Yuav ua li cas txiav luam yeeb haus luam yeeb thaum cev xeeb tub


Yuav ua li cas txiav luam yeeb haus luam yeeb thaum cev xeeb tub

Cov neeg haus luam yeeb hauv tebchaws Askiv tau poob qis, nrog 5.9 lab tus tib neeg haus luam yeeb piv rau 7.7 lab hauv xyoo 2011. Raws li NHS Askiv, txawm tias, ntau tshaj 61,000 tus pojniam xeeb tub tseem haus luam yeeb xyoo tas los ntawm lub sijhawm uas lawv yug.

Clare Livingstone, tus kws tshaj lij tus kws tshaj lij txoj haujlwm ntawm Royal College of Midwives hais tias, “Peb paub tias nws tau ua rau muaj kev puas tsuaj tiag tiag thiab ua rau muaj kev pheej hmoo ntxiv, tuag ntxov thiab tuag sai ntawm qhov mob tuag (cot tuag),”.

“Nws tsis tuaj yeem mob heev ntxiv thiab peb xav nrhiav txoj hauv kev kom tsis txhob muaj kev phom sij rau cov poj niam thiab lawv tsev neeg.”

Txhua tus luam yeeb muaj ntau tshaj 5,000 yam tshuaj lom neeg, nrog rau cov nicotine, uas muaj cawv heev. Ntau yam tshuaj lom neeg ua rau mob qog noj ntshav thiab lwm yam muaj kuab lom, suav nrog hydrogen cyanide, ammonia thiab carbon monoxide, uas tsim kev puas tsuaj rau tus menyuam kev loj hlob.

Cov neeg haus luam yeeb tseem tuaj yeem txwv cov pa oxygen tseem ceeb rau koj tus menyuam thiab vim li ntawd, lawv lub siab yuav tsum sib zog sib zog txhua zaus koj haus luam yeeb.

Thaum koj txiav kev haus luam yeeb, nws tam sim ntawd pab koj thiab koj tus menyuam thiab yuav txo qhov kev pheej hmoo muaj teeb meem hauv kev xeeb tub thiab yug menyuam. Koj yuav muaj kev nyab xeeb rau cev xeeb tub thiab yug menyuam, thiab kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev yug menyuam thiab yug ua ntej – uas tuaj yeem tsim teeb meem rau kev pub mis thiab ua pa – yuav txo qis. Ib qho ntxiv, tus menyuam yuav yug los qis dua, uas tuaj yeem ua rau menyuam nquag muaj mob.

Cov pa luam yeeb thib ob, los ntawm tus khub lossis lwm tus neeg hauv tsev neeg, tuaj yeem cuam tshuam rau leej niam thiab tus menyuam, ua rau muaj kev pheej hmoo ntawm cot tuag. Raws li NHS, cov menyuam yaus uas lawv niam thiab txiv haus luam yeeb feem ntau yuav tau mus pw hauv tsev kho mob rau mob ntsws thiab mob ntsws thaum lawv thawj xyoo.

Sab laj rau ntawv txiav kev haus luam yeeb

Xav txiav luam yeeb? Niaj hnub no, teem ib txoj kev haus luam yeeb nrog koj tus kws muag tshuaj hauv zej zog.

Phau ntawv tam sim no

Vim li cas cov poj niam tseem haus luam yeeb thaum muaj menyuam hauv plab?

“Muaj hnab ris ntawm nws qhov twg kev haus luam yeeb hauv cev xeeb tub muaj ntau dua,” hais ntawm Livingstone. “Thiab nws yuav dhau los ua tsis muaj kev xav tsis thoob tias cov no yog thaj chaw ntawm kev tsis txaus siab vim tias nws tau cuam tshuam nrog qhov ntawd thiab kev noj kev haus zoo rau lub zog.”

Kev tshawb fawb los ntawm NHS qhia tias ib ntawm tsib tus poj niam cev xeeb tub hauv Blackpool, Corby, Durham thiab Mansfield yog cov haus luam yeeb. Qhov qis dua tau nyob hauv thaj av London, nrog tsawg dua ib ntawm 20 haus luam yeeb.

“Qhov tseeb tiag yog tias cov poj niam muaj ntau yam kev cov nyom hauv lawv lub neej thiab qee qhov yuav tuaj yeem ua ntej,” nws hais ntxiv. “Thaum lawv muaj teeb meem nyuaj uas lawv cuam tshuam nrog, cov lus qhia txog kev haus luam yeeb tsis tau txais. Kuv xav tias nws yog qhov tseem ceeb uas peb tsis txhob liam thiab peb tsis txiav txim rau pojniam, tabsis lawv yuav tsum paub qhov tseeb.”


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Yuav txiav luam yeeb li cas

Txiav kev haus luam yeeb tuaj yeem nyuaj heev, tab sis rau qee tus, kev xeeb tub yog lub zog txhawb kom tsis txhob ua haujlwm. Anucyia Victor, 39, tawm haujlwm thaum nws paub tias nws tau xeeb tub hauv 2015.

“Kuv txiav luam yeeb vim kuv tsis xav ua rau kuv tus menyuam hauv plab raug xwm txheej lossis ua rau muaj kev phom sij rau lawv txoj kev noj qab nyob zoo. Kuv tau nchuav me nyuam ua ntej (Kuv kuj txiav luam yeeb tom qab tab sis pib ua haujlwm tom qab kuv nchuav me nyuam tas) thiab kuv xav tau kom paub tseeb tias kuv tau nyob ntawm kuv txoj kev xaiv noj qab haus huv thiab zoo tshaj plaws thoob plaws lub sijhawm xeeb tub, “nws hais.

“Kuv yog tus neeg haus luam yeeb 12-hnub-hnub, yog tus neeg uas haus luam yeeb thawj zaug thaum sawv ntxov, kawg nyob rau hmo ntuj thiab muaj sia nyob zoo nkauj ntawm caffeine thiab nicotine. Kuv tau haus luam yeeb tawg thaum ua haujlwm thiab yuav taws lub teeb chaw tos npav, taug kev hauv tsev lossis cia li tos lub sijhawm teem sijhawm. “

Victor kev xav ntawm kev haus luam yeeb yuav nyuaj heev, tab sis nws pom tias nws tsis phem dhau. Nws tau hais tias “Kuv tau muab tawm sai li sai tau thaum kuv pom tias kuv tau xeeb tub lawm thiab kuv tsis tau haus luam yeeb txij thaum ntawd los,” “Kuv twv kuv txiav txim siab tso cov kev noj qab haus huv rau lwm tus neeg ua ntej.”

Nws muaj ntau txoj hauv kev los txiav luam yeeb yog koj xav tau kev pab. “Nws yog txog kev ntseeg siab. Qee tus poj niam tsis xav tias lawv tuaj yeem tso tseg, thiab lawv yuav tsum paub tias nws muaj peev xwm ua tau thiab cov poj niam tuaj yeem ua tiav nws tau zoo,”

“Muaj cov kev pabcuam zoo tiag tiag sab nrauv uas yuav pab lawv hloov lawv tus cwj pwm. Thiab seb qhov ntawd puas yog kho kev coj cwj pwm thiab kev txhawb nqa zoo tiag tiag, thiab / lossis nrog cov kev hloov pauv tshuaj nicotine.”

Kev hloov tshuaj nicotine

Koj tuaj yeem siv cov kev hloov pauv nicotine (NRT) cov khoom, xws li cov ntaub qhwv, thaum cev xeeb tub yog tias nws yuav pab koj txiav kev haus luam yeeb. Lawv tsuas yog muaj cov nicotine nkaus xwb thiab tsis muaj lwm yam tshuaj phem hauv luam yeeb, yog li NRT yog qhov kev xaiv zoo dua li txuas ntxiv haus luam yeeb. Nws pab koj los ntawm muab cov nicotine rau koj uas koj yuav muaj los ntawm luam yeeb.

Koj tuaj yeem yog tus NRT noj thaum cev xeeb tub los ntawm koj tus kws kho mob lossis NHS tus kws tshaj lij haus luam yeeb. Koj tuaj yeem yuav nws hauv cov txee uas tsis muaj tshuaj los ntawm lub tsev muag tshuaj, thiab nws muaj raws li thaj ua rau thaj, pos hniav, tshuaj txau, tshuaj txau qhov ncauj, tshuaj txau qhov ncauj, tshuaj pleev qhov ncauj, lozenges lossis microtabs. Ua ntej siv ib qho twg ntawm cov khoom lag luam no, tham nrog kws pab yug menyuam, GP, tus kws muag tshuaj lossis cov kws pab thum luam yeeb.

Txawm li cas los xij, nws tsis pom zoo kom koj noj cov ntsiav tshuaj haus luam yeeb xws li Champix lossis Zyban thaum cev xeeb tub. Cov poj niam cev xeeb tub tau qhia kom tsis txhob haus cov dej muaj tshuaj muaj yees nicotine ntau dhau.

Cov e-luam yeeb puas muaj kev nyab xeeb thaum cev xeeb tub?

E-luam yeeb tso cai rau koj nqus cov nicotine tawm ntawm cov pa uas tsis yog haus luam yeeb, thiab lawv tsis tsim cov roj carbon monoxide thiab carbon monoxide. Txawm hais tias vapor los ntawm cov luam yeeb e-luam yeeb muaj qee cov tshuaj tsis zoo uas muaj nyob hauv cov pa luam yeeb, nws tseem nyob qis dua.

Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom nco ntsoov tias e-luam yeeb yog qhov tshiab heev thiab tseem muaj qee yam peb tsis tau paub. Livingstone hais ntxiv tias peb tsis tuaj yeem ntseeg tias lawv tsis muaj kev pheej hmoo, tab sis cov pov thawj tam sim no ntawm e-luam yeeb qhia tias lawv muaj kev pheej hmoo tsawg dua (95% tsawg dua) dua li haus luam yeeb.

Vicky Salt, tus thawj tswjfwm kev ua haujlwm ntawm Kev Txiav Luam Yeeb thiab Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv (ASH) ntxiv: “Tam sim no E-luam yeeb yog cov kev pab nrov tshaj plaws los txiav kev haus luam yeeb hauv tebchaws Askiv. Lub Tsev Kawm Qib Siab Ob Leeg thiab Kuaj Kho Mob – yog tias cov khoom no tsis tshua muaj kev phom sij rau cov poj niam cev xeeb tub thiab menyuam mos dua li txuas ntxiv haus luam yeeb thiab tus poj niam uas xaiv siv los txiav luam yeeb lossis tsis haus luam yeeb yuav tsum tau txais kev txhawb nqa kom ua tau. “

Cov kev pabcuam NHS

Ntshav hais tias “Kev txiav luam yeeb yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws uas ib tus poj niam cev xeeb tub tuaj yeem ua rau nws thiab nws tus menyuam txoj kev noj qab haus huv,” “Yog tias koj tab tom txiav luam yeeb, koj yuav muaj peev xwm ua tiav peb zaug ntau dua los ntawm kev txhawb nqa los ntawm NHS Nres Kev Haus Luam Yeeb. Cov kev pabcuam hauv zos no muab kev pab txhawb tus cwj pwm thiab nkag mus rau kev hloov tshuaj nicotine lossis tshuaj siv los pab koj txiav luam yeeb.”

NHS Pabcuam Kev Haus Luam Yeeb muaj peev xwm qhia ib-rau-ib lossis pab pawg nrog cov neeg tawm tswv yim pab txiav luam yeeb thiab tej zaum tseem muaj cov kws tshaj lij thum haus luam yeeb. Txhawm rau nrhiav koj cov nyob ze NHS Txiav Kev Haus Luam Yeeb tham nrog koj tus kws pab yug menyuam, tus kws kho mob, tus kws saib xyuas neeg mob lossis kws muag tshuaj.

Tus NHS Smokefree tus xov tooj ntawm 0300 123 1044 muaj kev pab dawb, txhawb nqa thiab tawm tswv yim txog kev txiav luam yeeb thiab tuaj yeem muab cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov kev pabcuam hauv zos. Livingstone hais tias “Cov kev pabcuam haus luamyeeb tsis muaj nyob hauv kev xaiv no, yog li thaum cov pojniam xeebtub lawv yuav tau txais cov kev pabcuam ntawd,”

“Muaj cov kws pab yug menyuam tshwj xeeb uas muab cov kev pab txiav luam yeeb ua ke nrog lawv cov kev pabcuam thaum yug menyuam, thiab qhov ntawd tau koom nrog thiab muaj kev mob siab rau cov pojniam no vim tias ib feem ntawm nws yog los tsim kev ntseeg siab nrog cov pojniam no thiab nkag siab txog lawv cov teebmeem yog dabtsi. . “

Cov poj niam tseem raug kuaj xyuas thaum cev xeeb tub rau cov pa roj carbon monoxide, Livingstone piav qhia. “Yog li thaum lawv lub sijhawm teem tseg, lawv yuav raug nug kom tawg rau qee yam uas zoo li lub tshuab ua pa. Nws yuav qhia tias koj tau haus luam yeeb koj tus kheej, tab sis nws tseem yuav qhia txog cov teebmeem ntawm cov pa luam yeeb.

“Nws kuj ua rau mob siab me ntsis. Yog tias lawv txiav luam yeeb lawv tuaj yeem pom cov kev nyeem ntawv tsis nyob ntawd.”

Txoj kev ua neej hloov

Lwm yam kev pauv hloov hauv lub neej tuaj yeem txo qis kev nqhis dej ib yam nkaus. Koj tuaj yeem koom qee yam xwm txheej lossis sijhawm nyob rau hnub nrog kev haus luam yeeb, xws li taug kev mus ua haujlwm, yog li nws tuaj yeem pab ua ntau yam hauv lub sijhawm no. Kev tawm dag zog thiab kev tawm dag zog tseem tuaj yeem txo qis kev nqhis cov nicotine.

Nws kuj tseem pab npaj tau kom xav haus luam yeeb thaum muaj kev lom zem tshwj xeeb, xws li hnub so, tab sis sim ua kom tsis txhob muaj lub siab haus luam yeeb – nco ntsoov tias kev nqhis yuav dhau.

Nrhiav kev pab los ntawm tsev neeg

Nws yooj yim tshaj los txiav luam yeeb yog lwm tus neeg nyob ib puag ncig koj tsis haus luam yeeb ib yam nkaus. Nws kuj tseem ceeb kom tsis txhob muaj cov pa luam yeeb, uas tuaj yeem tsim kev puas tsuaj rau lub cev xeeb tub.

“Yog tias muaj lwm tus neeg hauv tsev neeg haus luam yeeb, txhua tus yuav tsum tsum thiab txiav luam yeeb ua ke. Nws yog qhov nyuaj rau ib tus neeg muab yog tias cov neeg hauv tsev neeg tau haus luam yeeb,” Livingstone hais. “Cev xeeb tub yog lub sijhawm rau tag nrho tsev neeg kom hloov.”

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