Puas yog dementia lossis tsuas yog hnov ​​qab xwb?


Puas yog dementia lossis tsuas yog hnov ​​qab xwb?

Kuv feem ntau hnov ​​ib nrab cov lus sib cav txog ‘laus lub sijhawm’ los ntawm cov neeg uas tau nce mus rau saum toj ntawm theem ntaiv thiab tsis nco qab lawv tau tuaj dab tsi. Qhov lawv xav paub tiag tiag yog tias qhov no yog qhov pib ntawm nqes hav ntawm txoj kab ntu.

Dab tsi ua rau hnov ​​qab?

Muaj ntau ntau yam ua rau nco ploj dua li dementia. Qhov pom tseeb tshaj plaws yog muaj lwm yam hauv koj lub siab. Yog tias koj laj, nkees los sis ntxhov siab, tej yam yuav cuam tshuam koj lub siab ntau, tshwj xeeb yog tias lawv tsis muaj qhov tseem ceeb rau koj. Kev ntxhov siab (nrog rau kev poob siab me, tsim kua muag, ntxhov siab txog kev pw tsaug zog lossis tsis qab los thiab / lossis tsis txaus siab rau lub neej) kuj tseem tuaj yeem cuam tshuam thiab nco qab.

Qee cov tshuaj, suav nrog cov tshuaj muaj zog, ntsiav tshuaj steroid, Parkinson cov tshuaj noj thiab kev sib xyaw ntawm cov ntsiav tshuaj, tuaj yeem ua rau koj nquag tsis nco qab. Ib yam li ntawd muaj peev xwm ua rau mob lub cev, suav nrog mob txeeb zis lossis mob hauv siab thiab lub qog tsis ua haujlwm.

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Kuv puas yuav muaj kev phom sij txog dementia?

Qhov tseeb muaj ntau dua 60 qhov xwm txheej uas tuaj yeem ua rau pom kev dementia, txawm hais tias Alzheimer tus kabmob muaj ntau dua li ib nrab ntawm cov neeg mob. Qhov thib ob feem ntau yog ‘vascular dementia’, tshwm sim los ntawm blockages nyob rau hauv ntau cov hlab ntsha me me hauv lub hlwb.

Yog tias koj muaj kev pheej hmoo siab rau plawv nres thiab mob hlab ntsha tawg (vim tias ntshav siab, tsa ceg roj ntshav siab, ua haujlwm lub cev tsis muaj zog, haus luam yeeb, thiab lwm yam), koj kuj tseem muaj feem yuav muaj mob ntshav siab ntau dua. Qhov zoo tshiab yog tias los ntawm kev daws cov teeb meem phom sij no, koj tuaj yeem txo koj txoj kev pheej hmoo ntawm peb yam: mob plawv, mob hlab ntsha hlwb thiab dementia.

Qhov tseeb, koj tuaj yeem txiav koj txoj kev pheej hmoo ntawm ntau hom kev dementia nrog txoj kev ua neej zoo, tab sis nws yog qhov tseem ceeb yog tias koj xav kom tsis txhob muaj vascular dementia.

Qee yam xwm txheej yuav ua rau koj muaj kev phom sij dementia. Cov no suav nrog:

  • Tus kab mob Parkinson, uas cuam tshuam ntau rau kev txav mus los thaum ntxov tab sis uas tseem ua rau koj muaj kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev tsim kev nyuaj siab thiab dementia.
  • Cov keeb kwm yav dhau los ntawm mob stroke lossis mob taub hau heev.
  • Down’s syndrome thiab os kev kawm tsis taus.
  • Kev haus cawv ntau dhau, uas tuaj yeem tsim kev puas tsuaj rau lub hlwb.

Kuv tus kws kho mob yuav nrhiav dab tsi?

Thawj qhov koj tus kws kho mob yuav xav paub yog yam koj tsis nco qab feem ntau. Piv txwv, hauv kev dementia, tib neeg feem ntau yuav tsis nco qab txog cov xwm txheej tsis ntev dhau los feem ntau, tab sis tuaj yeem cuam tshuam txog cov kev nco tau ntev rau ntev npaum li cas. Tej zaum koj yuav pom koj tus kheej tsis nco qab cov npe thiab chaw nyob, lossis rov qab tshawb rau lo lus rau cov khoom siv niaj hnub. Lwm tus yuav pom tias koj tab tom nug tib lo lus tib zaug.

Cov neeg mob dementia tuaj yeem muaj teeb meem kawm cov haujlwm tshiab, thiab tuaj yeem nkag siab yooj yim thiab disorientated. Qhov no yog ib qhov teeb meem tshwj xeeb yog tias lawv tsis nyob nrog ib puag ncig txawv. Lawv yuav tsis nco qab noj mov lossis ntxuav, thiab txawm tias lawv hnav khaubncaws licas. Txhua theem ntawm kev dementia, muaj cov kev coj ua ib txwm muaj, nrog qhov tseem ceeb nco txog lub sijhawm ntawm hnub, tuaj yeem txiav txoj hauv kev nyuaj siab ntxhov siab. Kev dementia tuaj yeem tuaj yeem ua rau tus cwj pwm pauv thiab txo qis kev xav.

Yog tias koj tus kws kho mob xav tias dementia, lawv yuav ua qhov kev ntsuam xyuas ntshav los saib seb puas muaj lwm yam ua rau nco ploj (xws li kev kis mob lossis ua tsis txaus cov thyroid).

Yuav ua li cas yog xav tias dementia?

Yog tias koj li keeb kwm thiab kev kuaj mob qhia tias muaj peev xwm dementia, thiab kuaj thawj zaug (xws li kuaj ntshav thiab tso zis) tsis qhia tias koj muaj teeb meem dab tsi rau koj lub cim xeeb, koj tus kws kho mob yuav tsum xa koj mus soj ntsuam tsev kho mob tag nrho.

Ntawm no pab pawg yuav txiav txim siab yog tias kev kuaj tshwj xeeb thiab lwm yam kev ntsuas tau qhia. Cov neeg muaj dementia tau saib xyuas los ntawm pab pawg ntau tus neeg suav nrog kws kho mob, kws saib xyuas neeg mob tshwj xeeb, cov kws pab tswv yim, kws kho mob zaws, cov kws kho mob ua haujlwm (los pab kho tsev, thiab lwm yam) thiab qee zaum tus kws qhia noj zaub mov.

Dementia kis tau ntau dua nrog lub hnub nyoog, tab sis txawm tias koj nyob rau 95, koj muaj peb hauv tsib txoj hmoo tsis cuam tshuam nrog. Coob leej neeg muaj kab mob dementia ua neej nyob tau ntau lub xyoo, thiab tsev neeg tau pab ua kom lawv nco qab txhua tus thiab cov kev pab ua ntu zus.

Ntau cov tshuaj tau tsim nyob rau hauv xyoo tas los pab tshwj xeeb nrog Alzheimer tus kab mob. Feem ntau lub hom phiaj txhawm rau txhawm rau nce lub hlwb cov tshuaj hu ua acetylcholine, uas feem ntau tsis tshua muaj Alzheimer tus kab mob. Lawv tsis yog kho thiab tsis ua haujlwm rau txhua tus. Txawm li cas los xij, tam sim no lawv tuaj yeem kho rau cov neeg muaj mob ntxov los sis mob pes tsawg ntawm Alzheimer tus kab mob thiab tuaj yeem txuas ntxiv rau ntev li ntev tau yog lawv tau txais txiaj ntsig. Lawv feem ntau pib los ntawm tus kws tshaj lij tab sis GP feem ntau tuaj yeem muab tshuaj rau tom qab ntawv.

Tiam sis feem ntau ntawm kev kho mob dementia tsis tuaj yeem ua lub ntsiav tshuaj. Cov neeg saib xyuas tuaj yeem ua rau lub ntiaj teb sib txawv, nrog kev pab los ntawm pab pawg kws tshaj lij uas tuaj yeem tsim phiaj xwm kev saib xyuas los pab rau qee tus neeg muaj kab mob dementia ua neej nyob ywj pheej li sai tau.

Ntawm chav kawm, nws yog qhov tseem ceeb uas cov neeg saib xyuas tau saib xyuas lawv tus kheej. Txhua zaus kev saib xyuas tus neeg hlub nrog dementia tuaj yeem kho siab heev, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog tias tus neeg ntawd yog tus khub lub neej koj yuav tau tso siab lossis cia siab rau kev txhawb nqa yav dhau los. Koj GP thiab cov kev pabcuam pejxeem tuaj yeem pab nrog kev ntsuas txhua xyoo ntawm koj cov kev xav tau ua tus saib xyuas, thiab cov koomhaum pabcuam dawb tuaj yeem muab cov lus qhia thiab kev txhawb nqa tsis muaj txiaj ntsig.

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