Yuav ua li cas kom tau dhau smear xeem kev ntshai


Yuav ua li cas kom tau dhau smear xeem kev ntshai

Yog lawm, kev caw no yuav tsis zoo li tantalizing li qee qhov ntawm lwm tus uas koj tau txais hauv kev xaib. Txawm li cas los xij, nws qhov tseem ceeb yuav tsum tsis txhob raug suav qis. Raws li kev siab hlub Jo’s Cervical Cancer Trust, hla koj qhov kev tshuaj ntsuam smear yog ib qho kev pheej hmoo loj tshaj plaws ntawm kev mob khees-xaws ncauj tsev menyuam.

“Kev kuaj mob ncauj tsev menyuam yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws kev tiv thaiv mob kheesxaws ncauj tsev menyuam vim tias nws yog kev sim tshuaj pom cov hlwb tsis zoo ntawm lub ncauj tsev menyuam ua ntej lawv tau tsim kho mob qog nqaij hlav rau ncauj tsev menyuam,” said Elisabeth Schuetz. “Nws txwv tsis pub 75% ntawm cov neeg mob los ntawm kev tsim kho thiab nws tau kwv yees tias qhov kev tshuaj ntsuam yuav cawm tau li 5,000 leej neeg nyob hauv tebchaws Askiv txhua xyoo.”

Hmoov tsis zoo, txawm hais tias lub neej zoo li no muaj peev xwm cawm tau, kev ntsuam xyuas smear yog qhov kev txhawj xeeb ntau rau ntau tus. Nyuam qhuav pib lub xyoo no, nws tau tshwm sim tias nyob ib ncig ntawm ib ntawm plaub tus poj niam tsim nyog rau kev kuaj mob smear tsis tau txais kev caw, nrog daim duab sawv los rau ib ntawm peb ntawm 25-29 xyoos. Shockingly, nyob rau qee qhov chaw hauv lub tebchaws, kev tuaj koom ntawm cov pab pawg hnub nyoog no tsawg dua ib nrab.

Thaum lub sijhawm poob koj qhov kev kuaj yog qhov kev xav tsis zoo rau lub hnub nyoog twg, nws tshwj xeeb tshaj yog ua rau cov poj niam hluas, uas tau dhau los ntawm kev mob siab tshaj plaws ntawm tus kab mobCov. Thaum mob cancer ntawm lub tsev menyuam yog qhov tsis tshua pom tshwm hauv cov hnub nyoog qis dua 25 xyoo, cov nqi nce siab hauv pawg hnub nyoog 25-29 thiab tom qab ntawd maj mam poob nrog lub hnub nyoog, ua ntej nce dua (txawm hais tias qib qis dua) tom qab lub hnub nyoog 65. Raws li kev sojntsuam los ntawm Jo Kev Mob Ncaws Pob Ncig Lub Zog, 61% ntawm cov poj niam hnub nyoog 25-35 tsis paub txog tias lawv tau nyob hauv pawg muaj hnub nyoog txaus nyiam tshaj plaws.

Vim li cas cov poj niam hle lawv qhov kev sim tshuaj?

Lub chaw xaiv tsa kuj tseem muaj ntau qhov laj thawj uas yog vim li cas cov poj niam tsis mus koom kev ntsuam xyuas smear. Qee tus muaj kev txhawj xeeb txog qhov tseeb – ntawm cov neeg uas tau ncua lawv qhov kev kuaj mob lossis tsis tuaj koom, ib feem plaub tau hais tias lawv pom tias nyuaj heev rau kev teem sijhawm, thiab 30% ntawm cov neeg uas tsis tau mus koom yog tsis paub yuav mus kuaj qhov twg. (Yuav luag txhua lub sijhawm, kev soj ntsuam yuav tshwm sim ntawm GP qhov kev phais, txawm hais tias nyob rau ntau qhov chaw ntawm UK koj tuaj yeem mus rau kev noj qab haus huv kev sib deev lossis chaw kho mob phiaj xwm kev sib koom ua ke hloov chaw.)

Txog lwm tus, cov teeb meem tau tshwm sim ntawm tus kheej. Ntawm txhua tus poj niam uas raug xaiv, 35% tau txaj muag mus koom vim lawv lub cev nyhav lossis lub cev zoo nkauj, 34% vim tias lawv tsis nyiam qhov lawv qhov chaw mos ua, thiab 38% vim tias lawv txhawj xeeb txog qhov muaj qhov tsis hnov ​​tsw.

Schuetz hais tias “Vim li cas cov poj niam tsis mus koom lawv txoj kev kuaj mob ncauj tsev menyuam yog muaj sib txawv thiab tuaj yeem ua qhov nyuaj,” “Qee tus poj niam txaj muag, qee tus tsis paub tias yuav muaj dab tsi los yog dab tsi yog twv, thiab qee tus tau ntshai ntawm cov txiaj ntsig.”

Nws hais ntxiv tias lwm tus poj niam tej zaum yuav muaj qhov ua tsis zoo dhau los uas ua rau lawv tso tseg. Hais txog saum toj no, cov uas muaj kev paub txog kev sib daj sib deev tuaj yeem nrhiav qhov kev sim nyuaj heev (Jo Kev Mob Lub Ncauj Ntawm Kev Mob Hlwb muaj ib qho zoo tshaj plaws blog xa cov lus qhia tswv yim hauv qhov xwm txheej no), thiab cov neeg uas lub cev tsis taus yuav muaj teeb meem mus koom kev teem sijhawm ntawm lawv GP.

Dab tsi tshwm sim

Yog li dab tsi thiaj li ntsuas tau koom? Raws li Schuetz piav qhia, lub sijhawm teem nws tus kheej yuav tsum siv sijhawm tsis pub dhau 20 feeb, nrog cov txheej txheem nws tus kheej tsuas yog siv peb feeb. Nco ntsoov tseg sijhawm ntau kom txog sijhawm koj mus ntsib, kom koj tsis txhob maj.

“Hauv tebchaws Askiv, kev saib mob cov neeg tu mob coj mus kuaj feem ntau ntawm cov ncauj lus kuaj mob ncauj tsev menyuam, txawm hais tias qee zaum nws yuav siv los ntawm GP,” nws hais. “Koj tuaj yeem thov ib tus poj niam tus kws ntsuas qauv yog tias koj xav tau. Ua ntej pib txheej txheem tus kws saib xyuas neeg mob yuav tsum piav qhia tias yuav muaj dab tsi tshwm sim thiab tom qab yuav ua dab tsi ntxiv – siv lub sijhawm no los nug cov lus nug lossis qhia txog kev txhawj xeeb.”

Ua ntej, koj yuav kom koj hle ris tsho los ntawm lub duav rov sauv (qee tus poj niam nyiam hnav daim tiab, vim nws txhais tau tias koj tsuas yog yuav tsum tau hle koj lub hauv caug) thiab pw saum txaj soj ntsuam sab nraub qaum. Koj tuaj yeem ua rau koj ob txhais ceg nyom, lossis khaws koj cov qij taws ua ke thiab lub hauv caug sib nrug. Daim ntawv ntawv yuav muab tso rau hauv qis ib nrab ntawm koj lub cev.

Dr Sarah Jarvis, GP thiab tus thawjcoj saib xyuas cov neeg mob Patient.info tawm tswv yim: “Kuv ib txwm nrog tus pojniam tham uantej yog tias nws xav kom kuv qhia nws meej meej tias kuv ua dabtsi thaum kuv mus. Kuv pom qee tus pojniam nyiam ntau dua. ceev faj cov lus qhia, thaum lwm tus qhia kuv paub qhov kev paub meej tsuas yog ua rau lawv ceeb ntxiv. “

Xav txog ua ntej uas koj yuav xav tau thiab qhia koj tus kws tu neeg mob lossis tus kws kho mob paub ua ntej lawv pib.

“Tus nais maum xyaum yuav tom qab ntawd ntxig lub cuab tam uas hu ua speculum rau hauv qhov chaw mos. Qee tus kws kho mob yuav siv cov roj nplua nyeem rau ntawm qhov kev kawm, uas yuav ua rau nws nkag tau yooj yim dua,” Schuetz hais. Schuetz hais tias “Lub tswv yim kev kawm yuav maj mam qhib sab hauv qhov chaw mos, tso cai rau tus nais maum kom pom lub ncauj tsev menyuam. Hais tias Schuetz. Tus txhuam hniav tshwj xeeb yog siv los coj cov hnoos qeev los ntawm koj lub ncauj tsev menyuam. Cov no raug raus hauv lub ntsej muag ntawm cov kua los pab khaws cia rau lawv thiab tom qab ntawd ntsia rau hauv lub tshuab tsom rau hauv chav kuaj. “

Txawm hais tias koj yuav ntsib qee qhov tsis xis nyob, qhov kev sim yuav tsum tsis txhob mob. Txij li cov speculums tuaj nyob rau ntau qhov ntau thiab tsawg, koj tuaj yeem nug kom muaj qhov me me yog tias koj tsis xis nyob. Koj tuaj yeem hais kom tus nais maum nres thaum twg los tau thaum kuaj.

Thaum qhov kev ntsuam xyuas tiav, nws yog lub tswv yim zoo kom nug thaum koj cov txiaj ntsig xav tau thiab koj yuav tsum ua dab tsi kom tau txais lawv (zoo li qee kis koj yuav tau hu koj tus GP).

Ntawm 90-94% ntawm cov txiaj ntsig tau rov los zoo li qub, tab sis yog tias pom qhov txawv txav, tsis tas yuav txhawj xeeb – feem ntau ntawm cov poj niam hauv txoj haujlwm no tsuas yog muaj qee qhov hloov hauv lub ncauj tsev menyuam. Qee qhov xwm txheej no, koj yuav raug caw rov tuaj kuaj mob hu ua colposcopy uas yuav pab txiav txim siab seb koj puas xav tau kev kho mob. Raws li British Society rau Colposcopy thiab Cervical Pathology, tsuas yog 1% ntawm cov poj niam uas kuaj tsis pom muaj mob qog nqaij hlav ncauj tsev menyuam.

Soj ntsuam nrog koj cov kev txhawj xeeb

Thaum koj cov kev ntxhov siab yuav ntxhov siab rau tus kheej, qhov zoo tshaj plaws yog ua yog teem sijhawm tsis tuaj yeem thiab tom qab sib tham txog tej kev txhawj xeeb nrog tus kws saib xyuas neeg mob.

Schuetz hais tias “Yog tias nws yog koj thawj zaug, koj poob siab lossis koj tau ntsib kev tsis zoo yav dhau los, qhia rau koj tus kws ntsuas phau ntawv,” hais tias. “Tus Xov Xwm Jo Cervical Cancer Trustline (0808 802 8000) kuj tseem qhib feem ntau hnub yog tias koj xav tham txog koj qhov kev kuaj mob. Peb kuj tseem muaj ib zaj yeeb yaj kiab hu ua ‘Koj Phau Ntawv Qhia Kev Kuaj Ncaj Qha Rau Menyuam (smear test)’ uas qhia ntxiv txog dab tsi yuav tshwm sim. “

Yog tias koj txhawj xeeb tshwj xeeb, nws yog lub tswv yim zoo kom coj ib tus txheeb ze lossis phooj ywg nrog koj rau kev txhawb nqa, lossis txawm tias yuav teem caij rau ob zaug kom koj muaj sijhawm ntau los sib tham txog koj qhov kev ntshai nrog tus nais maum thiab rov qab koj lub poise tom qab kuaj Cov.

Thaum tsis muaj leej twg xyov nyiam lawv qhov kev sim tshuaj pleev, nws yog tus kws tu neeg mob txoj haujlwm ua kom koj xis nyob li sai tau, khaws koj lub meej mom thiab pab tso koj lub siab thaum so.

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