Kev qeeb hauv hom mob ntshav qab zib hom 2


Kev qeeb hauv hom mob ntshav qab zib hom 2

Txoj kev tshawb nrhiav, luam tawm hauv BMJ, pom tias cov tswv yim tiv thaiv tuaj yeem txo cov neeg tau txais kev kuaj ntshav qab zib hom 2. Cov kws tshawb nrhiav pom tias tom qab xyoo 2005 ntau lub tebchaws tau nyiaj ntau pib pom tias muaj neeg mob ntshav qab zib tsawg zuj zus. Lawv pom cov pov thawj tsawg tsawg los ntawm cov teb chaws tau nyiaj tsawg thiab nruab nrab.

Hauv kev tshuaj xyuas cov pov thawj, cov kws tshawb nrhiav hauv tebchaws Australia pom tias txawm muaj ntau txoj kev tshawb nrhiav txog tus kab mob ntshav qab zib (tus naj npawb ntawm cov neeg nyob nrog ntshav qab zib), qee leej tau saib txog kev muaj ntshav qab zib (cov neeg uas nyuam qhuav muaj mob tshiab).

Ntawm ntshav qab zib hom 2, lub cev txuas ntxiv ua cov insulin uas tswj ntshav hauv cov ntshav qab zib. Txawm li cas los xij, lub cev txawm tias tsis txaus lossis tsis siv cov insulin zoo.

Tsis zoo li hom ntshav qab zib hom 1, uas tus neeg mob yug los, tus mob ntshav qab zib hom 2 yuav tshwm sim tom qab lub neej thiab muaj ntau dua rau cov neeg rog thiab laus dua txawm hais tias nws ua rau cov menyuam yaus thiab cov hluas poob zuj zus. Kev tswj hwm tus mob feem ntau cuam tshuam kev hloov pauv ntawm kev noj haus thiab kev tawm dag zog. Hauv tebchaws Askiv, kwv yees li 1 ntawm 10 tus neeg hnub nyoog 45-54 xyoos muaj ntshav qab zib thiab li 1 ntawm 4 tus neeg laus dua 75 xyoos muaj ntshav qab zib. 9 nyob rau hauv 10 kis mob ntshav qab zib yog hom 2.

Raws li kev soj ntsuam, thaum xyoo 1990 thiab 2014 tus naj npawb ntawm cov neeg muaj tus mob ntshav qab zib hom 2 tau nce ua ntej muaj kev ruaj khov lossis txo qis tom qab xyoo 2005. Thaum xyoo 1990 txog 2005, 67% ntawm 100 lub teb chaws tau kawm muaj kev nce tus mob tshiab. Los ntawm 2006, tsuas yog ib feem peb ntawm cov pejxeem txuas ntxiv mus tshaj tawm txog kev nce ntxiv uas 30% thiab 36% tau ruaj khov lossis poob qis dua qhov xwm txheej, feem.

Feem ntau ntawm cov tebchaws uas nyuam qhuav dhau los tswj xyuas hom kabmob ntshav qab zib hom 2 feem ntau yog los ntawm Europe lossis Sab Hnub Tuaj Asia.

Cov kws tshawb nrhiav hais tias cov tswv yim kev tiv thaiv, kev kawm txog kev noj qab haus huv thiab kev paub txog “muaj peev xwm ua rau muaj qhov hloov no, qhia tias kev siv thoob ntiaj teb los tiv thaiv tus kab mob ntshav qab zib ntau dua kaum xyoo dhau los yuav ua tau zoo”.

Hauv kev tshaj tawm rau BBC, Dr Emily Burns lub taub hau ntawm kev tshawb fawb kev sib txuas lus ntawm Mob Ntshav Qab Zib UK, qhia txog tias txawm tias qhov kev tshawb pom no muaj qhov zoo, ntau tus yuav tsum tau ua los tiv thaiv kev kuaj mob ntshav qab zib hom 2 ntxiv. “Cov kev cov nyom uas ua los ntawm kev rog dhau thiab kev ua neej tsis zoo – kev tsav tsheb ob lub ntsiab rau cov ntshav qab zib hom 2 – tseem yog qhov tseem ceeb.

“Yog vim li cas, thaum kev tshawb pom tseem ceeb, txoj kev tshawb fawb no tsis cuam tshuam txog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm cov teeb meem ntshav qab zib zuj zus thiab kev tiv thaiv tseem ceeb los pab daws qhov teebmeem no.”

Qhov kev tshawb fawb no tau luam tawm nyob rau hauv BMJ.

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