Puas yog koj yuav tsum mus ua haujlwm thaum koj mob khaub thuas?


Puas yog koj yuav tsum mus ua haujlwm thaum koj mob khaub thuas?

Tsis zoo li cov mob hnyav dua – uas muaj tseeb pov thawj qee lub sijhawm rov qab los tiag tiag – qhov mob khaub thuas phem nyob hauv thaj chaw grey nyuaj. Ntawm qhov one tes, koj mloog zoo li grotty, thiab tej zaum yuav tsis ua haujlwm zoo li qub. Ntawm qhov tod tes, koj nyob nraum tej zaum tseem muaj peev xwm tig ntawm kev ua haujlwm thiab kev ua tub rog nyob ntawm qhov tsis xav.

“Vim tias hnoos thiab mob khaub thuas yog ib yam muaj tshwm sim heev, nws yuav yog lub sijhawm ua haujlwm nrog txhua tus mob kis,” Dr Daniel Fenton, tus thawj coj ntawm chaw kho mob taug kev hauv GP chaw kho mob, London Cov Kws Kho Mob hais tawm.

“Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom nkag siab tias feem ntau ntawm kev hnoos yog kev txwv tus kheej thiab tsawg heev yuav kav ntev dua li ib lub lim tiam lossis tom qab ntawd. Cov lus no tau hais, yog tias koj ua haujlwm hauv chaw ua haujlwm me thiab muaj kev nyab xeeb tiag tiag, Tej zaum koj yuav xav siv sijhawm me ntsis kom rov zoo los dua. Koj kuj tseem txo qis kev kis mob rau koj cov npoj yaig ua haujlwm. “

Feem ntau ntawm cov kws kho mob pom zoo nrog Fenton tias feem ntau ntawm cov neeg mob, koj yuav tsis xav noj hnub mob kom tus mob khaub thuas me. Hauv kev soj ntsuam Patient.info tsis ntev los no ntawm 261 tus kws kho mob, tsuas yog 10% ntawm cov neeg teb hais tias lawv ib txwm xav kom lawv cov neeg mob siv sijhawm sijhawm rau hom mob no.

Qhov teeb meem nrog presenteeism

Txawm li cas los xij, txawm hais tias los yog tsis siv sijhawm rau lub caij mob khaub thuas hloov tawm qhov teeb meem tsis txaus ntseeg siab. Txhua qhov chaw ua haujlwm zoo li muaj nws tus kheej coj ntawm qhov kev kawm, nrog qee qhov kev zam txim ntau dua li lwm tus.

“Tsis yog txhua lub koomhaum yuav them nyiaj rau qhov muaj mob so, thiab ntau tus neeg tsis tuaj yeem them sijhawm rau lub sijhawm thaum lawv tsis zoo, yog li yuav tsum sib tham yam tsis muaj teebmeem,” Jack Evans, tus kws tshaj lij teebmeem kev lag luam ntawm Robertson Cooper. “Nws kuj tseem muaj rau txhua yam xws li kev tshaj tawm lossis nyiaj tshwj xeeb uas yuav tsum tau muaj rau cov neeg muaj keeb kwm tsis muaj ntaub ntawv zoo heev, uas ua rau muaj kev nyuaj siab txog nyiaj txiag los mus ua haujlwm.”

Txhawm rau nws yooj yim, ntau lub koom haum yuav sim txo cov neeg ua haujlwm qhov qhaj ntawm ntau txoj kev. Txij li lawv tau yooj yim los taug qab, cov kev tsis mus kawm feem ntau yog siv luv luv rau cov neeg ua haujlwm kev noj qab haus huv thiab kev nyob zoo.

Hmoov tsis zoo, qhov no tuaj yeem ua rau ‘presenteeism’ – cov neeg mus ua haujlwm thaum lawv lub hlwb lossis lub cev tsis zoo nyob ntawd.

Qhov tseeb, presenteeism yuav sawv cev rau qhov tseem ceeb ‘zais tus nqi’ rau cov chaw ua haujlwm. Raws li kev sojntsuam los ntawm CIPD, cov neeg tuaj saib tamsis no muaj ntau dua peb npaug ntxiv txij li xyoo 2010, nrog 86% ntawm cov neeg teb cov lus nug tau hais tias lawv tau saib presenteeism hauv lawv lub koomhaum dhau xyoo. Thiab nyob rau xyoo 2017 Tebchaws Britain Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv Chaw Noj Qab Haus Huv tshaj los ntawm VitalityHealth, cov neeg ua haujlwm nruab nrab tau tshaj tawm tias lawv tau siv 27.7 hnub nyob rau ib xyoo kev ua tsis zoo vim muaj mob.

Evans hais tias “Kev tshawb fawb tseem tsis tau qhia meej txog qhov cuam tshuam ntawm kev tuaj tamsis no, tabsis nws yeej qhia tau tias cov koomhaum yuav tsum tau ua qhov tseem ceeb,” “Sab tom qab ntawm kev tuaj tam sim no yog tias thaum nws ua rau cov tib neeg lub cev tsis xis nyob, los ntawm kev mus ua haujlwm peb yuav kis tau tus mob ntawd rau lwm tus neeg hauv pab pawg, uas tom qab ntawd tau qhia nrog tib qho kev xaiv.”

Los ntawm lub tuam txhab kev xav, kev muaj ib tus neeg ua haujlwm ntawm 75% yuav tsis yog qhov teeb meem zoo li no. Txawm li cas los xij, yog tias lawv txham thiab hnoos lawv txoj kev nyob ib ncig ntawm lub chaw ua haujlwm, lwm tus tswvcuab ntawm cov neeg ua haujlwm yuav ua haujlwm tiav li 75%, uas yuav yog qhov tshwm sim tsawg dua li muaj thawj tus neeg ua haujlwm nyob hauv tsev.

Nrog rau qhov no, Evans xav tias cov koomhaum yuav tsum mob siab rau cov neeg ua haujlwm kev noj qab haus huv, kev nyob zoo, kev quab yuam thiab kev thev taus, dua li saib mus rau qhov tsis muaj lub cev.

Thaum twg koj yuav tsum tau nyob hauv tsev?

Rau cov neeg ua haujlwm uas mob siab rau qhov kev mob khaub thuas tsis zoo, ob peb hnub so haujlwm yuav ua rau lawv muaj txiaj ntsig. Raws li Fenton txo nws hwj nws, so yog ib qho tsis txaus ntseeg kev kho kev cuam tshuam.

“Raws li cov kws tshaj lij ua haujlwm, peb txhua tus xav tias qhov xav tau ntawm kev ua haujlwm thiab ua tiav raws sijhawm,” nws hais. “Txawm li cas los xij, thaum peb tsis ua haujlwm, peb lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob ua haujlwm muaj peev xwm txhawm rau txhawm rau tua tus kabmob. Tsis tas yuav so, peb muab qee yam peb lub zog tshem tawm ntawm lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob, kom ua tiav peb cov haujlwm txhua hnub.”

Nws ntxhov siab tias lo lus ‘so’ tsis txhais tau tias koj yuav tsum tau kaw koj tus kheej kom mus pw thaum hnub kawg, tab sis nws yog qhov txo qis ntawm kev ua kom sib zog, tsis yog qhov tseem ceeb.

“Noj kom zoo, haus kom ntau txaus kom koj tus kheej hydrated, thiab xyuas kom koj noj qee qhov yooj yim kho mob xws li paracetamol lossis ibuprofen kom pab mob caj pas, mob pob txha thiab mob taub hau thiab kub taub hau uas qee zaum yuav cuam tshuam,” nws hais.

Txawm hais tias koj tuaj yeem ua txhua yam no thaum tseem mus ua haujlwm tej zaum nyob ntawm koj txoj haujlwm – tsis txhob hais txog qhov mob hnyav ntawm koj tus mob. Tsis muaj txoj cai nruj thiab ceev ntawm cov tsos mob uas txhais tau tias koj yuav tsum nyob hauv tsev.

Tseeb, 87% ntawm cov neeg soj ntsuam GPs hais tias qhov tsos mob hnyav yuav txiav txim siab seb koj yuav tsum nyob hauv tsev lossis tsis tsim nyog; nrog 76% hauv kev pom zoo tias koj qhov kev txiav txim siab coj ib hnub mob kuj yog nyob ntawm koj txoj haujlwm. Piv txwv li, yog tias koj txoj haujlwm koom nrog kev ua haujlwm nrog cov neeg uas muaj kev tiv thaiv kev tiv thaiv kabmob, xws li menyuam yaus lossis cov neeg laus, nws yuav yog qhov zoo rau nyob hauv tsev.

Thiab yeej tsis ua ib tus tub rog yog tias nws yuav yog ib qho mob hnyav dua.

Fenton hais tias “Kuv yuav xav siv sijhawm los so yog tias koj muaj qhov kub thiab txias heev, nrog tshee thiab tshee tshee, tsis txhob siv tshuaj paracetamol lossis ibuprofen,”. (Cov tsos mob no tsis pom nrog tus mob khaub thuas thiab yuav qhia teeb meem loj dua.)

Nws hais ntxiv tias koj tuaj yeem xav siv sijhawm so haujlwm yog tias koj tus mob muaj mob ntau dua qhov zoo dua hauv lub sijhawm ib asthiv. Tib yam siv tau yog tias koj muaj ib qho kev mob uas tswj kev tiv thaiv kab mob xws li mob ntshav qab zib, mob plawv lossis mob ntsws tseem ceeb.

Nws hais tias “Kuv xav pom qhov yuav tsum tau txais kev pom zoo kom pom koj GP nyob hauv cov xwm txheej no, lossis yog tias cov kev kho mob ntau dhau ntawm qhov chaw yuav tsum tau so thiab tau so tom qab ib lis piam lossis ob,”.

Yog li cov neeg ua haujlwm yuav tsum nyob hauv tsev thaum lawv tau khaub thuas? Lo lus teb, nyob rau hauv luv luv, yog: “Nws yog qhov nyuaj.” Yog tias nws tsuas yog mob khaub thuas xwb, qhov mob yuav daws tau ntawm nws tus kheej thiab (nyob ntawm koj qhov chaw ua haujlwm) tsis tshua muaj txiaj ntsig ua rau tsis tuaj kawm ntawv. Txawm li cas los xij, yog tias koj xav tias koj yuav muaj kev mob hnyav dua, xws li mob khaub thuas, koj yuav tsum yog qhov tseem ceeb tshaj ua kom rov zoo.

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