Txoj kev thev naus laus zis hloov pauv ntshav qab zib tau li cas


Txoj kev thev naus laus zis hloov pauv ntshav qab zib tau li cas

Ntau yam ntawm cov thev naus laus zis tshwm sim rau ntshav qab zib yog feem ntau rau cov ntshav qab zib hom 1 – piv txwv, kev saib xyuas cov piam thaj tas mus li thiab tshuaj insulin. Txawm li cas los xij, qee cov thev naus laus zis tshiab kuj tseem ceeb heev rau cov ntshav qab zib hom 2 – piv txwv, cov ntsuas rau kev paub txog ntshav qab zib thiab kuaj mob thaum ntxov ntawm qee qhov teeb meem ntawm ntshav qab zib.

Txhim kho cov kev kuaj ntshav qab zib

Tam sim no muaj cov thev naus laus zis uas tau siv los tsim cov cim rau kev paub txog ntshav qab zib thaum ntxov thiab rau kev txheeb xyuas qee qhov teeb meem ntawm cov ntshav qab zib xws li cov hlab ntsha puas hlwb (neuropathy).

Tseem muaj cov cuab yeej tshuaj xyuas uas tuaj yeem siv, xws li cov cuab yeej siv los tshuaj xyuas cov duab ntawm sab nraub qaum ntawm qhov muag (retina) thiab yog li muaj peev xwm ua kom paub txog kev muaj mob ntshav qab zib ua ntej.

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Nug: Kuv puas muaj ntshav qab zib?

Ntshav qab zib yog ib yam mob uas tswj tau, tab sis yog tsis kho nws yuav ua teeb meem loj. Sim peb xeem t …

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Txhim kho kev soj ntsuam ntawm cov piam thaj thiab ketones

Kev ib txwm saib xyuas ntshav qabzib tau samfwm siv cov lancets kom tau tso ntshav tawm mus rau hauv ib txoj hlab ntsuas. Kev tshuaj xyuas cov piam thaj tsis tu ncua tau dhau los ua kom pom cov duab ntawm cov ntshav qabzib ntau dua. Qhov ntsuas no yuav ntsuas cov ntshav qab zib kom thoob plaws nruab hnub thiab hmo ntuj siv qhov ntsuas me me electrode lossis glucose tso rau hauv qab daim tawv nqaij. Tus saib xyuas ceeb toom koj yog tias koj nyeem ntau dhau heev lossis qis. Qhov kev tshuaj xyuas tas mus li no ua rau nws hloov kho tau yooj yim ua ntej koj cov piam thaj hauv ntshav yuav nce siab lossis qis heev.

Cov kua nplaum lo lub ntsej muag muaj lub zeem muag loj thiab loj yav dhau los tab sis cov cuab yeej niaj hnub no tau dhau los ua kom yooj yim dua thiab siv tau yooj yim dua, nrog rau kev muab cov kev soj xyuas kom ntau. Feem ntau ntawm cov cuab yeej no tseem siv tau nrog Apple thiab lwm cov khoom siv dav siv. Ua piv txwv, iHealth Ntse Gluco-Kev Saib Xyuas Lub Nruab Nrab txuas wirelessly nrog koj lub smartphone kom muab cov ntaub ntawv muaj tseeb ntau dua uas tuaj yeem xa tawm yooj yim thiab faib rau koj tus kws kho mob.

Kev thev naus laus zis kuj ua kom yooj yim dua los khaws cov ntaub ntawv teev koj cov ntshav qab zib txhua hnub, kev noj zaub mov, kev siv dag zog thiab tshuaj noj. Piv txwv, iHealth Ntse Glucose Meter ua haujlwm nrog iHealth Gluco App, lub tuam txhab kev noj qab haus huv hauv xov tooj ntawm tes, pub rau cov neeg siv sau lawv cov haujlwm txhua hnub thiab lwm cov ntaub ntawv.

Apple tau tshaj tawm tias txoj cai tshiab hauv Bluetooth thov sib tham sib tham yuav tso cai rau cov neeg siv ntawm Apple Watch txuas cov cuab yeej txuas ncaj qha nrog cov piam thaj hauv lub siab los ntawm Dexcom.

Ib qho kua nplaum saib xyuas thaj (Freestyle Libre system) muaj nyob hauv Tebchaws Askiv. Lub thaj, nrog lub zog tso rau hauv qab daim tawv nqaij, tuaj yeem thov rau sab caj npab sab caj npab thiab txhua thaj ua rau ntev li ob lub lis piam. Cov ntshav qab zib nyeem tau tuaj yeem hloov mus rau lub xov tooj smartphone. Nws muaj cov ntiv tes kuaj tsis pom cov piam thaj tab sis, tsis zoo li kev saib xyuas cov piam thaj tas mus li, tsis tas yuav ceeb toom koj yog tias koj cov piam thaj hauv qis lossis siab dua.

Kev tshawb fawb rau cov yav tom ntej sensors tau txais ntau tshaj qhov zoo siab. Lub vev xaib yuav tsim tawm hauv Kaus Lim Qab Teb saib xyuas cov ntshav qab zib los ntawm kev soj ntsuam cov hws nyob ntawm koj cov tawv nqaij. Tsis tas li ntawd hauv kev txhim kho yog ‘cov thom khwm ntse’ uas siv qhov ntsuas kub ntawm qhov chaw txhawm rau txhawm rau pom thaj chaw o ntawm taw thiab xa ntawv ceeb toom rau mobile app, tiv thaiv kev raug mob ntxiv yog tias koj muaj mob puas nrog poob ntawm qhov hnov ​​zoo hauv koj txhais taw.

Tam sim no tseem muaj ntau cov biosensors los ntsuas thiab ua kom tiav cov ketone los pab cov neeg muaj ntshav qab zib hom 1 paub txog cov kev ua ketoacidosis sai npaum li cas.

Cov tshuaj insulin thiab cov twj tso tawm

Smart insulin cwjmem tau ua tiav uas tsis tsuas xam koj cov koob tshuaj xwb tabsis tseem teev thiab sau cov koob tshuaj los pab kom koj tsis txhob hnov ​​qab koj cov tshuaj insulin.

Txawm hais tias cov kua dej insulin muaj txij li xyoo 1990 los, kev siv thev naus laus zis tau txhim kho thiab ua rau lawv muaj tseeb dua thiab siv tau zoo. Cov twj tso kua mis hnav nyob ze rau hauv lub cev thiab tso tawm insulin raws li xav tau ntawm lub raj xa dej nyob hauv qab daim tawv nqaij. Cov tshuaj insulin niaj hnub muaj cov kab ntau ntawm cov ntsuas kom ntseeg tau tias muaj kev nyab xeeb thiab tswj kev xa cov tshuaj insulin.

Kev nce qib hauv ob qho kev kuaj xyuas ntshav qabzib thiab insulin tub cov thev naus laus zis yog tso cai muab cov tshuaj insulin zoo ib yam li cov txiav ua ke. Qhov no ua tau zoo ‘kev ua haujlwm txiav ua kab mob’ uas tuaj yeem xa cov tshuaj insulin raws li cov ntshav qabzib nyob rau qib qhia los ntawm cov ntsuas raug tseeb.

Thaum Lub Xya Hli 2015, Dr Edward Damiano ua tswvcuab iLet, tus kabmob bionic. Lub iLet yog cov muaj chav nyob nrog tes. Tus neeg siv hnav lub ntsej muag suab thaj txuas mus ntxiv rau ntawm lub cev. Qhov no xa cov ntshav qabzib ncaj qha mus rau iLet ntaus ntawv, uas muaj ob lub twj tso tawm hauv dej uas xa cov tshuaj insulin thiab glucagon. Qhov no muaj peev xwm los nqa cov piam thaj hauv nruab nrab mus rau qib uas yuav txo qhov kev pheej hmoo ntawm cov teeb meem ntev thiab txo qhov kev pheej hmoo ntawm hypos.

‘Smart Insulin’ tau tshawb fawb hauv tebchaws Askiv. Qhov no suav nrog cov tshuaj capsules uas mus thoob plaws lub cev thiab tso tawm cov insulin thaum lawv ntsib nrog cov ntshav qab zib ntau ntau.

Kev nqus pa insulins

Txawm hais tias nqus tau cov tshuaj insulins tshem tawm cov kev xav tau ntawm kev siv rab koob, lawv kom deb li deb tau ua rau muaj kev cuam tshuam loj.

Hauv xyoo 2006, Asmeskas Chaw Tswj Xyuas Khoom Noj thiab Tshuaj (FDA) tau pom zoo siv Exubera, ib hom tshuaj insulin uas nqus tsis tau. Xyoo 2007, Pfizer tshaj tawm tias nws yuav tsis tsim khoom lossis lag luam Exubera ntxiv lawm.

Thaum Lub Rau Hli 2014, FDA tau pom zoo Afrezza, ib qho ntxiv kev nqus pa sai ntawm cov kua dej. Xyoo 2014 Mannkind thiab Sanofi pom zoo tias Sanofi yuav los ua tus tsim thiab muag lag luam ntawm Afrezza, tab sis Sanofi tau hais tias nws tau tso tseg txoj kev mob siab rau Lub Ib Hlis 2016 vim tias muag khoom tsis zoo. Txawm li cas los xij, Afrezza tseem muaj.

Feem ntau, cov tshuaj insulins tau nqus cov dej sai sai dua li cov nqus dej subulinaneous txhaj tshuaj, nrog lub ntsej muag ceev dua. Yog li nqus tshuaj insulins yuav tsum tau siv nrog kev ua haujlwm ntev insulin.

Tsim kom muaj kev tu tshiab tshiab

Cov cuab yeej thev naus laus zis tseem txhim kho txoj kev kws kho mob sau, taug qab thiab txheeb xyuas cov ntaub ntawv los muab kev saib xyuas kom zoo dua. Cov tshuaj Telemedicine tuaj yeem muab rau kev thaj chaw deb kom muab ntau tus neeg mob tuaj yeem kho lawv. Hom kev saib xyuas no muab cov lus teb sai dua rau cov kev txhawj xeeb.

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