Puas yog txhua tus menyuam yaus yuav tsum txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv khaub thuas?


Puas yog txhua tus menyuam yaus yuav tsum txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv khaub thuas?

Kuv tus me nyuam yuav mus txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv khaub thuas qhov twg?

Hauv xyoo 2019-20, tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob khaub thuas NHS tau raug txuas ntxiv los npog cov menyuam yaus hauv tsev kawm theem pib xyoo 6 nrog rau cov neeg kawm qis dua – txhua tus menyuam hnub nyoog 2 txog 10 (tab sis tsis txog 11 xyoo lossis tshaj saud) hnub tim 31 Lub Yim Hli 2019 tsim nyog. Rau cov menyuam yaus hnub nyoog 2-4 xyoos, kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv yog los ntawm kev phais mob GP, thaum rau cov menyuam kawm xyoo 1 txog 5 nws tau hla lub tsev kawm ntawv.

Patient.info Saib tag nrho

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Thaum twg cov menyuam tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv khaub thuas?

Hauv xyoo 2013, txhua tus menyuam hnub nyoog 2 xyoos thiab 3 xyoos tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv khaub thuas thawj zaug. Thiab tom qab ntawd xyoo 2015, cov menyuam yaus hnub nyoog 2-4 xyoos thiab cov menyuam yaus hauv tsev kawm theem pib xyoo ib thiab ob tau ntxiv rau hauv daim ntawv teev npe. Hauv xyoo 2016, tag nrho cov menyuam yaus hauv xyoo 1 txog 3 hauv tsev kawm ntawv theem pib tau raug caw ib yam nkaus thiab hauv 2018 nws tau txuas ntxiv rau txhua tus menyuam kawm theem pib txog xyoo 5.

Ua ntej kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob npaws rau txhua tus menyuam yaus, cov neeg sim raug khiav hauv qee thaj tsam hauv tebchaws, nrog txhua tus menyuam kawm ntawv theem pib tau txhaj tshuaj. Qhov no tau tso cai rau Tsoom Fwv Phab Saib Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv Hauv Tebchaws kom tau txais cov lus qhia txog tias kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob txhais tau li cas txhawm rau txo lub nra ntawm kev mob los ntawm tus mob khaub thuas.

Koj puas tsim nyog txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv khaub thuas NHS dawb?

Tej zaum koj yuav muaj cai tau txais tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob khaub thuas NHS dawb los ntawm koj GP lossis tus kws muag tshuaj hauv zos. Nug seb koj puas tsim nyog hnub no.


Tshawb nrhiav ntxiv

Super spreaders

Cov menyuam yaus hu ua ‘super spreaders’ – lawv kis tus kabmob ntawm lwm tus neeg ntau dua li cov laus neeg ua. Qhov no txhais tau tias kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv lawv yuav tsum txiav tus naj npawb ntawm cov neeg laus tsis muaj peev xwm kis tau tus mob khaub thuas ntau dhau – thiab cov tswv yim no tau qiv tawm hauv lub xyoo sim.

Hauv cov chaw sim uas txhua tus menyuam hauv cov tsev kawm ntawv theem pib tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv nyob rau lub caij ntuj no 2014/15 muaj:

  • Muaj li ntawm 74% kev txo qis ntawm cov neeg mus kawm ntawm A&E rau kev mob ua pa ntawm cov menyuam muaj hnub nyoog kawm ntawv hauv tsev kawm theem pib sim piv rau cov chaw tsis raug sim.
  • Ib qho 93% kev txo qis hauv kev nkag tsev kho mob vim kev paub mob ua npaws rau cov menyuam muaj hnub nyoog kawm ntawv hauv tsev kawm ntawv qib qis piv rau cov chaw tsis sim.
  • Ib qho 59% poob hauv GP sab laj rau tus mob khaub thuas rau cov neeg laus hauv tsev kawm ntawv qib qis piv rau cov chaw tsis sim.

Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv puas tuaj yeem muab tshuaj tiv thaiv tau rau koj?

Kev kis lossis kis tus kab mob npaws tom qab txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv tsis yog ib qho teeb meem nrog kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob npaws rau cov neeg laus, vim tias nws tsis muaj ib tus kabmob muaj sia. Qhov no txhais tau tias nws yeej ua tsis tau kom tus kabmob huam vam ntau ntxiv tuaj – thiab yeej ua tsis tau nws rau ‘muab koj mob npaws’.

Muaj ob qho laj thawj uas tib neeg ntseeg tias qhov no tshwm sim. Ua ntej, peb muab txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv khaub thuas rau lub caij ntuj no, thaum coob leej neeg nrog cov kab mob nkag rau. Yog tias koj tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv khaub thuas thiab pib tso zis rau ob hnub tom qab, tej zaum koj yuav liam qhov tshuaj tiv thaiv txawm hais tias nws yuav tshwm sim ib qho twg. Thiab qhov thib ob, tag nrho kis ntawm qhov tshuaj tiv thaiv yog muab koj lub cev los tua tawm tsam tus kab mob khaub thuas tiag yog tias koj kis rau nws. Qhov txheej txheem tiv thaiv kab mob no tuaj yeem ua rau koj hnov ​​ib ce me ntsis thiab txias-y; tab sis qhov no mas nws yeej tsis ua npaws.

Koj puas tuaj yeem sib kis tau lwm tus tom qab koj tau muab lub puab tsaig?

Kuv nquag nug txog lub caij nyoog ntawm cov menyuam yaus uas tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kis rau lwm tus. Qhov no yog txoj kev pheej hmoo vim tias nws yog tus kab mob ‘live attenuated’ – tus kab mob uas siv rau hauv cov tshuaj txau me nyuam yaus hauv lub qhov ntswg tsis tau tua, tab sis kho kom nws tsis muaj zog. Nws tau ‘txias hloov tau’ – txhais tau tias thaum nws tuaj yeem nce ntau qhov chaw txias dua li lub qhov ntswg, nws tsis tuaj yeem ua rau hauv lub ntsws. Qhov no tso cai rau koj tus menyuam tsim cov tshuaj los tiv thaiv lawv tawm tsam tus kabmob tiag, tabsis txhais tau tias lawv tsis muaj cov tsos mob hnyav los ntawm kis tus kheej tiag.

Hais txog qhov kis rau lwm tus, koj “kis” tsawg dua tus kabmob tomqab txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv menyuam yaus dua li ib tus neeg uas mob npaws. Dab tsi ntxiv, tus kab mob koj tso tawm tsis tuaj yeem nce hauv lub ntsws thiab ua rau kis mob hnyav.

Cov tib neeg uas tej zaum yuav muaj kev phom sij yog cov neeg muaj kev tiv thaiv kabmob uas tsis muaj zog txaus – xws li cov neeg uas nyuam qhuav hloov hlwb pob txha. Pom tseeb, cov menyuam yaus uas nyuam qhuav hloov hlwb pob txha yuav tsis mus kawm ntawv. Thiab nyob rau tebchaws Asmeskas, uas lab tus menyuam tau txhaj tshuaj nyob rau 11 xyoos dhau los, tseem tsis tau muaj teebmeem dabtsi qhia txog qhov kis tus kabmob no. Txhawm rau kom muaj qhov nyob nyab xeeb, txawm li cas los xij, tus menyuam nyob hauv tsev neeg nrog ib tus neeg hauv txoj haujlwm no yuav tau txais lwm hom tshuaj tiv thaiv.

Lwm cov neeg muaj kev pheej hmoo siab

Qhov tseeb, tsis yog cov menyuam yaus xwb raug caw tuaj txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv. Lwm pab pawg yog cov muaj kev pheej hmoo siab ntau ntxiv xws li mob ntsws thiab tuag taus los ntawm tus mob khaub thuas, thiab Public Health England tau txhawb kom lawv tuaj tom ntej ib yam nkaus. Txhawm rau tso cov kev pheej hmoo rau hauv kev pom, ntawm no yog pes tsawg lub sijhawm koj yuav tuag los ntawm tus mob khaub thuas dua li cov neeg zoo sib xws uas tsis muaj mob muaj mob:

  • Cev xeeb tub – 7 lub sij hawm ntau dua (feem ntau yuav nyob hauv theem tom qab ntawm cev xeeb tub).
  • Kab mob hauv lub plawv – ntau dua 11 zaug.
  • Mob ntsws – 7 lub sijhawm ntau dua.
  • Kab mob siab – 48 npaug feem ntau yuav muaj.
  • Kab mob hauv lub raum – 19 npaug feem ntau yuav dua.
  • Mob ntshav qab zib – ntau dua 6 npaug.
  • Cov kev tiv thaiv kev tiv thaiv kab mob (mob qog nqaij hlav, kho mob cancer, HIV, kho mob autoimmune, thiab lwm yam) – 47 ntau dua.
  • Ntau tus mob sclerosis – ntau dua 40 npaug.
  • Parkinson tus kab mob – 40 lub sijhawm muaj feem ntau.

Yog li koj muaj nws – khaub thuas TSIS zoo tib yam li mob khaub thuas thiab nws muaj peev xwm tua tau. Kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv yog tias koj nyob hauv pab pawg muaj kev pheej hmoo siab tuaj yeem tiv thaiv kev mob nyhav thiab tseem yuav cawm tau koj txoj sia. Koj tseem tos rau dab tsi?

Cov Cuab Yeej Noj Qab Haus Huv

Tus Me Txiv Kab Ntxwv phau

Cov lus qhia tswv yim los ntawm Newcastle Gateshead CCG txog kev pab cov menyuam yaus thiab cov menyuam yaus thaum lawv tsis zoo.

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