Ua li cas koj thiaj tuag los ntawm tus mob khaub thuas?


Koj tuag li cas los ntawm kev mob khaub thuas?

Coob tus neeg tseem pom tus kabmob npaws, hom lus tshaj tawm rau tus kabmob khaub thuas, yog qhov tsis txaus ntseeg, ua rau muaj kev tsis txaus siab – ib qho uas zam tau los ntawm kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv – ntau dua li yuav muaj kev hem thawj.

Tab sis txhua xyoo hauv cov tebchaws nyob sab hnub poob uas lawv cov pej xeem tau txais kev saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv zoo tshaj plaws, tus mob khaub thuas yog lub luag haujlwm rau ntau txhiab tus neeg tuag, tshwj xeeb ntawm cov neeg muaj kev pheej hmoo siab.

Koj puas tsim nyog txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv khaub thuas NHS dawb?

Tej zaum koj yuav muaj cai tau txais tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob khaub thuas NHS dawb los ntawm koj GP lossis tus kws muag tshuaj hauv zos. Nug seb koj puas tsim nyog hnub no.

Tshawb nrhiav ntxiv

Mob khaub thuas yuav tua tau li cas

“Rau cov neeg feem coob mob khaub thuas feem ntau mob hnyav, tab sis nyob rau qee pawg – cov neeg laus thiab cov neeg muaj mob muaj txiaj ntsig zoo xws li kev tiv thaiv kab mob tsis muaj zog, piv txwv li – nws tuaj yeem mob hnyav dua, uas ua rau pw hauv tsev kho mob, thiab nyob rau kis hnyav tuaj yeem ua rau neeg tuag taus , “hais tias Dr Richard Pebody, lub taub hau khaub thuas ntawm Public Health England (PHE).

“Mob khaub thuas tuaj yeem ua rau muaj mob txaus ntshai xws li mob ntsws thiab mob rau sab hauv, ua rau muaj kev pheej hmoo ntawm cov kab mob theem ob thiab tseem ua rau muaj teeb meem mob hauv chaw kuaj mob xws li mob plawv thiab ntsws.”

“Qhov tshuaj tiv thaiv yog qhov tiv thaiv zoo tshaj plaws uas peb muaj los tiv thaiv kev kis mob khaub thuas thiab rau cov neeg uas tsim nyog nws yuav tsis tau txais kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv qeeb.”

Patient.info Saib tag nrho

Puas muaj kev mob npaws ntxaws thaum koj cev xeeb tub?

Tsis tsuas yog txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kev mob ua npaws rau cov poj niam cev xeeb tub, kev txhaj tshuaj yog pom zoo. Tsis tau ib nrab …

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Leej twg yog tus muaj feem pheej hmoo?

Ntxiv rau cov hnub nyoog 65 xyoos, uas nyiam lub cev tsis muaj zog tiv thaiv kab mob, thiab cov menyuam yaus thiab cov neeg laus uas lub cev tsis muaj zog tiv thaiv kab mob, cov poj niam cev xeeb tub kuj tseem muaj feem yuav kis mob khaub thuas.

Cev xeeb tub ua rau lub cev tiv thaiv tsis tau zoo, txhais tau hais tias tus kab mob no tuaj yeem ua rau muaj mob hnyav rau tus pojniam thiab nws tus menyuam tshiab.

Cov menyuam yaus thiab cov neeg laus muaj mob uas ua rau lub cev tsis muaj zog tiv thaiv kab mob kuj tseem tsis tuaj yeem mus tua tau khaub thuas Raws li PHE, cov uas muaj tus kab mob siab ntev yog kwv yees li 48 npaug feem ntau yuav tuag yog tias lawv kis mob npaws tshaj li cov neeg uas tsis muaj mob lwm yam.

Cov neeg muaj mob raum mob ntsws ntev txog li 19 npaug feem ntau yuav tuag, cov neeg mob plawv mob ntsws 11 npaug feem ntau dua, thiab cov neeg muaj mob ua pa nyuaj rau xya zaus ntau.

Cov menyuam yaus noj qab haus huv tseem muaj peev xwm kis tau tus mob khaub thuas ntau dua – cov menyuam yaus hnub nyoog qis dua 5 xyoos muaj cov tsev kho mob nkag siab ntau tshaj plaws rau cov mob npaws, uas tuaj yeem txo txog li 93% los ntawm kev qhia txog kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv rau txhua tus menyuam noj qab nyob zoo hauv ib thaj chaw.

Xyoo 2017/18 lub caij mob khaub thuas puas tshwj?

Xyoo dhau los lub caij mob khaub thuas yog qhov phem tshaj rau xya xyoo, nrog rau 15,000 tus neeg tuag los ntawm tus kab mob, nyob ib ncig ntawm ob zaug hauv nruab nrab daim duab. Tshaj tag nrho, kwv yees 50,100 ntau dhau lub caij ntuj no tuag tshwm sim hauv tebchaws Askiv thiab Wales, tus lej ntawm ntau tshaj 40 xyoo.

Peb kab mob khaub thuas kis dhau lub caij ntuj sov dhau los no: A (H3N2) – ib qho kev kis mob uas tuaj yeem cuam tshuam rau cov neeg laus dua, ua rau neeg tuag coob, kev saib xyuas tsev thiab tsev kho mob nkag hauv cov hnub nyoog laus dua, khaub thuas B thiab A (H1N1) pdm09.

Pebody hais tias muaj pov thawj pom tias tus kab mob A (H3N2) hloov pauv thaum lub sijhawm tsim cov tshuaj tiv thaiv, txhais tau tias lub ntsej muag ua rau tsis muaj kev tiv thaiv zoo li kev cia siab.

“Ib qho ntxiv, cov tshuaj tiv thaiv feem ntau ntawm cov neeg laus tau txais lub caij ntuj no tsuas yog qee qhov sib piv ntawm tus kabmob khaub thuas B uas tab tom kis mus,” nws hais ntxiv.

Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv tshiab

Xyoo no, PHE tau tshaj tawm rau cov neeg laus hnub nyoog qis dua 65 xyoo tsim nyog rau jabs – cov uas muaj teeb meem kev noj qab haus huv xws li mob hawb pob thiab ntshav qab zib – koob tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob sib kis tiv thaiv plaub hom kab mob khaub thuas (yav dhau los hom phiaj peb), thaum cov neeg laus laus tau muab ib qho kev ua kom muaj zog, los yog muaj kev nyob ib sab, jab.

“Xyoo no peb xav kom txhua tus neeg laus hnub nyoog 18-64 mus txhaj koob tshuaj tiv thaiv quadrivalent, thiab cov neeg laus hnub nyoog 65 thiab tshaj saud yuav tau txais kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob khaub thuas sib kis,” Peb Peb paub tseeb. “Qhov tshuaj tiv thaiv uas cuam tshuam yog txhawm rau muab qhov kev tiv thaiv kom muaj zog thiab qhov tawm tsam loj dua.”

Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv khaub thuas rau cov menyuam muaj kev noj qab haus huv, txhaj tshuaj rau hauv qhov ntswg ntau dua li kev txhaj tshuaj, kuj tiv thaiv plaub hom kab mob khaub thuas.

Kev tiv thaiv thiab kho mob

Cov kws kho mob tsis pom zoo cov tshuaj tua kab mob rau tus mob khaub thuas vim lawv tsis daws cov tsos mob lossis kho kom rov zoo tuaj, tshwj tsis yog muaj pov thawj ntawm kev kis tus kab mob thib ob.

Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob rau tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob rau cov neeg nyob rau hauv cov neeg muaj kev phom sij uas nthuav qhia kev mob khaub thuas, txhawm rau kom txo qhov mob mus ntev, txhawb nqa los ntawm 2017 kev soj ntsuam cov pov thawj los ntawm European Center for Prevention and Control (ECDC) Cov.

“PHE pom zoo kom siv cov tshuaj oseltamivir (Tamiflu) lossis zanamivir (Relenza) kom txo qis qhov kev cuam tshuam ntawm tus mob khaub thuas rau cov pab pawg uas muaj kev pheej hmoo, uas tau muaj kev pheej hmoo loj ntawm kev tsim muaj mob los ntawm tus mob khaub thuas,” hais tias Pebody.

“Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob kis tau zoo tshaj thaum pib ntxov li sai tau tom qab cov tsos mob khaub thuas pib – tsawg kawg hauv thawj 36-48 teev.”

Cov lus qhia pab tus kheej

Kev nyiam huv yooj yim kuj tseem tuaj yeem pab koj kom tsis txhob kis mob khaub thuas thiab tiv thaiv kev kis tus kab mob. Nqa cov ntaub so ntswg thiab siv lawv txhawm rau txhawm rau hnoos lossis txham; muab cov kab mob coj los siv sai li sai tau, thiab tom qab ntawd ntxuav koj txhais tes thiab tua cov kab mob.

Koj tuaj yeem kho cov tsos mob khaub thuas koj tus kheej los ntawm kev so, ua kom sov, haus dej kom ntau, thiab siv tshuaj kho mob yooj yim.

Tab sis – hauv tebchaws Askiv – hu rau koj tus GP lossis NHS 111 yog tias:

  • Cov tsos mob tsis zoo tom qab xya hnub.
  • Koj txhawj xeeb txog koj tus menyuam cov tsos mob.
  • Koj muaj 65 xyoos rov saud.
  • Koj cev xeeb tub.
  • Koj muaj mob loj – piv txwv li, ntshav qab zib lossis lub plawv, mob ntsws, mob raum lossis mob leeg.
  • Koj muaj lub cev tsis muaj zog tiv thaiv kab mob – piv txwv li, vim tias siv tshuaj khomob lossis mob HIV.

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