Qhov kev ntsuam xyuas smear txawv txav no tuaj yeem txhais tau li cas


Qhov kev ntsuam xyuas smear txawv txav no tuaj yeem txhais tau li cas

Kuv nyuam qhuav tau txais kuv thawj daim ntawv caw rau kev kuaj mob ncauj tsev menyuam los ntawm tus ncej (Kuv yuav luag 25) thiab kuv yuav tsum lees qhov kuv muaj qee yam zoo siab heev. Zoo ib yam li tau txais kuv thawj daim ntawv sau npe xaiv tsa thaum muaj 18, Kuv tau muaj kev nkag siab tias qhov no yog qhov tseem ceeb thiab zoo uas yuav tsum ua. Tu siab ntau, qhov no tsis yog rau ntau tus poj niam.

Nyob ib ncig ntawm 2,600 tus poj niam muaj tus mob cervical cancer hauv tebchaws Askiv txhua xyoo thiab nyob ib ncig ntawm 690 ntawm cov neeg no yog neeg tuag taus – uas yog ob leeg tuag txhua hnub. Khwv yees tias yog txhua tus neeg tau mus tshuaj ntsuam tsis tu ncua, tuaj yeem tiv thaiv 83% ntawm cov mob qog nqaij hlav rau ncauj tsev menyuam.

Pej Xeem Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv Tebchaws Askiv (PHE) tau tshaj tawm txoj haujlwm thoob tebchaws, Cervical Screening Saves Lives ‘, sim kom txhawb cov poj niam ntau ntxiv los teb rau lawv daim ntawv kuaj mob ncauj tsev menyuam, koom nrog lawv teem sijhawm thiab rov teem sijhawm nrog lawv GP yog tias lawv tau ua ib zaug dhau los.

Muaj txawm tias nyob rau hauv tsev smear cov khoom siv sim cov qauv kev sim raug coj mus sim xyoo tom qab xyoo no hauv kev twv kom nce kev koom tes thiab paub.

“Kev kuaj mob ncauj tsev menyuam yog ib txoj hauv kev tseem ceeb tshaj plaws uas peb tuaj yeem tiv thaiv kev mob qog nqaij hlav hauv tsev me nyuam, vim tias tsis muaj ib tus poj niam tsim nyog yuav tuag los ntawm tus kab mob,” tus kws kho mob poj niam thiab kws kho mob poj niam Dr Anita Mitra, aka Gynae Geek.

Yuav ua li cas tiag yog kev kuaj mob ncauj tsev menyuam?

Kev tshuaj ntsuam tsis tu ncua tsuas siv sijhawm li 3-5 feeb thiab txawm hais tias muaj ntau yam xav tias, nws tsis yog kev kuaj mob khees-xaws ncauj tsev menyuam.

“Nws yeej saib txog kev noj qab haus huv ntawm lub ncauj tsev menyuam thiab txheeb xyuas cov hlwb tsis zoo uas tuaj yeem hloov mus rau mob qog nqaij hlav tau yog tias tsis kho,” piav qhia Mitra.

Nws yog tus txheej txheem qhia ncaj qha, thiab tus kws tu neeg mob yuav nrog koj txhua kauj ruam ntawm txoj kev.

“Kuv tau kuaj kuv thawj zaug yog thaum kuv muaj 25,” 29 xyoo-masters tus tub ntxhais kawm thiab poj niam pab txhawb kev noj qab haus huv Isha Webber, txiav tawm. “Tus nais maum yeej zoo siab rau kuv; qhia kuv ua pa kom tob thiab piav qhia qhov txawv txav uas kuv yuav muaj dhau los – xws li mob khaub thuas, zawm lossis tsis xis nyob.”

“Txog li ob thiab ib nrab lub lim tiam tom qab kuv tau txais ib tsab ntawv sau hais tias qhov kev tshuaj ntsuam xyuas tau rov qab zoo li qub thiab kuv yuav rov hais qhia rau hauv peb lub sijhawm.” Txog tam sim no, thiaj li zoo.

“Kuv tau pom kuv tus kws tu neeg mob lub Xya Hli dhau los rau qee yam tsis muaj feem cuam tshuam thiab nws hais rau kuv tias kev kuaj mob peb xyoos yog vim li cas, yog li kuv tau sau kuv tus kheej rau hauv.”

Lub sijhawm no nyob ib puag ncig, Webber cov kev tshuaj ntsuam tau ‘txawv txav’.

Patient.info Saib tag nrho

Koj tuaj yeem dhau qub rau qhov kev kuaj smear?

Kuv siv kuv lub sijhawm ntau ntawm kev piav qhia rau kuv cov neeg mob tias ‘lawv’ xwm txheej tam sim no ua ntau dua …


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Dab tsi yog qhov ‘tsis meej’ tshwm sim?

Yog tias koj txoj kev kuaj pom ‘txawv txav’, tsis txhob ntshai. Qhov tshwm sim ntawm tes tshwm sim tsis txhais tau hais tias koj muaj mob qog nqaij hlav rau lub tsev menyuam, tsuas yog pom muaj kev hloov hauv lub hlwb.

Mitra hais tias “Cov kev hloov no tuaj yeem hloov mus rau mob qog noj ntshav. Txawm li cas los xij, yog tias lawv raug tshawb pom nyob rau lub sijhawm, kev kho mob tuaj yeem nres mob cancer ua ntej nws pib,” paub tseeb Mitra.

Thaum Webber tau txais qhov tshwm sim ntawm nws qhov thib ob scan, nws tau hais tias cov neeg ua haujlwm tau mus saum toj thiab dhau los. “Kuv tau txais kev hu xov tooj vim tias tsev kho mob hauv nroog tsis paub meej tias tsab ntawv yuav xa tuaj rau kuv raws sijhawm.”

Lawv tau piav qhia tias koj tuaj yeem muaj cov kab mob ib txwm, mob me-rau ib nrab, hnyav lossis siab ntau ntawm lub hlwb, thiab ntxiv cov kev kuaj mob ntxiv txhawm rau txhawm rau kuaj xyuas lawv cov mob hnyav.

Webber tsis muaj cov tsos mob ua ntej rau qhov no, uas yog vim li cas nws tseem ceeb heev kom tuaj koom kev soj ntsuam li niaj zaus thaum raug caw. Yog tias koj muaj cov tsos mob tsis xws luag xws li los ntshav ntawm chaw mos tau tshwm sim thaum lossis tom qab sib deev, kev teem sijhawm nrog koj GP.

Tom qab kawm paub koj muaj qhov tshwm sim tsis meej, nws yog qhov tseem ceeb kom nyob qhov zoo thiab khaws lub taub hau thawj coj – nws yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws kom tsis txhob thuam cov vev xaib thiab sim kom tsis txhob muaj qhov tsis zoo.

“Kuv xav, yog tias txhua yam tau pom, nws tuaj yeem daws tau. Yog li kuv tau sim ua lub siab ntev thiab muaj peev xwm,” Webber nco qab. “Kuv yeej tau txais daim ntawv kawg thiab nws tau los nrog ib daim ntawv qhia uas yuav pab tau zoo uas yuav piav qhia txog cov kauj ruam tom ntej, yuav ua li cas biopsies yuav raug coj thiab vim li cas.”

Colposcopy yog dab tsi?

Txoj kev kuaj ntshav (colposcopy) yog kuaj ntxaws ntawm caj dab ntawm lub tsev menyuam (ncauj tsev menyuam), qhov twg lub tshuab tsom tshwj xeeb, hu ua colposcope, yog siv los saib cov cell hauv kev nthuav dav.

Ib qho kua pleev xim rau ntawm lub ncauj tsev menyuam txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau pom tias muaj qog txawv txav ntawm lub cev thiab daim ntaub me me tuaj yeem tshem tawm ntawm lub ncauj tsev menyuam. Qhov no yog hu ua biopsy.

Webber hais tias lub colposcopy tau piav qhia rau nws zoo tiag tiag hauv kev sab laj kev sib tham ua ntej nrog tus kws kho mob poj niam – muaj txawm tias daim duab.

Thaum nws tuaj txog tus txheej txheem tiag tiag, pab pawg tau ua kom paub tseeb tias yuav tso nws ntawm kev yooj yim, muab cov kev xaiv ntawm cov ris tsho hauv qab kom koj tsis txhob xav tias liab qab.

“Nws yog qhov tsis zoo me ntsis vim tias lawv muaj lub vijtsam uas koj tuaj yeem saib ntawm koj ib sab, tab sis kuv muaj ob tus neeg saib mob uas tau tuav kuv txhais tes, hais kom kuv ua pa sib sib zog nqus thiab qhia kuv tias tus kws kho mob poj niam yuav ua li cas.”

Qhov no yuav tau siv sijhawm ntev los ua tus txheej txheem, tab sis Webber ua ruaj nrees ntseeg tias nws tsim nyog nws yuav tsum paub.

“Nws yuav tsum loog kuv lub ncauj tsev menyuam ua ntej nws tuaj yeem coj mus kuaj thiab hais rau kuv tias nws yuav zoo li txaws.”

Tsis txhob tso lub sij hawm teem tseg

Qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws uas yuav tsum nco ntsoov txog kev kuaj mob ncauj tsev menyuam yog: tsis txhob tso nws tawm.

Yog tias koj muaj kev ntshai, Webber qhia txog kev tham nrog koj tus phooj ywg lossis tsev neeg uas tau ua dhau los, lossis tseem coj nws nrog yog tias koj xav tau.

Mitra hais tias “Muaj ntau tus pojniam uas kuv tau pom los ntawm kev soj ntsuam vim lawv ntshai tias nws yuav ua rau lawv raug mob lossis lawv txaj muag.” Qhov kev muaj tiag yog, nws yog tsib feeb txhua 3 txog 5 xyoos (nyob ntawm koj lub hnub nyoog) uas tuaj yeem yuav cawm koj txoj sia!

Webber hais tias “Nws yog thaj chaw ntawm peb lub cev uas peb tsis tham txog ntau zaus, thiab muaj kev nkag siab tsis meej txog kev sib deev,” Webber hais. “Peb yuav tsum paub ntxiv tias nws tsuas yog kuaj ntsuas mob tuaj yeem ua kom tsis txhob muaj kabmob kheesxaws.”

Coob tus poj niam tsuas xav tias lawv tsis muaj sijhawm, uas yog vim li cas cov neeg zov menyuam nyob thoob tebchaws Askiv tab tom pib npaj zov menyuam dawb yog li cov niam tuaj yeem tuaj yeem tuaj kuaj lawv lub sijhawm kuaj mob ncauj tsev menyuam.

Yog tias koj tsis nco qab thaum koj yuav txog sijhawm tom ntej, tham nrog koj tus kws phais mob GP vim lawv tuaj yeem qhia koj thaum twg qhov kev tshuaj ntsuam tom ntej lossis phau ntawv tso rau koj rau ib qho yog tias koj tau ncua nws.

Webber tau muaj kev kho mob kom tshem tawm cov qog ua haujlwm tsis zoo thaum kawg ntawm 2018. Nws yuav muaj kev kuaj mob xyoo no kom paub tseeb tias kev kho mob tau ua haujlwm thiab lub hlwb tsis meej tau tshem.

Nws hais tias “Kuv zoo siab heev uas kuv tau mus kuaj kuv ob zaug,” nws hais. “Qee lub sij hawm peb yuav xav tias yog tias peb thawj tus rov qab qhia meej koj tsis tas yuav siv lub vib nas this. Kuv zoo siab heev tias qhov tseeb tiag, Kuv tsis yog cia li tso nws tseg tom qab.”

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