Ntev li cas lub sij hawm hnov ​​ib ce mob?


Ntev li cas lub sij hawm hnov ​​ib ce mob?

Hauv YouGov daim ntawv ntsuam xyuas uas tau ua hauv 2017, 42% ntawm cov neeg teb hais tias lub sijhawm mob tau cuam tshuam lawv lub peev xwm los ua lawv txoj haujlwm – thiab 82% hais tias lawv cov tswv ntiav ua haujlwm tsis muaj kev pab rau nws.

Amy, 32 hais tias “Tom qab tawm cov ntsiav tshuaj kuv lub sijhawm mob zuj zus thiab hnyav zuj zus,” hais tias feem ntau ua rau kuv xav tau kom tshem tawm cov phiaj xwm, tab sis kuv tsis hu xov tooj thaum muaj mob vim nws tseem tsis raug txais kev ntseeg rau qhov ntawd.

“Kuv qhov mob cuam tshuam kuv tus ncej puab thiab sab nraud, nws yuav siv sijhawm li peb ntawm plaub hnub nyob rau ib hnub,” nws hais ntxiv. “Txawm li cas los xij cov tshuaj kho mob tsis zoo li kho lawv. Lub taub dej kub, tshuaj paracetamol thiab caij nws tawm yog kuv txoj kev npaj ua txhua lub hli.”

Vim li cas cov kev coj khaub ncaws mob?

Kev coj khaub ncaws Kev mob plab tshwm sim thaum cov leeg nqaij ntawm lub tsev menyuam tau cog lus ntau dua thaum koj lub sijhawm, txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawb kom lub plab menyuam tawm mus.

Thaum cov leeg ntsa ntawm lub tsev menyuam sib cog lus, nws zaws cov hlab ntshav hauv koj lub plab, uas txiav cov ntshav tawm. Yog tias tsis muaj cov pa oxygen tso rau, cov nqaij hauv koj lub tsev menyuam tso cov tshuaj tawm uas ua rau mob.

Tib lub sijhawm, koj lub cev kuj tsim cov tshuaj hu ua prostaglandins, uas ua kom cov leeg hauv plab mus cog lus ntxiv – ua rau mob ntxiv.

Lub sij hawm mob siab tau muab faib ua ob pawg loj. Hauv ‘theem nrab dysmenorrhoea’, muaj qhov pib ua rau mob. Hauv ‘thawj dysmenorrhoea’ qhov laj thawj tsis meej, tab sis nws yuav yog tias qee tus neeg tsim ntau yam prostaglandins.

Patient.info Saib tag nrho

Yuav ua li cas kom tshem tau lub sijhawm mob

Yog tias koj tau khaub ncaws, nws zoo li yuav muaj kev mob tshwm sim thaum qee lub sijhawm. Ua tsaug …

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Cov laj thawj zoo li cas rau lub caij mob?

“Qee lub sij hawm tsis muaj lub laj thawj yog vim li cas qee tus poj niam muaj kev mob siab dua rau lwm tus, tab sis feem ntau muaj,” hais tias yawg Narendra Pisal, tus kws pab tswv yim kws kho mob ntawm London Gynecology hais. “Thiab txawm hais tias txhua yam zoo li qub, peb ib txwm tuaj yeem ua qee yam los pab txo qis qhov mob.”

Cov tshuaj Endometriosis yog ib qho ntawm cov laj thawj feem ntau rau lub sijhawm mob siab, Pisal piav qhia. “Qhov no yog qhov chaw nyob sab hauv ntawm lub tsev menyuam yog nyob sab hauv lub plab, ua rau mob lub sijhawm thiab qee zaum kuj mob thaum sib deev,” nws hais.

Ntev li cas lub sij hawm hnov ​​mob heev dhau?

Dr Sarah Jarvis MBE

Nws yog ib tus mob ntev thiab tsis muaj zog uas ua rau mob hnyav lossis ua ntu zus thiab kuj tseem tuaj yeem ua rau ntxiv lawm tshob, qaug zog thiab mob plab hnyuv thiab lub zais zis.

Txawm hais tias ib ntawm kaum tus poj niam raug cuam tshuam, nws yuav siv sij hawm nruab nrab ntawm 7.5 xyoo txij li pib mob kom tau txais kev kuaj mob – nrog ntau tus poj niam raug lawb tawm tias ‘tsuas yog’ muaj lub sijhawm mob.

Fibroids yog lwm qhov ua kom mob siab thaum koj lub sijhawm. Pisal hais tias “Cov no yog cov pob qog nqaij (tsis yog mob qog nqaij hlav) uas ua rau cov leeg nqaij leeg, uas tuaj yeem ua rau mob hnyav thiab mob hnyav.

Coob tus pojniam tsis paub txog lawv muaj fibroids vim tias lawv tsis muaj tsos mob dab tsi, tab sis cov neeg uas ua haujlwm yuav mob plab, mob nraub qaum, nquag tso zis, mob plab thiab mob lub sijhawm sib deev, nrog rau lub sijhawm hnyav.

Ib qho mob hu ua adenomyosis kuj tseem tuaj yeem ua rau hnyav, mob lossis lub sijhawm tsis huv, nrog rau mob thaum sib deev thiab mob plab hnyuv.

Pisal hais tias “Qhov no qhov twg lub qog ntawm lub tsev menyuam nyob ntawm phab ntsa ntawm lub tsev menyuam thiab tuaj yeem ua rau muaj ntshav thiab mob txhaws thaum lub sijhawm mob heev,” Pisal hais.

Nws hais ntxiv tias “Lub sijhawm hnyav nrog cov ntshav tawv yuav mob heev.” Lub sijhawm hnyav yog txhais tau tias poob 80 ml lossis ntau dua ntawm cov ntshav thaum txhua lub sijhawm, lossis lub sijhawm muaj sijhawm ntev dua li ib lub limtiam lossis ob zaug, raws li NHS.

Yog tias koj lub sijhawm hnyav, koj yuav tau hloov koj cov khoom noj huv txhua teev lossis ob teev, hla cov ntshav txhaws loj dua 10p npib, lossis los ntshav los ntawm koj cov khaub ncaws txawm hais tias muaj ntaub qhwv thiab tampons. NHS muab qhov kev ntsuas tus kheej hauv online kom paub seb koj lub sijhawm hnyav npaum li cas.

Pisal hais ntxiv tias “Kev qog tsis txaus rau lub cev yog feem ntau ua rau thaum tsis muaj lwm yam piav qhia lub cev,” Pisal hais ntxiv.

Lub sijhawm mob hnyav tuaj yeem tshwm sim los ntawm pelvic inflammatory disease, thaum lub tsev menyuam, txoj hlab qe menyuam thiab cov qe menyuam tau kis tus kab mob thiab ua rau mob. Txawm hais tias ntau tus poj niam tsis muaj tsos mob tshwm sim, qee tus yuav hnov ​​mob hnyav lossis mob heev, qis dua mob plab, tsis xis nyob thaum sib deev, mob thaum tso zis, los ntshav los ntawm kev coj khaub ncaws lossis tawm ntawm lub paum.

Cov cim qhia tias tus mob yuav ua tau mob hnyav dua li cas?

Yog tias koj tabtom tawm tsam nrog lub sijhawm mob, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb uas tsis txhob raug kev txom nyem hauv kev ntsiag to. Kev mob khaub thuas thaum coj khaub ncaws txhua lub sijhawm tsis tas yuav qhia tias muaj teebmeem dabtsi, tabsis Pisal hais tias nws muaj qee yam qhia tias qhov mob yuav yog qee yam hnyav dua.

Qhov thib ib yog siv. Nws hais tias “Yog tias koj yuav tsum noj tshuaj ntaug tsis tu ncua lossis tsis tuaj yeem ua haujlwm ib hnub los tau, koj yuav tsum nrhiav kev kho mob,” nws hais. “Cov kev mob tshwm sim, xws li tsaus muag, cov lus tsa suab xoob, kev ua kom mob siab, thiab ntuav, kuj qhia tau tias koj yuav tsum mus ntsib kws kho mob.”

Yuav tsum tau siv sijhawm so los ua haujlwm los tsev kawm ntawv kuj tseem yuav sau npe tau. Pisal hais ntxiv tias “Yog tias koj lub sijhawm cuam tshuam rau lub neej zoo hauv txoj kev loj, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb uas yuav tsum tau ua kom daws tau cov tsos mob,”

Koj yuav tsum nco ntsoov qhov hnyav ntawm koj lub sijhawm. “Yog hais tias qhov mob tau cuam tshuam nrog cov hnyav dua nrog cov ntshav txhaws thiab dej nyab, uas tuaj yeem qhia qhov teeb meem lub cev xws li uterine fibroids,” nws hais.

Zoo li no, qhov mob thaum sib deev yuav tsum tsis txhob quav ntsej, vim nws tuaj yeem ua pov thawj ntawm cov mob xws li endometriosis.

Koj tuaj yeem pab lub sijhawm mob?

Pom koj GP

Pisal hais tias “Yuav tsum ntsib koj tus kws kho mob txhua zaus. Koj yuav tsum pom koj tus kws kho mob yog tias koj muaj mob hnyav lossis mob hnyav, lossis yog koj tus qauv ib txwm hloov tas mus ib ntus – piv txwv li, yog tias nws dhau los.

Koj tus GP yuav xav ua qhov kev kuaj mob hu ua pelvic exam los pab kuaj lossis txiav txim tawm qee yam mob. Lawv yuav xa koj mus nrhiav pelvic ultrasound, uas tsis ua mob thiab yuav tshawb pom ib qho txawv txav hauv koj lub plab yug me nyuam. Lawv tseem tuaj yeem xa koj tus kws paub tshwj xeeb.

Pob Taum Pleev

Pisal hais tias, “Cov tshuaj pleev xim yooj yim tuaj yeem pab tau, tab sis tsis txhob saib tsis taus lub hwj chim ntawm lub taub dej kub.” “Cov tshuaj noj xws li cov tshuaj mob tranexamic acid (txo cov ntshav los ntshav) thiab mefenamic acid (zoo rau txo cov mob pob txha) zoo heev.”

Cov kev tshawb fawb pom tias paracetamol tsis muaj txiaj ntsig ntawm kev txo lub sijhawm mob xws li ibuprofen lossis tshuaj aspirin.

Cov ntsiav tshuaj tiv thaiv

“Noj tshuaj sib xyaw ua ke feem ntau tuaj yeem ua rau lub sijhawm sib dua thiab tsis tshua mob,” Pisal hais.

Qhov no tuaj yeem txo lub sijhawm mob vim tias nws thiv plab daim tawv nqaij thiab txo tus nqi prostaglandin koj lub cev tso tawm.

Mirena kauj (kev kaw lus intrauterine)

Mirena kauj yog ib hom kab ke nkag hauv dej, lossis IUS, uas yog hom tshuaj tiv thaiv kev xeeb menyuam uas tau muab tso rau hauv koj lub tsev menyuam (menyuam) los ntawm kws kho mob lossis kws saib xyuas neeg mob.

Nws tso tawm cov tshuaj progestogen los ua kom koj xeeb tub thiab kav ntev txog tsib xyoos. Nws kuj tseem siv tau los txo qhov hnyav lub sijhawm, uas kuj tuaj yeem pab rau qhov mob plab.

Txoj kev ua neej hloov

Ib txoj kev tshawb fawb Australian tawm hauv xyoo 2014 pom cov poj niam haus luam yeeb muaj feem yuav mob caj dab ntev thaum coj khaub ncaws, yog li kev txiav luam yeeb yuav pab txo qhov siv zog.

Thiab txawm hais tias kev tawm dag zog yuav yog qhov kawg ntawm koj lub siab thaum koj nyob ntawm koj lub sijhawm, kev tawm dag zog maj – xws li taug kev – tuaj yeem pab txo qhov mob thiab txhim kho kev noj qab haus huv. Kev siv sijhawm los so kom txaus, xws li da dej sov, nws tseem tuaj yeem pab tau.

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