Koj yuav tsum tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv ntev npaum li cas?


Koj yuav tsum tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv ntev npaum li cas?

Thaum Lub Kaum Ib Hlis, tus txiv neej Askiv tuag tom qab kev kis mob vwm los ntawm tus miv tom thaum mus xyuas Morocco. Raws li cov lus ceeb toom, nws lub neej muaj peev xwm tau txais kev cawm dim yog tias nws tau muab hom tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob vwm rau lub sijhawm.

Txawm tias tsawg tsawg, cov xwm txheej tsis txaus ntseeg xws li qhov no yog ceeb toom txog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv ua ntej mus ncig rau qee lub tebchaws kom tiv thaiv koj tus kheej – thiab lwm tus – tiv thaiv kab mob ntau yam, xws li vwm, kub cev daj, mob typhoid thiab mob siab A.

Kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv ua haujlwm licas?

Kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob ua haujlwm los ntawm kev qhia tawm qee yam me me ntawm lub cev tsis muaj zog / tsis muaj zog lossis kab mob, lossis cov tshuaj tiv thaiv ua kom lub cev tsis huv, mus rau hauv lub cev, tsis hais ntawm qhov ncauj lossis los ntawm kev txhaj tshuaj. Qee zaum cov taug ua kom cov taug (toxin lossis toxic) los ntawm tus kab mob lossis tus kab mob tau muab rau lub cev. Piv txwv, cov qauv no yog hu ua kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob uas tsis muaj kev tiv thaiv koj tau txais los ntawm koj niam, piv txwv.

Vim tias tus neeg sawv cev hauv cov tshuaj tiv thaiv tsis muaj zog lossis tsis muaj zog, koj tuaj yeem tsis kis tus mob los ntawm nws. Hloov chaw, cov tshuaj tiv thaiv pib-lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob thiab peb cov qe ntshav dawb pib ua haujlwm, pab lub cev tsim cov tshuaj tiv thaiv uas ua zoo li tub rog sib ntaus sib tua los ntawm ib cov kab mob tshwj xeeb lossis kab mob.

Qhov xov xwm zoo yog, yog tias muaj tib hom kab mob lossis tus kab mob nkag rau hauv peb lub cev dua, cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob sawv thiab tiv thaiv peb kom tsis txhob mob. Qhov kev tiv thaiv kev nco no yog hu ua kev tiv thaiv thiab qee zaum nws tuaj yeem ua rau lub neej ntev ntev.

Kuv yuav tsum tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv dabtsi ua ntej kuv mus txawv tebchaws?

Cov tshuaj koj yuav xav tau yog nyob ntawm koj qhov chaw mus ncig, kev noj qab haus huv thiab kev npaj ua si, thaum lub sijhawm nws yuav tsum tau coj ua ntej taug kev txawv rau txhua tus.

Hauv 7-14 hnub tom qab tau txais kev txhaj tshuaj, lub cev feem ntau yuav tsim kev tiv thaiv kom pab tiv thaiv kev sib kis. Txawm li cas los xij, qee qhov, xws li kab mob vwm lossis txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob siab B, xav kom txhaj ntau lub sijhawm nyob rau ntau lub asthiv txhawm rau kom muaj kev tiv thaiv zoo.

Lynda Bramham, tus kws saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv kev noj qab haus huv tus kws tshaj lij ntawm National Travel Health Network thiab Center (NaTHNaC) piav qhia “Kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob ua npaws daj, piv txwv, yog qhov yuav tsum tau txhaj rau kev mus ncig rau qee lub tebchaws hauv tebchaws Africa thiab South America.

“Txawm li cas los xij, daim ntawv pov thawj thoob ntiaj teb uas xav tau rau ua npaws daj tsis tau siv txog txij li kaum hnub tom qab txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv tau muab tshuaj.

“Qee hom tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob muaj kev tiv thaiv mus ib sim, lwm qhov yuav tsum tau txhaj tshuaj ntxiv tom qab ob peb hlis lossis xyoo. Rau cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kev mob ua npaws, yuav tsum tau txhaj ib xyoos.

“Peb qhia cov neeg mus ncig sab nraud tebchaws Askiv kom tau txais lus qhia los ntawm lawv cov phais mob GP lossis chaw kuaj mob tsawg kawg 4-6 lub lis piam ua ntej lawv yuav mus ncig; cov muaj mob nyuaj yuav tsum nrhiav tswv yim ua ntej.”

Nco ntsoov tias koj npaj ua ntej

Tsis txhob cia lub siab tawm mus txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv mus txog rau lub sijhawm kawg vim lub cev yuav tsis muaj sijhawm txaus los tsim cov tshuaj tiv thaiv, ua rau koj muaj kev pheej hmoo tsis tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv lossis tiv thaiv kom txaus.

Kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv tuaj lig txhais tau tias yog koj yuav muaj tus mob tshwm sim tuaj, qhov no tuaj yeem tshwm sim thaum koj mus ncig lossis thaum koj tau mus txog koj lub hom phiaj.

Dr Preethi Daniel los ntawm London Cov Kws Kho Mob hais tias “Pom zoo kom pib koj cov kev txhaj tshuaj nyob ib ncig ntawm yim lub lis piam ua ntej taug kev, vim tias nws tuaj yeem siv sijhawm li ob peb hnub mus rau ob peb lub lis piam rau koj lub cev tsim cov tshuaj tiv thaiv.”

“Qee tus neeg yuav tsum tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv ua ntej, thiab qee tus xav tau ntau dua kev txhaj tshuaj ib zaug hauv chav kawm, yog li koj xav tau sijhawm sijhawm rau qhov no.”

NaTHNaC qhia rau cov neeg mus ncig sab nraud tebchaws Askiv kom tau txais kev pab tswv yim los ntawm lawv cov phais GP lossis chaw kuaj mob tsawg kawg 4-6 lub lis piam ua ntej lawv yuav mus ncig, thaum cov neeg muaj mob nyuaj yuav tsum nrhiav tswv yim ua ntej. Nws tej zaum tsim nyog mus rau 8-lub lis piam es tsis mus rau 4- mus rau 6 lub lis piam, raws li kev txhaj tshuaj yav dhau los yuav tsis ua ib qho kev phom sij, tabsis yog tso nws dhau mus.

Txawm li cas los xij, txawm tias lub sijhawm luv luv, nws kuj tseem tsim nyog tau txais tswv yim. Qee cov kev txhaj tshuaj nyob tom qab kawg raug pom zoo vim tias lawv yuav siv tau ua ntej muaj kab mob nrog lub sijhawm tsim tawm ntev, thiab lwm tus yuav tsim nyog txawm tias lawv tsis muab kev tiv thaiv tam sim ntawd rau thawj feem ntawm koj txoj kev mus txawv tebchaws. Lwm yam kev tiv thaiv kab mob kuj tseem tuaj yeem tham tau.

‘Kev Txhaj Tshuaj Tiv Thaiv Kab Mob Tiv Thaiv’, tseem hu ua Phau Ntawv Ntsuab, muaj cov ntaub ntawv tshiab tshaj plaws txog UK cov tshuaj tiv thaiv thiab cov txheej txheem txhaj tshuaj.

Puas muaj cov kev mob tshwm sim?

Nws tsis yooj yim rau cov neeg mob los tsim kev mob tshwm sim me, mob luv, xws li mob myalgia (mob leeg), mob taub hau thiab kub cev me ntsis, nyob rau thawj tsib rau kaum hnub tom qab txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv.

Qee zaum, tib neeg kuj tuaj yeem tsim cov kev tawm tsam rau cov khoom xyaw uas muaj cov tshuaj tiv thaiv, xws li cov qe protein lossis gelatine, yog li nco ntsoov qhia koj tus kws tu neeg mob ua ntej txog kev tsis haum tshuaj ua ntej txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv.

Muaj qee zaus tsawg kawg, muaj kev tsis haum tshuaj loj (anaphylactic) tshwm sim li ntawm ob peb feeb ntawm kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob. Qee hom tshuaj tiv thaiv tuaj yeem tiv thaiv tau (tsis tuaj yeem muab) rau qee tus neeg vim li kev kho mob, thiab kev tiv thaiv tseem yuav tsum tau coj nrog qee cov tshuaj tiv thaiv rau qee qhov kev pheej hmoo – piv txwv, cov poj niam cev xeeb tub, cov tib neeg muaj hnub nyoog 60 xyoo thiab laus dua, cov neeg uas nyob nrog HIV, lossis cov tsis muaj zog tiv thaiv kab mob.

Cov kev pheej hmoo tsis txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv yog dabtsi?

Yog tsis muaj kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv koj yuav tsis muaj kev tiv thaiv nrog kev pheej hmoo kis tus mob thiab kis tus mob mus ntxiv. Nco ntsoov, kev txhaj tshuaj tsis yog tsuas yog txhawm rau txo qis kev pheej hmoo rau tus kheej – lawv kuj tseem yog ib qho khoom siv tseem ceeb hauv kev sib ntaus los tiv thaiv kev sib kis ua ib feem ntawm txoj kev tswj cov kab mob dav.

“Kev noj qab haus huv cov pej xeem txaus ntshai tsis muaj kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv tuaj yeem sib cais mus rau txoj kev noj qab haus huv ntawm tus kheej (kis tus kabmob ncaj qha), thiab kev noj qab haus huv cov pej xeem (tseem ceeb kis),” Bramham hais qhia. “Nws kuj tseem muaj feem cuam tshuam rau cov nqi noj qab haus huv yog tias tib neeg tsis mob siab rau thiab tsis kis tus kabmob.”

“Txawm hais tias ntau cov tshuaj tiv thaiv muaj kev tiv thaiv ntau, qee qhov tsis muaj txiaj ntsig – txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv mob typhoid, piv txwv li, muaj kev tiv thaiv 70% nyob rau peb xyoos thiab yog li lwm qhov kev tiv thaiv kev kis kab mob xws li kev saib xyuas nrog zaub mov, dej thiab kev tu cev tus kheej yog qhov tseem ceeb,” nws ntxiv.

Yog li, yog tias tsis paub tseeb, teem sijhawm nrog GP kho mob lossis chaw kuaj mob kom cov tshuaj tiv thaiv thiab lwm yam kev tiv thaiv tuaj yeem sib tham.

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