Kev muab HPV jab rau cov tub kom pab tiv thaiv tau 100,000 tus qog nqaij hlav


Kev muab HPV jab rau cov tub kom pab tiv thaiv tau 100,000 tus qog nqaij hlav

Txog Lub Cuaj Hlis 2019, cov tub hluas nyob rau xyoo kawm 8 (hnub nyoog 12-13) yuav tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv tib neeg tus mob papillomavirus (HPV) thawj zaug.

Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv rau cov menyuam ntxhais muaj txij li xyoo 2008. Los txog tam sim no 10 lab koob tshuaj tiv thaiv tau muab rau cov ntxhais hluas hauv tebchaws Askiv, uas suav txog 80% ntawm cov pojniam hnub nyoog 15-24.

HPV yog lub npe rau pab pawg ntawm cov kabmob, qee yam kabmob uas tuaj yeem ua rau mob qog nqaij hlav. Feem coob ntawm cov tib neeg uas nyiam sib deev thaum lub sijhawm twg los tau hauv lawv lub neej yuav kis los ntawm HPV. Cov neeg lub cev feem ntau cuam tshuam nrog tus kabmob yam tsis muaj teebmeem. Txawm li cas los xij, rau qee cov neeg, HPV tuaj yeem ua rau mob pob txha caj hlav thiab mob qog nqaij hlav, nrog rau mob khees xaws ncauj tsev menyuam yog qhov ntau tshaj. Cervical cancer tua nyob ib ncig ntawm 850 tus pojniam ib xyoos hauv tebchaws Askiv.

Nws kwv yees tias 5% ntawm tag nrho cov qog nqaij hlav thoob plaws ntiaj teb tau txuas nrog tus mob HPV. HPV yog qhov muaj mob 99% ntawm lub ncauj tsev menyuam, 90% lub qhov quav, 70% lub paum thiab qau ua paum thiab 60% ntawm rab qau qau, kuj yog qee cov qog nqaij hlav ntawm lub taub hau thiab caj dab.

Teem chaw muag tshuaj tam sim no

Npaj kev sab laj nrog koj tus kws muag tshuaj hauv ib cheeb tsam thiab tau txais hom tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob khees xaws ncauj tsev menyuam.

Phau ntawv txhaj tshuaj

Raws li qhov no, University of Warwick tau kwv yees tias kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv HPV rau cov menyuam ntxhais thiab txoj kev npaj tam sim no los qhia jab rau cov tub hluas yuav tiv thaiv ntau tshaj 100,000 tus qog nqaij hlav hauv tebchaws Askiv xyoo 2058.

Dr Mary Ramsay, tus thawj coj ntawm kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv ntawm Public Health England tau hais tias: “Kev muab tshuaj tiv thaiv rau cov tub hluas yuav tsis tsuas yog tiv thaiv lawv tab sis tseem yuav tiv thaiv ntau tus neeg mob qog nqaij hlav HPV uas muaj feem cuam rau cov menyuam ntxhais thiab txo tus nqi sib luag ntawm cov qog nqaij hlav no rau txiv neej thiab Cov poj niam yav tom ntej. Kuv xav txhawb tag nrho cov niam txiv ntawm cov tub hluas thiab cov ntxhais kom tsim nyog kom lawv txais cov tshuaj tiv thaiv uas yuav cawm tau neeg txoj sia. Nws tseem ceeb uas yuav tsis ncua ncua kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv, vim tias cov tshuaj tiv thaiv yuav tsis muaj txiaj ntsig ntau dua thaum cov hluas hnub nyoog laus dua. “

Cov kev tshawb nrhiav zaum kawg tau qhia tias tshuaj tiv thaiv HPV yog li nws muaj txiaj ntsig zoo uas nws tuaj yeem tshem mob qog rau ncauj tsev menyuam rau cov tebchaws tau tsim hauv ob peb xyoos tom ntej no. Tus thawj coj mob cancer ntawm NHS Tebchaws Askiv, Cally Palmer, tau xav txog qhov yuav tsum tau txuas ntxiv qhov kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob rau cov tub hluas los tsim kev tiv thaiv tsiaj txhu nrog HPV. “Los ntawm kev nthuav dav tshuaj tiv thaiv mob HPV rau cov menyuam tub, NHS tab tom ua ib qho tseem ceeb rau peb kev tiv thaiv kev mob qog nqaij hlav cancer – coob leej neeg yuav muaj kev tiv thaiv zoo dua, thiab cov tshuaj tiv thaiv no tuaj yeem pab txhawm rau tshem tawm txoj kev mob qog nqaij hlav hauv tebchaws no. txhua lub sijhawm, thiab NHS Lub Sij Hawm Ntev yuav cawm ntau lub neej txawm los ntawm kev txhim kho kev soj ntsuam thiab kev soj ntsuam thaum ntxov kom tau txais cov qog nqaij hlav sai sai thaum lawv tuaj yeem kho tau zoo tshaj plaws. “

Cov niam txiv ntawm cov menyuam tub uas yuav mus rau xyoo 8 yuav tsum saib xyuas cov ntaub ntawv ntawm lawv tus menyuam lub tsev kawm ntawv kom paub txog thaum lawv yuav tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv thiab ua kom paub tseeb tias lawv ntes tau thaum lawv tau ncua ib ntawm ob koob. Txawm hais tias tsis muaj kev pab txhaj tshuaj pub dawb rau cov txivneej thiab cov tub hluas uas tau ploj mus siv tshuaj tiv thaiv no, cov txivneej uas sib deev nrog txiv neej yog cov muaj kev pheej hmoo siab ntau rau HPV thiab tsim nyog tau txais kev txhaj tshuaj pub dawb los ntawm chaw kho mob pw ua niam txiv kom txog hnub nyoog 45 xyoo Cov.

Cov kab lus no tsis tau muab kev tshuaj xyuas los ntawm tus kws kho mob tab sis nws tseem tau tshawb xyuas qhov tseeb thiab raug rau Tus Neeg Mob cov ntaub ntawv kho mob nruj heev. Yog koj muaj lus nug lossis xav nug thov xa lus rau pab neeg uas siv cov khoom sib txuas hauv qab no.

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