Koj puas yuav tsum txhawj xeeb txog kev phiv nrog tshuaj malaria?


Koj puas yuav tsum txhawj xeeb txog kev phiv tshuaj mob npaws?

Kev tiv thaiv koj tus kheej tiv thaiv kabmob malaria yog ib qeb ob. Bernie Carroll hais tias, “Thawj zaug,” tus kws saib xyuas neeg mob tus kws ntsuam xyuas mob los ntawm Lub Chaw Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Nyab Xeeb hauv Tsev Kawm Ntawv Qib Siab London Tsev Kho Mob, “yog kuaj xyuas seb thaj chaw koj mus ncig puas muaj nyob rau hauv cov npe rau kev siv tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob. Muaj qee lub tebchaws raug rho tawm. Cov kev tiv thaiv tom yog tam sim no yog thawj kab kev tiv thaiv ntawm qee thaj tsam – hnav ris tsho uas tsim nyog, siv nets thiab tshuaj pleev. “

Cov cheeb tsam siab tshaj plaws rau kev pheej hmoo yog West Africa, Qab Teb Asmeskas thiab thaj chaw hauv Asia.

“Qee lub sij hawm cov neeg uas rov qab mus rau lawv lub teb chaws xav tias lawv tsis muaj kev pheej hmoo thiab tsis noj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob tiv thaiv kab mob. Cov npe tshuaj uas tsim nyog rau thaj tsam tuaj yeem nrhiav tau ntawm NHS Fitfortravel lub vev xaib,” Carroll hais.

Koj tus kws muag tshuaj lossis tsev kho mob yuav tsum muaj peev xwm tawm tswv yim txog cov tshuaj zoo tshaj plaws rau koj, yog tias koj mus ncig lwm qhov chaw lawv xav tau. Qee cov tshuaj yuav tsis tsim nyog nyob ntawm koj li keeb kwm kho mob lossis, piv txwv, yog koj cev xeeb tub los yog pub niam mis. Lwm qhov kev xav los xav txog yog tus nqi ntawm cov tshuaj thiab sai npaum li cas koj yuav mus rau hnub so. Qee cov tshuaj yuav tsum raug coj mus txog peb lub lis piam ua ntej koj mus ncig.

Nyeem cov npe ntawm cov kev mob tshwm sim ntawm ib qho tshuaj twg yog qhov ib txwm muaj kev txaus ntshai – thiab muaj peev xwm txaus kom ua rau tib neeg tshem lawv. Tab sis Dr Sarah Jarvis, Tus Neeg Mob Tus Thawj Coj hauv chav kho mob, qhia tias nws yog qhov tseem ceeb los muab cov kev pheej hmoo no tso rau hauv kev xav.

“Ua ntej, nws yog qhov tseem ceeb uas yuav tsum nco ntsoov tias cov tuam txhab yuav tsum sau tag nrho cov kev phiv uas tshwm sim los ntawm lawv cov tshuaj, tsis hais txawm tsawg npaum li cas. “Txawm hais tias cov kev mob tshwm sim heev tshaj plaws yuav tsis pom muaj txog li 90% ntawm cov neeg siv tshuaj. Thiab qhov thib ob, koj yuav tsum hnyav rau qhov txaus ntshai ntawm kev noj tshuaj nrog rau kev pheej hmoo kis mob malaria yog tias koj tsis noj Malaria yog yam mob hnyav thiab txaus ntshai tshaj li qhov noj tshuaj. “

Hnub no npaj yuav tshuaj yuav tshuaj

Npaj kev sab laj nrog koj tus kws muag tshuaj hauv zos ntawm Patient Access los tham txog koj cov phiaj xwm kev mus ncig thiab kev tiv thaiv tus kabmob malaria.

Phau ntawv tam sim no

Cov kev mob tshwm sim ntau npaum li cas?

Kev phiv tshuaj yog tshwm sim heev nrog txhua cov tshuaj. Ib qho kev mob tshwm sim yog tshwm sim heev yog tias nws cuam tshuam txog li ntawm ib ntawm kaum tus neeg thiab ntau tus yog tias nws cuam tshuam ib ntawm 100.

GP Dr Jeff Foster tau hais tias: “Cov kev mob tshwm sim feem ntau ntawm cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob ua rau ntau dua ib ntawm 10 tus neeg. Piv txwv, nrog Malarone, cov kev mob tshwm sim no heev tuaj yeem suav kev mob taub hau, xeev siab, mob plab thiab raws plab. , tawm pob ntawm daim tawv nqaij thiab lub siab hloov pauv lossis ua npau suav tsis zoo cuam tshuam rau 1% mus rau 10% ntawm cov neeg mob. “

Cov kev mob tshwm sim feem ntau yog me me thiab dhau mus, feem ntau tuaj yeem tshwm sim nyob rau hauv hnub.

Cov kev mob tshwm sim uas cuam tshuam tsawg dua ib ntawm 100 tus neeg muaj peev xwm suav nrog ua plaub hau, zawv plaub hau thiab liab los yog mob lub qhov ncauj. Tsis tshua muaj, nws yuav ua rau muaj kev hloov pauv rau koj cov ntshav uas yuav tshwm sim hauv kev kuaj ntshav, yog li koj yuav tsum qhia koj tus kws kho mob yog tias koj siv tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob thiab xav tau kev kuaj ntshav.

Cov kev mob tshwm sim tsis tshua muaj neeg tuaj yeem suav nrog kev puas siab ntsws, qaug dab peg thiab ntshai heev tab sis cov no muaj tsawg heev tsis muaj cov duab rau lawv cov zaus.

Nrog rau ib qho yeeb tshuaj zoo li doxycycline, Foster hais tias: “Qhov no yog ib qho tshuaj siv heev thiab txawm hais tias muaj tsawg tus mob plab me ntsis, nws tseem ua rau muaj kev yoog yoog raws li kev saib xyuas zoo li ntawd yuav tsum saib xyuas kom tsis txhob raug tshav.”

Feem ntau, mob lub plab yuav tswj tau raws li koj ib txwm ua, los ntawm kev noj zaubmov kom txog rau thaum cov tsos mob nqig. Txawm li cas los xij, qee zaum nws pom zoo kom koj sim koj txoj kev kho ua ntej hnub so. Nrog rau mefloquine (Lariam), piv txwv li, koj yuav tsum pib noj tshuaj peb lub lis piam ua ntej koj mus, kom koj muaj sij hawm hloov mus rau lwm txoj yog tias koj muaj cov kev mob tshwm sim loj heev.

Carroll tseem qhia ntxiv tias cov tshuaj yuav tsum muaj lub sijhawm sim yog tias koj txhawj xeeb txog cov kev mob tshwm sim, yog li koj tuaj yeem hloov mus rau lwm qhov ua ntej koj mus.

Patient.info

Txais cov tshuaj malaria los ntawm koj tus kws muag tshuaj

Thaum Lub Xya Hli 2017 tsoomfwv lub cev uas tswj cov tshuaj hauv tebchaws Askiv, MHRA, tshaj tawm nws qhov kev txiav txim siab …

5min

  • Txais cov tshuaj malaria los ntawm koj tus kws muag tshuaj

    Txais cov tshuaj malaria los ntawm koj tus kws muag tshuaj

    5min

Kev ua xua tsis haum

Ua xua tuaj yeem tshwm sim nrog ib qho yeeb tshuaj. Cov paib muaj xws li:

  • Cov pob khaus uas khaus khaus, ua pob thiab txhaws – nws yog qhov ua kom khaus lossis khaus.
  • Nyuaj rau kev ua pa.
  • Nplaig lossis di ncauj o.
  • Qhov zoo nkaus li muaj kev ntxhov siab lossis ntshai.

Qhov no yog ib qho mob xwm txheej kub ceev thiab koj yuav tsum hu rau lub tsheb tos neeg mob lossis mus rau A&E sai li sai tau.

“Noj tshuaj antihistamine yog tias ua tau, lossis steroids, tab sis kev kho mob thawj zaug feem ntau yog EpiPen,” Foster.

Koj cov tshuaj xaiv tau dab tsi?

Malarone

Ib qho tshuaj uas nrov tshaj plaws rau kev mus ncig ua si luv luv yog Malarone. Cov tshuaj no yuav tsum tau tsuas yog rau ib mus rau ob hnub ua ntej taug kev, txhua hnub thaum mus txawv tebchaws thiab xya hnub thaum rov qab los. Qhov no ua rau nws yooj yim siv tab sis nws kuj tseem kim heev rau kev ncig ntev. Nws tsis tuaj yeem siv los ntawm cov poj niam cev xeeb tub.

Cov kev mob tshwm sim feem ntau zoo li yuav ua rau mob plab thiab mob taub hau. Cov no tuaj yeem txo qis dua thaum koj lub cev siv cov tshuaj.

Mefloquine

Mefloquine (tseem paub zoo li Lariam) yog ib yam tshuaj uas ua tau zoo heev thiab tuaj yeem siv rau kev taug kev mus ntev. Txawm li cas los xij, nws kuj tseem yuav cuam tshuam nrog phiv loj heev. Cov no suav nrog kev ntxhov siab, tiag tiag li npau suav, kev ntxhov siab thiab tinnitus. Txhua tus neeg uas mob qaug dab peg tsis tuaj yeem siv.

Carroll tau qhia tias “Cov tshuaj no tau cuam tshuam txog cov teebmeem kev mob hlwb tsis tu ncua thiab peb yuav tsis muab nws coj los kho rau ib tus twg uas muaj keeb kwm txog teebmeem kev mob hlwb”

Cov txiaj ntsig ntawm cov tshuaj yog nws noj ib zaug ib asthiv ntau dua li txhua hnub, uas qee tus neeg nyiam, thiab ib zaug ib lim tiam rov qab los rau plaub lub lis piam.

Doxycycline

Doxycycline yog tshuaj tua kab mob uas yog ib qho tshuaj tiv thaiv zoo rau kev kis mob npaws. Qee tus neeg twb tau noj nws rau cov tawv nqaij mob xws li pob txuv. Nws tuaj yeem pib ib lossis ob hnub ua ntej taug kev, tab sis yuav tsum tau noj txhua hnub thiab plaub lub lis piam rov qab los. Nws tsis tuaj yeem siv los ntawm cev xeeb tub lossis pub niam mis rau poj niam lossis menyuam yaus hnub nyoog qis dua 12 xyoos.

Cov kev phiv tuaj yeem suav nrog kev mob plab, pom tus poj niam thiab ua rau raug tshav ntuj. Nws tsis kim nws thiaj li tsim nyog nyob rau hauv siab rau kev mus ncig ntev dua.

Chloroquine

Chloroquine tsis muaj txiaj ntsig tshwj xeeb yog qhov tshuaj tiv thaiv rau tus mob npaws thiab tsis tshua muaj tshuaj los ntawm nws tus kheej. Nws muaj kev pheej hmoo ntawm phiv, qee qhov me me nyiam lub plab tab sis lwm tus uas hnyav dua.

Kav tsij siv nrog koj txoj kev kho mob

Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb rau kev noj koj cov tshuaj tom qab koj rov qab los ntawm koj txoj kev ncig, txawm tias koj xis neej. Yog tias koj muaj cov tsos mob ntawm tus mob npaws, uas tuaj yeem suav nrog kev kub taub hau, mob taub hau, mob ib ce thiab mob, ntuav thiab raws plab, koj yuav tsum mus ntsib koj tus kws kho mob sai lossis mus rau lub tsev kho mob tshwj xeeb qhov chaw uas lawv kho cov kab mob tauj. Feem ntau ntawm cov malaria tshwm sim qhov twg tsis siv tshuaj tiv thaiv, los yog tsis siv kom zoo.

Lwm txoj kev tiv thaiv kom tsis txhob muaj mob malaria

Txawm hais tias koj noj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom tsis txhob raug yoov tshaj cum tom yog thaum twg ua tau. Txawm tias cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob ua hauj lwm zoo heev yog siv raws li kws kho mob hais tseg, lawv tsis muaj kev tiv thaiv 100%, yog li koj tuaj yeem txo qee qhov seem me me uas tseem muaj nyob ntxiv los ntawm:

  • Siv yoov tshaj cum impregnated nrog ib tug zoo tshuaj tua kab.
  • Hnav ris ntev thiab tsho ntev ntev, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog yav tsaus ntuj.
  • Siv tshuaj pleev cov tshuaj tua kab kom zoo, zoo rau muaj DEET (uas ua haujlwm tau ntev dua li lwm cov tshuaj pleev).
  • Pw hauv chav tsev cua txias.
  • Txau koj chav nrog tshuaj tua kab ua ntej tsaus ntuj zuag.
  • Ua kom lub qhov rooj thiab cov qhov rai kaw thaum hmo ntuj tshwj tsis yog muaj lub vijtsam mos.

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