Txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv myths koj yuav tsum tsis txhob ntseeg


Txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv myths koj yuav tsum tsis txhob ntseeg

‘Tshuaj tiv thaiv ua rau tsi txawj has lug’

Thov tias qhov txhaj tshuaj mob qhua pias, mob pob qog thiab rubella (MMR) ua rau muaj tus kab mob autism tau mus ncig txij li kev tshawb fawb qhia txog qhov txuas los ntawm tus kws kho mob kws kho mob nyav Andrew Wakefield tau luam tawm xyoo 1998. Qhov kev xav no tau raug rhuav tshem thiab tsis pom zoo thiab Wakefield tau tawm ntawm kev siv tshuaj.

Txawm li cas los xij, qhov cuam tshuam ntawm kev kawm me me no tsuas yog 12 tus neeg mob tau ua rau tseem ceeb – thiab tseem muaj kev txhawj xeeb ntawm cov niam txiv txog cov tshuaj tiv thaiv MMR. Kab mob qhua pias tau nce txog 30% thoob ntiaj teb nyob rau xyoo tas los no, thiab tam sim no muaj tus mob qhua pias nyob rau New York thiab mob qog nyob rau Nottingham – txawm hais tias muaj tshuaj tiv thaiv zoo uas tuaj yeem tiv thaiv cov kab mob no.

Helen Bedford, ntawm Royal College of Paediatrics thiab Menyuam Txoj Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv, hais tias “Tsis muaj ib qho pov thawj tshawb fawb tau zoo los txhawb lub tswv yim tias MMR koob tshuaj tiv thaiv ua rau mob autism.” “Txawm hais tias thawj daim ntawv uas teeb tsa kev ntxhov siab tau ua tsis zoo thiab tom qab ntawd tau muaj ntau cov kev tshawb fawb tau zoo, suav nrog cov kev tshawb fawb luam tawm tam sim no hauv Denmark, uas suav txog 650,000 cov menyuam yaus thiab pom dua tsis muaj pov thawj lossis txuas.”

Thiab Dr Natalie Riddell, kws qhia txog Immunology thiab Aging ntawm University of Surrey ntxiv tias: “Yeej tsis tsim nyog rau tib neeg ua rau lawv cov phooj ywg thiab tsev neeg muaj mob, lossis tseem yuav tuag, los ntawm qhua pias lossis mob qog, vim tias muaj tshuaj tiv thaiv zoo thiab siv tau Yuav tiv thaiv ob qho tib si. Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv no yuav tsum raug muab rau cov menyuam muaj hnub nyoog 1 xyoos thiab ib zaug thaum muaj hnub nyoog 3 xyoos. Txhua tus uas tsis tau txhaj ib lossis ob hom tshuaj tiv thaiv MMR yuav tsum mus ntsib lawv tus GP los npaj nrhiav tshuaj tiv thaiv. “

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‘Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv muaj cov khoom xyaw tsis zoo’

Qee cov neeg uas tawm tsam cov tshuaj tiv thaiv tau qhia tias lawv muaj cov khoom xyaw tsis zoo. Bedford hais, tab sis qhov no tsis yooj yim.

“Koj muaj cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob tseem ceeb, uas ua rau koj lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob, thiab ib co ntawm lwm cov khoom xyaw muaj nyob rau hauv cov tshuaj tiv thaiv rau lawv kev nyab xeeb – kom lawv tsis txhob cuam tshuam nrog cov kab mob, uas yuav ua rau muaj kev sib kis tsis zoo, lossis ua rau lawv ua haujlwm zoo dua.

“Qhov teeb meem nrog txhua yam ntawm cov khoom xyaw tsis yog qhov tseeb tias lawv nyob ntawd, tab sis ntau npaum li cas yog muaj. Thiab nws yog kiag li feeb feeb.”

Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv muaj cov khoom siv nyob rau hauv ib koob tshuaj txawm tias qis dua li qhov peb ib txwm tau raug.

“Piv txwv, cov tshuaj tiv thaiv uas tua muaj ib qho me me ntawm txhuas. Qhov tseeb, peb txhua tus muaj txhuas txhua lub sijhawm. Nws yog ib qho ntawm feem ntau pom nyob ib puag ncig. Nws yog nyob hauv menyuam yaus thiab leej niam cov kua mis,” Bedford hais.

‘Kev tiv thaiv kab mob ib puag ncig zoo dua li kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob’

Cov teeb meem uas muaj cov kab mob ntuj yog koj yuav tuag los ntawm lawv, piav qhia Bedford. “Nws yog qhov tseem ceeb.”

Nws taw qhia tias peb raug cov tshuaj lom txhua lub sijhawm, uas ua kom muaj kev tiv thaiv hauv lub cev thiab pab tsim cov tshuaj tiv thaiv.

“Cov khoom uas peb tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv yog yam uas muaj feem ua rau mob hnyav – lawv tuaj yeem ua tsis tau tsuas yog menyuam yaus mob hnyav xwb tabsis cia lawv nrog cov kev mob tshwm sim tas mus ib txhis lossis lawv tua. Qhov ntawd yog qhov pheej hmoo uas koj khiav los ntawm kev tso cai hais kom txhom kab mob raws kev ntsaj xeeb, “nws hais.

‘Koj tsis tas yuav txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv li txhua tus menyuam tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv’

Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv yog lub luag haujlwm ntawm lub zej zog – yog li thaum muaj kev txhaj tshuaj ntau (kwv yees 95%), koj tau txais kev tiv thaiv tsiaj txhu. Qhov no txo ​​txoj kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev tshwm sim.

“Kuv nyiam lo lus ‘tiv thaiv zej zog’, uas txhais tau tias cov neeg tuaj yeem tsis tuaj yeem txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv, vim tias tseem hluas dhau, ua rau lub cev tsis muaj zog lossis tseem tsis tau txiav txim siab tsis txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv lawv cov menyuam, muaj kev tiv thaiv los ntawm kev tiv thaiv kab mob hauv lwm tus lub zej zog, “piav qhia Bedford.

“Cov kab hauv qab yog tias txhua tus pib xav zoo li no, yuav tsis muaj qhov zoo li kev tiv thaiv tsiaj txhu. Peb muaj 1,000 tus mob qhua pias xyoo dhau los, uas yog qhov nce ntau ntawm xyoo dhau los. Thiab muaj ntau tus neeg mob hauv cov menyuam yaus vim tias peb tsis txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv menyuam yaus hnub nyoog qis dua 1 xyoos nrog MMR (vim tias nws tsis tshua zoo ua ntej hnub nyoog no). Thiab yog qhov teebmeem tiag. “

Dr David Elliman, tus kws pab tswv yim ntawm Great Ormond Street Tsev Kho Mob, hais tias, “Txawm hais tias UK muaj tus nqi nce siab tshaj rau cov tshuaj tiv thaiv niaj hnub, tsis suav nrog tus mob khaub thuas, lawv tsis siab txaus los tswj kev tiv thaiv tsiaj txhu. txhawj xeeb. “

‘Cov ntawv txhaj tshuaj ntau dhau qhov menyuam tsis muaj zog tiv thaiv’

Qee tus niam txiv yuav txhawj xeeb tias lawv cov menyuam tau txais ntau yam tshuaj tiv thaiv ib zaug. Txawm li cas los xij, kev tshawb fawb tau qhia tias muab cov tshuaj tiv thaiv rau ntau tus menyuam rau tib lub sijhawm tsis muaj kev cuam tshuam zoo rau lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob. Kev tshawb fawb, tshaj tawm hauv Phau Ntawv Xov Xwm ntawm American Medical Association, pom tias cov menyuam yaus uas tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob feem ntau yuav tsis muaj kev sib kis tau zoo dua li cov uas muaj tsawg dua lossis cov uas tau kis mus rau lawv.

“Cov menyuam yaus niaj hnub kis los ntawm cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob txawv teb chaws. Yog li, qhov tseeb dab tsi nyob rau hauv cov tshuaj tiv thaiv yog qhov me me piv rau qhov koj raug rau txhua hnub. , “hais tias xibfwb Bedford

Kev phom sij ntawm kev tsis txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv

Nws yog ib qho ib txwm txhawj txog qhov yuav tshwm sim los ntawm kev txhaj tshuaj. Tab sis, qhov tseeb, kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv muaj kev nyab xeeb dua li tsis muaj kev txhaj tshuaj ib tus.

Bedford hais tias “Kev phom sij ntawm kev tsis txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob suav nrog kev rov kis kab mob. Nws tau taw qhia tias yog tias kev siv tshuaj tiv thaiv poob – cov kab mob no yuav rov qab los.

“Yog tias koj tsis txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv koj tus menyuam, lawv yuav muaj feem kis mob xws li qhua pias, mob qhua pias lossis mob qog thiab lawv cov teebmeem – uas suav nrog mob hlwb rau lub hlwb (mob hlwb), mob ntsws thiab mob hlwb. Qhov no tuaj yeem ua rau tuag lossis lawv tuaj yeem ua tsis tiav rau tag nrho lawv lub neej, “hais tias GP Dr Anuj Chaturvedi.

Kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv yog ua tib zoo siv sijhawm rau lub laj thawj zoo, ntxiv rau Bedford. “Lawv tau muab qee theem tshwj xeeb kom muaj kev tiv thaiv menyuam yaus kom sai li sai tau. Yog tias koj tsis tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv, koj tseem ua rau lwm tus muaj kev pheej hmoo, suav nrog cov pojniam xeeb menyuam, cov menyuam mos hnub nyoog qis dua rau kev txhaj tshuaj thiab cov uas muaj lub cev tsis muaj zog tiv thaiv. “

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