Yuav tiv thaiv cov nyom ntau tshaj qhov raug luam yeeb li cas


Yuav tiv thaiv cov nyom ntau tshaj qhov raug luam yeeb li cas

Kev tawm tsam nrog kev tshem tawm nicotine raws li txhua qhov nyob ib puag ncig koj muab rau kev ntxias, seb nws yuav haus luam yeeb, dej cawv lossis zaub mov (lossis tag nrho peb), yog qhov nyuaj, tab sis kev kawm paub ua ntej paub thiab tom qab ntawd ua tiav nrog txhua yam uas ua rau koj txoj kev mob siab nicotine tuaj yeem yog cov kauj ruam tseem ceeb. rau kev txiav luam yeeb rau qhov zoo.

Txoj kev ntshaw mus yog dab tsi?

Kev siv tshuaj lom rau Nicotine tuaj yeem txhais tau tias yog kev txhawb nqa lub zog ntawm cov luam yeeb, cov txheej txheem nyuaj uas cuam tshuam nrog kev tshem tawm tshuaj hauv lub hlwb, nrog rau kev sib raug zoo lossis lub siab xav haus luam yeeb.

Dr Daniel Fenton uas yog ib tug kws kho mob nyob hauv London Cov Kws Kho Mob hais tias, “Lub cev thiab txoj kev xav ntawm kev ntshaw mus tau zoo sib xws heev.

Nicotine hloov pauv qhov sib npaug ntawm ob qho tshuaj, dopamine thiab noradrenaline, hauv lub hlwb. Qhov no tshwm sim sai sai ua rau muaj kev txaus siab, txo kev ntxhov siab thiab ntxhov siab, thiab hloov cov qib siab – thiab yog qhov tseem ceeb vim li cas ntau tus neeg haus luam yeeb nyiam thiab ua nyob rau ntawm cov nicotine ‘maj’.

“Raws li nrog rau lwm yam tshuaj, nicotine muaj ib tug lej ntawm receptors hauv lub hlwb,” piav qhia Fenton. “Thaum koj haus luam yeeb, cov receptors uas muaj cov nicotine thiab thaum koj tso tseg lawv dhau los ua yam tsis txaus siab, ua rau lub cev tawm ntawm lub cev thaum lub sijhawm koj ntshaw lossis xav tau cov tshuaj.

“Cov neeg yuav nquag yws ntawm kev xav ntawm ntug, ntxhov siab lossis ntxhov siab ntau dua yog tsis muaj nws, piv txwv.”

Patient.info Saib tag nrho

E-luam yeeb txuas rau lub plawv mob plawv

Cov kws tshawb fawb tau xaus lus tias vaping nce plawv kev pheej hmoo, raws li kev tshawb nrhiav tshiab. …

2min

  • E-luam yeeb txuas rau lub plawv mob plawv

    E-luam yeeb txuas rau lub plawv mob plawv

    2min

  • E-luam yeeb muaj kev cuam tshuam kev mob ntsws hauv cov nas

    E-luam yeeb muaj kev cuam tshuam kev mob ntsws hauv cov nas

    3ming

  • Askiv puas yuav haus luam yeeb tsis pub dhau 2030?

    Askiv puas yuav haus luam yeeb tsis pub dhau 2030?

    6min

  • Tsoomfwv Meskas cov tub ntxhais hluas uas siv e-luam yeeb yog cov muaj feem ntau sim cannabis

    Tsoomfwv Meskas cov tub ntxhais hluas uas siv e-luam yeeb yog cov muaj feem ntau sim cannabis

    2min

Ceevfaj koj qhov kev sim

Feem ntau cov kev nqhis khoom feem ntau poob rau hauv ib ntawm plaub yam: cov kev xav hauv siab, qauv tshwm sim, kev sib raug zoo hauv zej zog thiab tshem tawm cov txiaj ntsig.

Tsis txaus ntseeg, ib qho ntawm cov kev sib raug zoo tshaj plaws rau cov neeg haus luam yeeb xwm yeem yog saib lwm tus neeg haus luam yeeb. Pom lwm tus neeg nqa luam yeeb mus rau lawv lub qhov ncauj yuav ntaug zuj zus kev nqhis nqhis ib yam li pa luam yeeb.

Cov qauv tshwm sim xws li haus cawv yog lwm qhov muaj txiaj ntsig zoo, txhais tau hais tias ob tog thiab cov koom txoos hauv zej zog tuaj yeem yog kev ua kom zoo siab tsis yog kev txaus siab rau ntau tus neeg haus luam yeeb uas xav txiav luam yeeb.

Fenton hais ntxiv tias, “Kev haus cawv thiab haus luam yeeb zoo nkaus li sib tuav tes thiab qhov ntawd ua rau muaj kev ntshaw mus, tshwj xeeb yog cov neeg haus luam yeeb,”

Kev xav hauv lub siab xws li kev ntxhov siab tom chaw haujlwm, hauv tsev lossis hauv lub neej feem ntau kuj tseem tuaj yeem ua rau nicotine cravings, tuaj yeem ua rau lub cev tawm tom qab tsis haus luam yeeb rau qee lub sijhawm.

Cov tswv yim daws

Txiav kev haus luam yeeb thaum xub thawj yuav xav tau qee yam kev hloov kho luv luv rau koj lub neej thiab neeg txhua hnub, tab sis nws tsim nyog. Nco ntsoov, kev ntshaw mus yog ib zaug sai heev – sib sib zog nqus pa thiab tos kom lawv dhau.

Tham nrog phooj ywg lossis tsev neeg txog koj txoj kev mob siab, ua kev tawm dag zog thiab siv kev tawm dag zog ua pa yog peb txoj kev yooj yim tab sis muaj txiaj ntsig ntawm kev daws cov teeb meem kev xav.

Kev tawm tsam tus qauv ua los ntawm kev rov ua koj li niaj hnub – piv txwv li, yog tias koj koom nrog kev haus luam yeeb nrog haus koj haus kas fes thaum sawv ntxov, noj nws lub sijhawm sib txawv ntawm ib hnub – lossis nrhiav kev hloov pauv xws li zom zom lossis siv e-luam yeeb.

Txoj kev ua rau tib neeg tuaj yeem yog qhov nyuaj tshwj xeeb. Sim ua kom tsis txhob muaj cov chaw uas neeg haus luam yeeb, thiab hais kom koj cov phooj ywg tsis txhob haus luam yeeb ib ncig ntawm koj. Qhia rau koj cov phooj ywg thiab tsev neeg tias koj tau tawm haujlwm thiab thov kev pab txhawb nqa.

Kev cuam tshuam tuaj yeem pab txo qis kev tshwm sim ntawm kev rho tawm tawm, tab sis kev hloov kho nicotine (NRT) kuj tseem yuav yog rau koj.

Fenton hais tias “Nco ntsoov, tsis tas yuav tsum ua nws ib leeg xwb,”. “Nicotine thaj ua rau thaj, cov pos hniav nicotine, vaping, cov tshuaj noj: cov no yog txhua qhov tseem ceeb hauv qhov lawv tso cai rau koj los hloov cov nicotine hauv cov koob tshuaj qis – txo tus tsoomfwv, yog li koj tsis tau txais qhov tsis zoo tshwm sim ntawm kev tshem tawm nicotine , lossis cuam tshuam los ntawm kev luam yeeb thiab tshuaj lom neeg. “

Cov tshuaj uas GPs thiab haus luam yeeb cov kws pab txiav luam yeeb tuaj yeem muab tshuaj, xws li varenicline (Champix), tsom lub nicotine receptors hauv lub hlwb – tsis li tawm tsam tsuas yog thaiv qhov kev xav tau ntawm nicotine – thiab tseem muaj pov thawj pom tias muaj txiaj ntsig zoo rau kev ua kom lub siab nqig.

Fenton hais tias “Pom tus kws kho mob lossis haus luam yeeb tus kws pab tswv yim kom sai li sai tau thaum koj pib xav txog kev txiav luam yeeb. Kev siv tshuaj yuav siv tau thaum pib txiav luam yeeb, zoo heev thiab muaj kev nyab xeeb rau feem coob, thiab tuaj yeem ua haujlwm tau zoo,” “Nws yog hais txog kev sab laj nrog tus neeg ntawd lawv xav ua dab tsi. Tib neeg feem ntau siv thaj ua rau thaj thiab cov pos hniav, piv txwv li, thawj zaug thiab tom qab ntawd pom lawv cov GP rau cov tshuaj.”

Kev sib tw thiab lub ntsej muag

Ib qho riam phom zoo tshaj plaws hauv ib qho cuab yeej ua rog thaum hais txog txiav luam yeeb thiab daws qhov teeb meem txuas ntxiv mus tsis muaj nyob ntawm lub tsev muag tshuaj lub khw.

Tseeb xav tau txwv – tsis txhob cia siab lossis sim ua – txuas nrog sheer lub zog loj heev ua kom koj muaj feem cuam tshuam txog cov kev ntshaw mus thiab ua rau lawv mob ntxiv, thiab txiav luam yeeb rau qhov zoo.

Txawm li cas los xij, kev tshawb fawb los ntawm NHS qhia tias tsuas yog 3 ntawm txhua 100 tus neeg haus luam yeeb tswj kom tsis txhob haus luam yeeb mus tas li los ntawm kev mus ‘qaib ntxhw txias’.

“Muaj ntau dua li rau lab tus neeg haus luam yeeb hauv tebchaws Askiv thiab rau hauv kaum tus xav txiav luam yeeb, tab sis ntau tus sim siv lub hwj chim ib leeg – lossis ‘qaib ntxhw txias” – txawm hais tias qhov no ua tau zoo tshaj, “kev haus luam yeeb tswj hwm ntawm Public Health England (PHE).

Raws li PHE, kev siv e-luam yeeb – los ntawm ib ncig ntawm 2.5 lab tus neeg laus hauv tebchaws Askiv – tau pab ntau txhiab tus neeg txiav luam yeeb tiav. Dab tsi ntxiv, kev ntsuam xyuas e-luam yeeb pov thawj ywj siab uas tau teev tseg los ntawm Public Health England tau pom tias e-luam yeeb yog tsawg kawg 95% tsawg dua kev phom sij ntawm kev haus luam yeeb. Txawm li cas los hauv kev tshawb fawb txog 1,720 tus neeg haus luam yeeb thiab tus neeg haus luam yeeb yav dhau los tau nyiaj los ntawm Cancer Research UK, ze li ib nrab tsis paub tias ‘vaping’ tsis muaj kev phom sij dua li haus luam yeeb.

“Siv cov kev pab txiav luam yeeb xws li e-luam yeeb lossis lwm hom kev hloov pauv nicotine, xws li cov kab xo, tuaj yeem nce txoj hauv kev los txiav luam yeeb tau zoo, tshwj xeeb thaum sib txuas nrog kev txhawb nqa lub ntsej muag,” hais tias Dockrell.

“Tam sim no E-luam yeeb yog txoj kev nrov tshaj plaws los txiav luam yeeb hauv tebchaws Askiv thiab txiav kev pabcuam haus luam yeeb tseem yog txoj kev zoo tshaj plaws ntawm kev tso tseg – nrog cov neeg haus luam yeeb siv ob qho tib si muaj qhov ua tau zoo tshaj plaws.”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *