Tiv thaiv koj kev noj qab haus huv kev sib deev hauv tsev kawm ntawv


Tiv thaiv koj kev noj qab haus huv kev sib deev hauv tsev kawm ntawv

Dr Anatole Menon-Johansson, tus thawj coj kho mob ntawm Brook, lub chaw qhia txog kev sib deev rau cov hnub nyoog qis dua 25 xyoo hais tias, ‘Cov pab pawg hnub nyoog no hloov pauv cov khub ntau dua li ib qho ntxiv, ntxiv rau thaj chaw ntawm lub cev ua haujlwm nce tus nqi sib kis, ntxiv rau kev txaus ntshai rau cov tub ntxhais kawm.’

Thaum tag nrho cov kis mob rau cov neeg muaj hnub nyoog rau tag nrho cov muaj hnub nyoog tsawg dua li 4% xyoo 2016, tseem muaj txog li 420,000 tus mob hauv tebchaws Askiv nkaus xwb. Ntxiv rau qhov ntawd, tshuaj tua kab mob ntawm qee cov kab mob STIs xws li gonorrhea yog ua ntau dua.

Nws tseem ceeb kom nco ntsoov tias LGBTQ + cov tub ntxhais kawm yog qhov ntau ib yam li qhov muaj pheej hmoo ua cov tub ntxhais kawm sib deev. Txawm hais tias nws tshem tawm qhov kev txhawj xeeb ntawm cev xeeb tub, kev sib deev yog li ntawd ntau dua li ntawd – cov qib uas zoo sib xws yuav tsum muaj txhawm rau txhawm rau tiv thaiv koj tus kheej los ntawm kev pheej hmoo ntawm STIs. Tsis muaj teeb meem dab tsi uas koj txheeb xyuas raws li, muaj kev nyab xeeb, tiv thaiv kev tiv thaiv thiab, qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws, tau kuaj xyuas.

Tab sis koj tuaj yeem kawm paub yuav ua li cas yuav ntse txog kev sib deev – tsis tas yuav hais txog kev lom zem.

Npaj

‘Cov kev pab kho mob kev sib deev hauv nroog cov tsev kawm hauv nroog feem ntau muaj haujlwm ntau hauv lub Kaum Hli yog li ntawd nws yog ib lub tswv yim zoo kom tau txais kev ntsuam xyuas thiab kev tswj kom tsis txhob muaj menyuam ua ntej koj mus,’ Dr Menon-Johansson hais.

Koj yuav tsum tau kuaj yog tias koj tau sib deev yam tsis muaj kev tiv thaiv, vim tias STIs tsis yog ib txwm muaj cov tsos mob thiab tuaj yeem ua rau muaj mob ntev mus. Chlamydia, STI feem ntau, yog tsis muaj tsos mob ntawm 70% ntawm cov poj niam thiab tsawg kawg 50% ntawm tus txiv neej, thiab yog tias nws tsis raug kho, thaum kawg tuaj yeem ua rau cov teeb meem kev muaj menyuam hauv ob tus pojniam.

‘Nws kuj tseem muaj NHS-kuaj kev kuaj mob online xws li SH24, uas yuav xa koj mus kuaj ntsuas tom tsev dawb thiab tom qab ntawd xa koj mus rau NHS lub chaw kuaj mob rau kev kho mob yog tias tsim nyog,’ hais tias Dr Menon-Johansson.

Tshuag cov khoom tiv thaiv

Cov hnab looj qau yog ib txoj kev tiv thaiv zoo tshaj plaws uas tseem yuav tiv thaiv koj los ntawm STIs. Koj tuaj yeem tau txais lawv dawb los ntawm Brook, koj tus GP, feem ntau cov chaw kuaj mob kev sib deev, thiab los ntawm C-daim phiaj xwm.

Sim ua ntau hom kom pom qhov zoo tshaj plaws uas koj haum thiab xyuas seb yuav siv lawv kom raug – koj yuav xav xyaum ua ntej. Yuav tsum nqa qee yam nrog koj mus thiab khaws tseg rau hauv koj chav kom koj tsis txhob yuam kev.

Lwm txoj hauv kev zoo los tiv thaiv kabmob STIs yog qhov ua rau cov hniav puas. Cov no yog siv rau kev tiv thaiv thaum sib deev hauv qhov ncauj thiab tuaj yeem tiv thaiv kev kis mob xws li mob herpes. Qee qhov chaw muab khoom siv kho hniav pub dawb, tab sis qee qhov yuav them koj. Yog tias koj tsis tuaj yeem tuav tus pas ntsuas hniav thaum lub hauv paus hniav ces nws tuaj yeem ua rau ib qho ntawm hnab looj tes – Cias yob nws, txiav lub hau thiab ntiv nplhaib, tom qab ntawd txiav raws qhov ntev ntawm nws los ua tus duab plaub.

Txheeb koj cov kev tiv thaiv

Cov txheej txheem tiv thaiv tsis zoo xws li cov hnab looj, thiab cov txheej txheem tiv thaiv xws li lub pas dej tauv, yog qhov tseem ceeb los tiv thaiv STIs, tab sis thaum nws los tiv thaiv kev xeeb tub – tiv thaiv kev xeeb tub – lawv tsis muaj kev cia siab raws li qee lwm txoj kev qhia. Txawm tias zoo tshaj plaws los ua kom muaj txiaj ntsig rau kev tswj kom muaj txiaj ntsig zoo dua thiab kev tiv thaiv kabmob STIs yuav mus ‘ob chav dutch’, qhov twg ob peb siv hnab looj thiab lwm txoj kev (tsis thaiv).

‘Muaj qhov kev tiv thaiv kev tsis sib haum xeeb ntawm 15 ntawm 100 tus txij nkawm uas siv hnab looj ib leeg ib xyoos, feem ntau vim tias cov neeg tsis siv lawv cov khoom raug lossis xwm yeem. Qhov no piv nrog tsawg dua ib ntawm 1,000 qhov tsis ua hauj lwm tus nqi rau kev cog qoob loo, ‘hais tias Dr Menon-Johansson.

Lwm qhov kev saib xyuas qis, cov qauv qhia tau zoo rau cov tub ntxhais kawm txoj kev ua neej suav nrog kev tso dej ntawm cov leeg (IUS), cov khoom siv hluav taws xob IUD thiab kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv. Tham nrog koj tus kws kho mob lossis kws pab kev noj qab haus huv yog tias koj xav sim ib txoj hauv kev no.

Lub sij hawm nws txoj cai

Qhov zoo tshaj plaws khub niam txiv yuav tsum muaj kev kuaj STI ua ntej pib kev sib deev tshiab. Koj tseem yuav tsum tau kuaj yog tias koj tau sib deev xws li tsis muaj kev tiv thaiv, tab sis lub sijhawm ua tiav ntawm koj qhov kev ntsuam xyuas yog qhov tseem ceeb.

Dr Menon-Johansson hais tias, ‘Kev kis mob nrog rau feem ntau ntawm tus kabmob STIs, xws li tus kabmob chlamydia thiab kabmob ncauj kabmob, tuaj yeem kuaj pom tomqab ob lub hlis tabsis kabmob HIV tsuas kuaj tau tomqab plaub asthiv, thiab mob syphilis tomqab rau lub hlis.’

Cov kab mob kis rau cov hluas heterosexual feem ntau yog chlamydia, kab mob gonorrhea, mob rau chaw mos thiab herpes. Hauv cov txiv neej uas pw nrog lwm tus txiv neej, feem ntau muaj xws li HIV thiab mob syphilis, whilst kab mob vaginosis thiab HPV feem ntau tshwm sim rau cov poj niam uas pw nrog lwm tus poj niam. Txawm li cas los xij, ib tus neeg tuaj yeem txhom tau cov kabmob STI thiab ib nrab ntawm cov neeg muaj tus kabmob HIV hauv tebchaws Askiv yog tus neeg txhaum sib deev.

Cov kab mob STI xws li mob chlamydia, mob ncauj plab thiab mob syphilis feem ntau yuav kho tau nrog tshuaj tua kab mob. Tab sis txawm hais tias cov tsos mob ntawm tus kab mob xws li mob herpes thiab mob pob txuv tuaj yeem raug kho, kev noj tshuaj tsis tuaj yeem tshem tawm cov kab mob ntawm koj lub cev thiab koj yuav kis tau ntau ntau lub hlis lossis ntau xyoo tom qab.

Paub thaum twg yog thaum ti tes ti taw

Tsis txhob ncua sij hawm mus ntsib kws kho mob yog tias muaj tej lub caij koj cev xeeb tub. Kev tswj kom tsis txhob muaj xwm ceev (EC) tuaj yeem ua haujlwm ntev txog tsib hnub tom qab sib deev, tab sis koj tau sai sai nws tau zoo dua. Sim cov cuab yeej online no txhawm rau kwv yees qhov koj muaj feem yuav xeeb tub thiab nrhiav lub tsev kho mob nyob ze koj.

Yog tias koj tau kis nrog HIV, nws muaj cov tshuaj uas tuaj yeem txo qis kev pheej hmoo kis tus mob yog tias noj li ntawm peb hnub, tom qab ntawd txhua hnub rau ib hlis. Tab sis lawv tsuas yog kho yog tias koj tau txiav txim tias koj yog qhov pheej hmoo loj.

Nyob tswj

Haus cawv ntau heev txhais tau tias koj yuav plam koj qhov kev txiav txim siab, mus tamsim ntawd, thiab muaj kev pheej hmoo. Nws kuj tseem ua rau koj qhov tsis muaj peev xwm raug quab yuam deev lossis muaj feem yuav hla xov hlau txog kev pom zoo, yog li nco ntsoov koj nyob nrog kev tswj.

Thiab tsis txhob ntshai ntshai los hais kom sib deev zoo. Ib tus khub muaj peev xwm uas sib cav txog qhov no tsuas yog tsis muaj kev nyiam koj siab tshaj plaws.

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