Peb yuav ua li cas txhawb nqa cov menyuam yaus nrog kev muaj autism?


Peb yuav ua li cas txhawb nqa cov menyuam yaus nrog kev muaj autism?

UK kev siab hlub National Autistic Society (NAS) tau txiav txim siab tias muaj autism ua rau kev loj hlob tsis taus ntev uas cuam tshuam rau cov tib neeg li cas pom lub ntiaj teb thiab cuam tshuam nrog lwm tus.

“Cov menyuam yaus ntawm tus tsi txawj has lug pom, hnov, hnov ​​thiab paub lub ntiaj teb hauv kev sib txawv los ntawm lwm tus neeg, tshwj xeeb yog hais txog qhov lawv sib txuas lus, thiab kev paub thiab cuam tshuam nrog lub ntiaj teb no nyob ib puag ncig lawv,” Carol Povey, tus thawj coj ntawm NAS Center rau Autism.

Qhov tseeb tias feem ntau cov niam txiv paub – lossis paub txog – ib tug neeg muaj ib tus menyuam muaj autistic ua tim khawv tsis yog rau tus neeg mob feem ntau (ib puag ncig 700,000 tus neeg nyob hauv tebchaws Askiv, ntau dua 1 hauv 100, nyob rau ntawm qhov txawv daim duab) tab sis kuj nce ntxiv paub txog ntawm tus yam ntxwv, kuaj mob thiab kho mob.

Lub tsi txawj has lug spectrum

Txhua tus neeg autistic faib qee yam nyuaj, tab sis kev autistic cuam tshuam rau tib neeg sib txawv. Qee tus kuj yuav muaj kev tsis taus nrog kev kawm, teeb meem kev noj qab haus huv lossis teeb meem ntsig txog xws li mloog tsis taus hyperactivity tsis meej (ADHD).

Lub autism spectrum tseem ua rau Asperger’s syndrome, uas cuam tshuam rau tib neeg ntawm kev txawj ntse nruab nrab lossis siab dua, uas tej zaum tseem muaj qee yam kev kawm nyuaj xws li kev nkag siab thiab ua cov lus.

“Asperger’s syndrome tsis tau cais los ntawm tsi txawj has lug – nws yog txhua yam ntawm tib qho mob,” piav qhia Povey. “Lub sij hawm feem ntau siv los piav qhia txog qhov muaj peev xwm ntau dua qhov kawg ntawm lub autistic spectrum.”

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Yuav kuaj li cas thiaj paub tus me nyuam autistic?

Txog thaum ib tus menyuam nce mus txog 7 xyoo, tus cwj pwm coj uas qhia tau hais tias tus mob autism thiab lwm yam kev muaj feem cuam tshuam (ASDs), xws li ADHD, muaj feem sib tshooj ua ke. Vim li no, qee yam kev kuaj mob qee zaum tseem tsis tau ua kom txog thaum ntawd.

Txawm li cas los xij, feem ntau cov menyuam yaus ntawm cov neeg tsis meej pem pom cov yeeb yam ntawm lub hnub nyoog 3 xyoos.

Povey hais tias “Peb xav pom qee yam cim hauv lub xyoo thaum ntxov, thaum menyuam yaus tab tom txhim kho lawv qhov kev sib raug zoo thiab kev txawj sib luag.

“Cov kws kho mob saib seb tus menyuam puas cuam tshuam nrog lwm tus neeg – txawm lawv ua si nrog lwm cov menyuam yaus thiab muaj peev xwm koom nrog kev muab-thiab-ua si, seb lawv nrhiav kev nplij siab los ntawm lwm tus, thiab saib lawv puas muaj peev xwm ua kom muaj kev phooj ywg.

“Lawv tseem saib ntawm tus menyuam lub peev xwm hais lus thiab kev sib raug zoo sib txuas lus (muaj peev xwm teb tau cov ntsiab lus sib raug zoo los ntawm lwm tus), suav nrog lub ntsej muag dav, suab ntawm lub suab, txais thiab hais lus, thiab pom lub qhov muag.

“Tej zaum tseem yuav muaj teeb meem nyob ib puag ncig rov ua dua thiab tus cwj pwm tsis tu ncua. Cov menyuam yaus uas tsis paub tus kheej feem ntau tsom ntsoov rau qee yam haujlwm thiab muaj kev ntxhov siab thaum hloov tej yam.

“Thaum kawg, thiab qhov no yog kev nkag siab tshiab, cov menyuam yaus ntawm lub tsi txawj has lug lub cev yuav muaj qhov sib txawv ntawm lawv cov phooj ywg. Lawv yuav dhau-lossis tsis raug rau lub teeb thiab kov, ua rau muaj kev ntxhov siab los ntawm txhua hnub nrov, lossis txawm tias pom kev ntxhib los mos ntawm tej khaub ncaws thiab zaub mov nyuaj. “

Ua rau kev cuam tshuam ntawm kev kawm

Hauv cov ntaub ntawv kawm hauv tsev kawm, cov menyuam yaus ntawm lub autism spectrum tuaj yeem tawm tsam nrog kev nkag siab, vim qhov xav tau tiag tiag thiab ploj cov ntsiab lus sib txawv uas muaj cov xwm txheej sib txawv. Hauv thaj chaw ua si, tus menyuam tsis tuaj yeem nkag siab txog txoj cai ntawm kev ua si, lossis xav tau sijhawm ntawm lawv tus kheej rau ‘kev ntxhov siab’ ua ntej rov qab nkag hauv chav kawm. Ib qho chaw ntsiag to uas lawv paub tias lawv tuaj yeem tawm mus tau yog qhov muaj txiaj ntsig zoo.

Txawm li cas los xij, nrog kev teeb tsa, paub txog kev txhawb nqa los ntawm cov kws qhia ntawv hauv chav kawm, cov pab qhia ntawv (TAs) thiab cov kws qhia kev kawm tshwj xeeb (SEN) cov tub ntxhais kawm, coob leej ntawm cov menyuam kawm tsis meej pem kawm paub ua tiav lub tsev kawm ntawv ib puag ncig – thiab txawm tias kawm tau zoo.

“SEN txhawb ntau yam los ntawm kev ua kom haum thiab cov hom phiaj tau muab tso rau kom muaj kwv yees li ntawm 13 teev ntawm 1: 1 kev txhawb nqa los ntawm TA,” piav qhia txog Amy O’Donovan, tus pab tus thawj coj thiab SEN tus thawj coj ntawm thawj lub tsev kawm ntawv hauv Surrey.

“Lwm cov menyuam yaus yuav tsum muaj Txoj Kev Npaj Khomob Qhia Kev Nojqab Haushuv thiab Txoj Kev Npaj Khomob uas tsimnyog hais tias yam kev pabcuam tshwjxeeb uas yuav tsum tau ua kom tau raws li qhov lawv xav tau.

“Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom txhua tus neeg ua haujlwm tau txais kev cob qhia ASD thiab paub cov tswv yim lawv tuaj yeem tso tawm.

“Cov no suav nrog kev pab pom xws li lub sijhawm ua haujlwm los txhawb kev nkag siab thiab kev siv thev naus laus zis los pab txhawb kev sau cia ntawm kev ua haujlwm, ntau ASD cov menyuam yaus tawm tsam nrog kev siv lub cev ntawm kev xuas tes sau. kom muaj txiaj ntsig zoo. “

Dab tsi yog Ritalin® siv rau?

Povey tau nrawm kho qhov teeb meem tsis sib xws uas cov tshuaj xws li Ritalin® tuaj yeem siv los kho tus mob tsis txawj hais lus.

Nws hais tias “Lub Koom Haum Hauv Tebchaws rau Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv thiab Kev Saib Xyuas Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv Zoo (NICE) cov lus qhia tau hais tias cov tshuaj xws li Ritalin® yuav tsum tsis txhob siv los kho ‘kho’ qhov tseem ceeb ntawm kev muaj autism,” nws hais. “Tsis muaj kev tiv thaiv tshuaj txaus los ntawm kev tshawb fawb pov thawj uas pom tias hloov hloov autism. Yog tias tus menyuam tau txais qee yam zoo li Ritalin®, ces feem ntau yog kho cov mob uas cuam tshuam xws li ADHD.

“Cov kws kho mob yuav tsum tau ceev faj heev hauv lawv txoj kev siv tshuaj vim tias nws yuav cuam tshuam cov menyuam yaus autistic sib txawv.”

Cov tswv yim hauv tsev thiab txhawb nqa

Cov niam txiv twg uas muaj me nyuam autistic tuaj yeem ua nyob hauv tsev?

O “Donovan hais tias” Kev pub sijhawm rau menyuam yaus so nrog kev nyiam ua si tom qab lawb ntawv tuaj yeem pab, ” “Lwm cov lus qhia suav nrog kev saib xyuas lub sijhawm thiab cov sijhawm qhia kev ua haujlwm nyob hauv tsev, thiab cov lus ceeb toom thaum hloov pauv; cov dab neeg sib tham kom pab cov menyuam tswj hwm cov xwm txheej xws li mus noj mov; thiab siv cov khoom siv xws li duab tsoos tsho uas lawv xav hnav. nyob rau hauv kev txiav txim nyob rau hauv uas lawv yuav tsum muab tso rau lawv.

“Nws tseem tsim nyog cov niam txiv tau koom nrog kev txhawb nqa pab pawg lossis kev kawm Cygnet los sib qhia cov lus qhia thiab cov tswv yim nrog ib leeg thiab muab kev txhawb nqa rau txhua tus.”

Povey pom zoo “Cov niam txiv feem ntau muaj kev sib cais, tab sis kev paub txog lwm tsev neeg nyob hauv tib qho xwm txheej yuav pab txhawb tau ntau yam.” “NAS muaj ceg nyob thoob tebchaws Askiv uas cov tsev neeg tau txais kev pab, kev txhawb nqa thiab ntaub ntawv.

“Cov tsev neeg uas muaj kev vam meej tshaj plaws ntawm kev tu menyuam yaus ntawm lub autistic spectrum yog cov neeg uas tsev neeg sib raug zoo muaj zog heev thiab tus menyuam autistic yog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm tsev neeg.

“Yog li nws tau hais txog kev paub koj tus menyuam thiab txaus siab rau lawv lub zog thiab kev nyuaj siab. Peb tau txav mus deb ntawm pom tsis muaj autism ua rau muaj mob thiab ntau yam ntxiv uas yog txoj kev sib txawv – ib qho uas zoo li muaj nuj nqis.”

Cov Cuab Yeej Noj Qab Haus Huv

Tus Me Txiv Kab Ntxwv phau

Cov lus qhia tswv yim los ntawm Newcastle Gateshead CCG txog kev pab cov menyuam yaus thiab cov menyuam yaus thaum lawv tsis zoo.

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