncaj ncees thaum los txog rau kev ntsuas cov tsev kawm ntawv cov kev pabcuam tshwj xeeb (SEN) hauv tsev kawm ntawv thiab seb lawv yuav pab tau lawv cov menyuam txoj kev kawm zoo li cas nyob hauv tsev.

Nws hais tias “Cov niam txiv yuav tsum saib Lub Tsev Kawm Ntawv Cov Ntaub Ntawv Qhia, uas yuav tsum tau muab cov ntaub ntawv hais txog lub tsev kawm ntawv tuaj yeem pab tau li cas,” “Cov no feem ntau tuaj yeem nrhiav tau ntawm tsev kawm ntawv lub vev xaib lossis tsim tawm los ntawm tsev kawm ntawv tus tuav ntaub ntawv.

“Yog tias qhov kev ntsuam xyuas tsis dhau los ntawm lub tsev kawm, lawv tuaj yeem tau txais kev ywj pheej los qhia lawv tus kheej ntawm qhov kev nyuaj npaum licas. Lawv tuaj yeem tsim cov ntaub ntawv kawm rau lub sijhawm txuas mus ntxiv thiab ntxiv nws tawm hauv tsev kawm.”

Lub BDA txhawb nqa siv cov kev paub tshwj xeeb zoo rau kev ua haujlwm nrog kev qhia ntawv los ntawm cov kws tshaj lij tus kws qhia ntawv.

“Cov niam txiv ntawm cov menyuam tuaj yeem nrhiav kev pab los ntawm lawv tus kws qhia ntawv, tsev kawm ntawv tus kws tshaj lij pabcuam kev kawm tshwj xeeb (SENCo), lossis lawv lub koom haum dyslexia hauv zej zog,” hais tias Flohr. “Tab sis kev pab nyiaj ntxiv rau CPD yog xav tau los pab cov kws qhia tuaj yeem txheeb xyuas thiab txhawb cov neeg uas muaj dyslexia hauv chav kawm.”

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