Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv mob HPV tuaj yeem yog ib hnub tshem tawm txoj kev mob qog nqaij hlav ncauj tsev menyuam


Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv mob HPV tuaj yeem yog ib hnub tshem tawm txoj kev mob qog nqaij hlav ncauj tsev menyuam

Ib txoj kev tshawb nrhiav tshiab luam tawm hauv Lancet tau tshawb xyuas cov ntaub ntawv los ntawm 60 lab tus tib neeg hauv cov tebchaws tau nyiaj ntau dua li yim txog cuaj xyoos. Nws pom tias cov ntxhais hluas tsuas yog txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv mob HPV thiaj li ua rau muaj tus mob HPV poob qis, mob caj dab thiab chaw mos ua ntej mob kheesxaws.

Cov txiaj ntsig ntawm txoj kev tshawb fawb tau muab cov ntawv pov thawj uas muaj tseeb tias HPV ua haujlwm hauv kev tiv thaiv kev mob qog nqaij hlav hauv tsev menyuam, vim tias ob qho tib si ua rau (tus mob HPV) thiab cov xov tooj ntawm cov qog nqaij hlav ua ntej yuav tsawg zuj zus nyob hauv cov teb chaws uas jab tau tshaj tawm.

Cov kws tshawb nrhiav pom tias ob hom mob HPV uas ua rau muaj feem ntau ntawm mob khees-xaws ncauj tsev menyuam tau raug txo qis tom qab txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob. Muaj 83% txo qis hauv HPV16 thiab 18 hauv cov menyuam ntxhais hnub nyoog 13-19 thiab 66% txo qis hauv cov pojniam hnub nyoog 20-24 tsib mus rau yim xyoo tom qab tau txais tus jab.

Teem chaw muag tshuaj tam sim no

Npaj kev sab laj nrog koj tus kws muag tshuaj hauv ib cheeb tsam thiab tau txais hom tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob khees xaws ncauj tsev menyuam.

Phau ntawv txhaj tshuaj

HPV (tib neeg papillomavirus) yog lub npe rau ntau hom khaub thuas. Khwv yees tias 80% ntawm cov neeg ua plees ua yi yuav kis mob HPV nyob rau qee kis hauv lawv lub neej. Hauv cov tib neeg feem ntau nws tsis muaj mob, tab sis qee yam kab mob tuaj yeem tsim kho rau hauv pob txha caj qaum lossis ua rau mob qog ncauj tsev menyuam. Tshaj 3,000 tus pojniam raug kuaj mob qog nqaij hlav rau lub tsev menyuam txhua xyoo hauv tebchaws Askiv thiab 800 tus neeg yuav tuag.

Txij li nws tau ntawv tso cai nyob rau xyoo 2007, tshuaj tiv thaiv mob HPV tau raug pom zoo los ntawm 99 lub teb chaws, feem ntau pom zoo kom txhaj tshuaj rau cov menyuam ntxhais. Lub Tebchaws Askiv yuav muab sijhawm sai sai rau cov tub hluas hnub nyoog 12-13 xyoos raws li cov ntxhais.

Hauv txoj kev tshawb nrhiav, cov neeg mob pob tuag ntawm qhov chaw mos poob 67% hauv cov menyuam ntxhais hnub nyoog 15-19 thiab 54% ntawm cov pojniam hnub nyoog 20-24. Txhawb kom zoo, qee qhov mob ntawm kev mob qog nqaij hlav (uas yuav dhau los ua mob khees-xaws ncauj tsev menyuam yog tias tsis kho) yog qis dua 50% rau cov menyuam ntxhais hnub nyoog 15-19 thiab 31% hauv cov pojniam hnub nyoog 20-24. Txoj kev tshawb nrhiav pom tias kev tiv thaiv HPV muaj ntau dua nyob rau thaj chaw uas muaj kev tiv thaiv kev txhaj tshuaj ntau dua thiab pab ntau pab pawg ntau dua li yim xyoo. Kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kuj tau muaj txiaj ntsig rau cov neeg uas tsis tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv raws li cov mob pob ntseg ntawm chaw mos tau poob qis rau cov tub hluas thiab poj niam laus dua 30 xyoo.

Mélanie Drolet ntawm CHU de Quebec-Laval University Qhov Chaw Tshawb Fawb tau hais tias: “Peb pom tias cov kev zov me nyuam nrog ntau tus menyuam ntxhais hnub nyoog tau txhaj tshuaj thiab kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv tau muaj kev cuam tshuam ntau dua ncaj qha thiab pab tsiaj tau zoo. Qhov kev tshawb pom no txhawb lub koom haum WHO tau hloov kho txoj haujlwm tshiab rau HPV txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv. Kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv HPV ntawm ntau lub hnub nyoog ntawm cov menyuam ntxhais hnub nyoog 9-14 xyoo thaum txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws, tsis yog txhaj tshuaj tivthaiv ntawm ib pab pawg nkaus xwb. “

Professor Marc Brisson ntawm Laval University Canada tau pom zoo. “Qhov chaw ntawm kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv HPV hloov pauv sai heev, nrog ntau lub tebchaws tsis ntev los no hloov ntawm peb mus rau ob lub sijhawm tshuaj, txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kabmob poj niam txiv neej, thiab txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv tshiab uas tsom ntau ntau hom HPV,” nws hais. Nws cia siab tias cov ntaub ntawv pov thawj tshiab no yuav txhawb nqa cov kev tshawb fawb ntxiv seb yuav ua li cas txoj kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv tuaj yeem siv rau hauv cov tebchaws tau nyiaj tsawg thiab nruab nrab cov tebchaws.

Hauv cov lus hais rau BBC, Robert Music, tus thawj coj ntawm Jo’s ncauj tsev menyuam lub siab ntseeg, tau cia siab tias cov neeg tiv thaiv kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv zoo yuav raug txhawb nqa los ntawm kev tshawb fawb. Nws tau hais tias “Peb cia siab tias qhov no yuav txhawb nqa kev ntseeg siab rau cov tshuaj tiv thaiv HPV yav dhau los,” nws hais.

Qhov kev tshawb fawb no tau luam tawm hauv Lancet.

Cov kab lus no tsis tau muab kev tshuaj xyuas los ntawm tus kws kho mob tab sis nws tseem tau tshawb xyuas qhov tseeb thiab raug rau Tus Neeg Mob cov ntaub ntawv kho mob nruj heev. Yog koj muaj lus nug lossis xav nug thov xa lus rau pab neeg uas siv cov khoom sib txuas hauv qab no.

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