Vitamin B12 ntsuas cov paib koj yuav tsum paub


Vitamin B12 ntsuas cov paib koj yuav tsum paub

Ib yam li lwm cov vitamins B, B12 muaj ntau yam ntawm cov luag haujlwm hauv lub cev. Cov no suav nrog kev tso tawm lub zog los ntawm cov zaub mov peb noj thiab tiv thaiv kev nkees thiab qaug zog.

Lwm lub luag haujlwm ntawm cov vitamin B12 yog:

  • Tswj kev noj qab haus huv lub hlwb thiab lub hlwb kev noj qab haus huv.
  • Pab tsim cov DNA.
  • Ua haujlwm nrog folate (lwm cov vitamin B) los tsim cov qe ntshav liab.
  • Txhawb nqa lub cev tsis muaj zog.

Cov tsos mob tsis txaus

Yog tias koj tsis muaj cov vitamin B12 txaus, koj yuav ua neeg mob tsis huv. Cov cim qhia koj nyob qis yog suav nrog:

  • Nkees nkees, qaug zog, zoo li tsaus muag, thiab ua tsis taus pa.
  • Mob taub hau, mob plawv, hloov pauv saj, tsis qab los, thiab lub pob ntseg nrov (pob ntseg).
  • Tawv nqaij daj.
  • Tsawg tsis siab.

Cov kab mob tsis txaus ntawm cov vitamin B12 ua rau tus kab mob pernicious anemia uas yuav ua rau cov hlab hlwb tsis muaj teeb meem yog tias tsis kho. Cov tsos mob thaum ntxov muaj xws li mob, tus nplaig liab, qhov ncauj mob, pins thiab koob, tawv nqaij txiv qaub, hloov pauv mus ob peb vas lossis lub hlwb ua haujlwm, thiab tsis pom kev zoo. Yog tias koj txhawj xeeb txog ib qho ntawm cov tsos mob no, koj tus kws kho mob yuav tuaj yeem tshawb fawb thiab tawm tswv yim.

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Cov cim qhia koj yuav muaj ntshav tsawg

Peb txhua tus muaj kev nkees me ntsis thiab dhia dhau ib lub sijhawm. Tab sis yog tias qhov kev xav txuas ntxiv, lossis yog e …

4min

  • Cov cim qhia koj yuav muaj ntshav tsawg

    Cov cim qhia koj yuav muaj ntshav tsawg

    4min

Cov khoom noj zoo tshaj plaws rau B12

Vitamin B12 yog dej-soluble uas txhais tau tias nws tsis khaws cia hauv lub cev. Peb cov ntshav thiab cov nqaij muaj nyob ib ncig ntawm 2.5 micrograms ntawm cov vitamin thiab peb xav tau nruab nrab ntawm 1 thiab 1.5 micrograms txhua hnub kom cov qib no nce siab. Qhov no ua tau yooj yim nyob rau hauv cov khoom noj muaj txiaj ntsig, tab sis ntau tus neeg tuaj yeem ploj lawm.

Tus Kws qhia txog khoom noj khoom haus, Dr Emma Derbyshire sau tseg: “Raws li Kev Tshawb Fawb Txog Kev Tshawb Fawb Hauv Tebchaws thiab Lub Tebchaws Tshiab, nyob ib ncig ntawm 5% ntawm cov neeg laus hnub nyoog 19-64 xyoo thiab tub ntxhais hluas muaj vitamin B12 (qib ntshav) qis dua qhov zoo tshaj plaws pom zoo los ntawm World Health Organization . Hauv cov neeg muaj hnub nyoog tshaj 64 xyoo, qhov no nce mus rau 6-7%. Txawm li cas los xij, neeg feem coob tau txais B12 txaus los ntawm lawv cov kev noj haus ib txwm muaj. “

Qhov tseem ceeb ntawm cov vitamins B12 yog cov nqaij liab, qaib ntxhw (tsis yog nqaij qaib), ntses, qe, mis, thiab lwm yam khoom noj siv mis.

Yuav luag txhua txhua hnub ua noj ua tshais muaj ceem nrog cov vitamins B12 uas muaj hluavtaws, uas yog qhov khoom siv rau cov neeg tsis noj nqaij. Nco ntsoov tias, feem ntau nws tau hais tias cov poov xab thiab qee yam khoom noj cog muaj vitamin B12 tab sis qhov no yog qhov tswvyim hais ua dabneeg (tshwj tsis yog cov khoom lag luam muaj cov tshuaj tiv thaiv). Qhov kev ua txhaum tau tshwm sim vim tias cov txheej txheem kev ntsuas tau siv los ntsuas cov qib vitamin B12 hauv cov zaub mov suav nrog cov ntawv tsis muaj zog ntawm cov vitamin, hu ua corrinoids.

Leej twg thiaj li muaj kev pheej hmoo?

Raws li cov vitamins B12 muaj dav heev nyob rau hauv UK cov zaub mov noj, tsuas yog peb pawg muaj qhov teeb meem nrog kev tsis txaus ntseeg: vegans, cov neeg laus thiab cov neeg muaj mob plab, xws li mob plab hnyuv lossis Helicobacter pylori kis tau tus mob.

Tab sis qee cov tshuaj, suav nrog colchicine, neomycin, metformin, anticonvulsants thiab tshuaj los tswj kev mob plab gastric, kuj tseem tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev pheej hmoo ntawm vitamin B12.

Qib Vitamin B12 tej zaum yuav qis dua qhov zoo tshaj plaws hauv cov poj niam siv kev tiv thaiv qhov ncauj tab sis pheej hmoo ntawm tsis muaj peev xwm yog tsawg heev. Tseem, nws tsim nyog kuaj xyuas tias koj tab tom noj ib lossis ob qho khoom noj muaj txiaj ntsig zoo ntawm vitamin B12 txhua hnub, lossis siv cov multivitamin, yog tias koj noj tshuaj tiv thaiv qhov ncauj.

Cov plhws ntoo

Cov tsiaj txhu noj zaub mov kom nruj (tsis muaj nqaij, mis nyuj, ntses, qe, zib ntab) tau noj 1-2% ntawm cov neeg thiab tseem tuaj yeem nrov luv luv ua rau cov hluas thiab cov hluas.

Txawm li cas los xij, raws li Dr Clare Pettinger los ntawm Plymouth University hais tias: “Yog tias tsis muaj kev saib xyuas zoo yog coj los rau ntau cov khoom noj muaj txiaj ntsig lossis sib xyaw nrog kev noj zaub mov thaum pom zoo, qee yam tseem ceeb ntawm cov khoom noj tuaj yeem ua tsis txaus. Cov no suav nrog vitamin B12, vitamin D, hlau, Vegan, calcium thiab iodine Vegan Society lub vev xaib tawm tswv yim tias vegans qhov muaj cov vitamins B12 los ntawm cov zaub mov muaj zog xws li cov vegan muaj zog, kis poov xab muaj poov xab, muaj poov xab muaj poov xab thiab zaub mov tshais. D, iodine thiab selenium. “

Neeg laus

Cov teeb meem ntawm cov vitamin B12 tsis yog ib txwm muaj los ntawm kev noj zaub mov tsis zoo hauv pab pawg no; theej, lawv tshwm sim los ntawm qhov tsis muaj protein nyob hauv plab uas pab B12 kev nqus. Raws li tib neeg muaj hnub nyoog, qib ib txwm poob qis tab sis, nyob rau qee tus neeg, kev tsim tawm ntawm cov khoom siv tshuaj lom neeg qis qis dua li B12 tsis tuaj yeem nqus tau kom zoo txawm tias muaj ntau npaum li cas hauv kev noj zaub mov. Qhov no yog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm tus kab mob pernicious anemia (tau piav qhia saum toj saud), tus mob uas cuam tshuam txog li ib ntawm kaum tus neeg laus hauv tebchaws Askiv.

Cov kev kuaj mob, xws li cov ntshav B12, kev kuaj ntshav kuaj ntshav (IFA) thiab kuaj Schilling (saib kev nqus), tuaj yeem kuaj xyuas seb puas muaj teeb meem tsis txaus. Qib Folic acid qib yuav tsum ntsuas kom tsis suav cov folate deficiency ua cov tsos mob tshwm sim, vim ob qho xwm txheej feem ntau mus tes ua ke. Cov txheej txheem kev kho mob yog ib txwm txhaj tshuaj vitamin B12.

Cov zaub mov sib txawv yog cov lus teb

Yog tias noj ntau yam zaub mov txawv, ob peb tus neeg yuav tsum txhawj txog kev tau txais cov vitamin B12 txaus.

Derbyshire ntxiv hais tias: “Raws li cov vitamins B12 yog dej-soluble, nws tsis yog khaws cia rau hauv lub cev thiaj li tsis muaj kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev noj ntau dhau, tab sis yog tias koj noj tshuaj pab, nco ntsoov ua raws li cov khw muag cov lus qhia txog kev haus tshuaj. ntau tshaj qhov pom zoo 1.5 micrograms ib hnub. “

Rau cov neeg muaj kev pheej hmoo txaus, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov neeg laus, vegans ntev thiab cov neeg uas muaj qee yam mob, ua tib zoo saib xyuas koj cov zaub mov kom zoo thiab ua kom ntseeg tau tias muaj kev txhawj xeeb nrog koj tus kws kho mob lossis kws kho mob tham. Cov neeg saib xyuas ntawm cov neeg laus yuav tsum paub txog cov tsos mob tshwm sim thaum ntxov thiab paub meej txog cov kws kho mob yuav tsum muaj ib qho ntawm cov no.

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