Cov tsev kawm qib siab ua dab tsi los txhawb cov tub ntxhais kawm kev noj qab haus huv?


Cov tsev kawm qib siab ua dab tsi los txhawb cov tub ntxhais kawm kev noj qab haus huv?

Rau ntau tus tub ntxhais kawm, tsev kawm qib siab yog lawv thawj zaug ua kev ywj pheej thiab nyob deb ntawm tsev. Lawm, nws tseem yuav yog thawj zaug uas ntau tus tub ntxhais kawm tshawb fawb txog kev sib deev thiab kev sib raug zoo, deb ntawm niam txiv lub ntsej muag. Xyoo 2018, cov tub ntxhais kawm pawg (SU) hauv University of Bristol tau pib ua qhov kev sib tham ‘Cia’ tham txog pw ua ke ‘, tshawb pom tias 36% ntawm cov tub ntxhais kawm tsis tau sib deev thaum lawv pib tsev kawm ntawv. Cov tsev kawm qib siab tau nyob hauv qhov chaw tshwj xeeb los muab kev pabcuam thiab cov lus qhia uas cov tub ntxhais kawm xav tau thaum lawv nkag mus rau hauv lub ntiaj teb ntawm cov neeg laus kev sib deev thiab kev sib raug zoo.

‘Hmoov tsis zoo’

Tu siab, kev txhawb nqa ntawm cov kev txawv txav los ntawm tsev kawm mus rau tsev kawm. “Kev qhia txog kev pabcuam kev noj qab haus huv yog qhov tsis zoo raws li cov tsev kawm qib siab,” tus kws tshaj lij rau Sexpression UK, ib lub chaw pab txhawb tsev kawm ntawv cov tub ntxhais kawm los qhia kev kawm kev sib deev.

“Peb ntseeg hais tias cov kev pabcuam kev sib deev thiab kev yug menyuam zoo los ntawm cov tsev kawm qib siab yuav tsum suav nrog cov txheej txheem thaiv, kev kuaj cev xeeb tub, kev nkag mus rau kev kuaj mob kev sib deev uas muaj, thiab cov lus qhia thiab kev kawm txog txhua yam ntawm kev sib deev thiab kev yug menyuam.”

Hnub no npaj yuav tshuaj yuav tshuaj

Teem kev sab laj nrog koj tus kws muag tshuaj hauv ib cheeb tsam txhawm rau saib koj puas tsim nyog rau NHS chlamydia kuaj.

Phau ntawv tam sim no

Yog li qhov twg yuav tsum cov tub ntxhais kawm saib rau kev txhawb nqa nrog kev sib deev noj qab haus huv? “Qhov chaw zoo tshaj pib yog koj cov tub ntxhais kawm koom siab,” hais tias Eva Crossan Jory, Lub Koomhaum Pab Pawg Tub Ntxhais Kawm Hauv Tebchaws (NUS) Tus Lwm Thawj Saib Xyuas Kev Nyab Xeeb. SUs yog lub suab ntawm cov tub ntxhais kawm hauv lawv cov tsev kawm qib siab thiab muab kev txhawb nqa thiab cov lus qhia, suav nrog kev noj qab haus huv. “Ntau tus yuav muaj kev pabcuam dav dav thiab dav ntxiv kev pabcuam kev noj qab haus huv,” nws hais.

“Raws li kev tswj kom tsis txhob muaj menyuam, koj li SU tej zaum yuav tsis muaj kev pab cuam tsawg dua, los ntawm muab lub tswb txhom deev dawb, ‘muab kev pom zoo’ chav kawm, lossis tso kev pab sablaj txog teebmeem kev sib deev. tsev kawm ntawv (es tsis yog cov tub ntxhais kawm lub koom haum) yuav tsum tau teem caij los pab koj. “

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Cov hnab looj looj pub dawb

Tsis muaj kev yws yws txog cov hnab looj qau kim dua. Yuav luag txhua lub tsev kawm ntawv qib siab ua cov hnab looj qau ywj pheej rau cov tub ntxhais kawm, tshwj xeeb yog nyob rau Freshers Lub Limtiam, txawm tias qhov kev zoo siab no tuaj yeem txiav tawm tom qab lub sijhawm. Raws li ib tus tub ntxhais kawm, cov hnab looj qau tau muab pov tseg thoob plaws hauv pawg neeg hauv nws lub tsev kawm ntawv. Cov hau kev thaiv txoj kev zoo li cov hnab looj qau thiab cov hniav txhaws hniav yog tib txoj kev tiv thaiv koj tus kheej los ntawm kev sib kis kab mob sib kis (STIs).

Txog ntawm qhov no, C-daim npav pub dawb cov txheej txheem khiav thoob lub teb chaws, faib cov hnab looj thiab lube los ntawm cov chaw muag tshuaj, SUs thiab lwm qhov chaw nkag tau, lossis txawm xa mus rau koj lub qhov rooj. Ntau yam ntawm cov qauv paj nruag no npaj muaj ntau qhov ntau thiab tsawg thiab ntau hom hnab looj xaiv los xaiv kom koj tuaj yeem nrhiav qhov haum thiab xav tias koj thiab koj tus khub nyiam. Ib txhia muab cov poj niam sab hauv looj (Cov poj niam).

Qee tus C-Card cov phiaj xwm kuj tseem muaj kev kho hniav dawb rau qhov sib deev ntawm qhov chaw mos lossis ntawm qhov quav, tab sis yog tias tsis yog, cov ntawv tiv thaiv ntawm latex tseem tuaj yeem ua rau koj tus kheej los ntawm kev txiav lub hnab looj. Cov chaw kho hniav kho hniav feem ntau muaj kev yooj yim muaj los ntawm LGBTQ + (poj niam nyiam poj niam, poj niam nyiam poj niam, poj niam poj niam, hloov mus, ib pawg) cov zej zog.

Raws li kev siv hnab looj, lwm yam kev tiv thaiv kom tsis txhob muaj menyuam yog muaj los ntawm tsev kawm ntawv cov kev pabcuam kev sib deev. Tab sis yog tias kev xeeb tub tsis ua haujlwm lossis tsis siv, tsev kawm ntawv yuav tsum txhawb cov tub ntxhais kawm nrog lawv cov kev xaiv, seb lawv txiav txim siab txuas ntxiv kev xeeb menyuam lossis muaj kev rho menyuam. Txhua lub tsev kawm qib siab nyias muaj nyias tsab cai thiab kev pab. Kev kuaj mob pub dawb lossis pheej yig dua feem ntau muaj los ntawm kev pabcuam kev sib deev, poj niam tub ceev xwm lossis SU, nrog rau cov chaw muag tshuaj hauv tsev kawm ntawv.

Mus soj ntsuam

Cov tub ntxhais hluas yog cov yeeb ncuab rau pej xeem tus naj npawb ib thaum nws los txog kev kuaj STI. Cov hnub nyoog 16- txog 25 xyoos tseem muaj cov nqi soj ntsuam ntau tshaj ntawm tus kabmob STI ntawm ib pab pawg hnub nyoog. Kev ywj pheej tshiab thiab kev haus cawv ua rau muaj ib hmos sawv cev thiab pheej hmoo tus cwj pwm kev sib daj sib deev ntau dua, ua rau cov tub ntxhais kawm hauv tsev kawm ntawv pheej hmoo tshwj xeeb rau qhov sib kis STIs Tiv thaiv koj tus kheej thiab koj tus khub txoj kev sib deev yog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm kev sib deev kom zoo thiab muaj kev noj qab haus huv tsis hais koj nyob hauv kev sib deev lossis muaj kev sib deev sib xws.

Feem ntau cov tsev kawm ntawv muab kev pabcuam kev noj qab haus huv rau cov tub ntxhais kawm, thiab feem ntau koj tsis tas yuav tawm hauv thaj chaw tsev kawm ntawv los ntawm GP pom lossis tau txais kev txhawb nqa los ntawm SU.

Ntau lub tsev kawm qib siab siv Freshers Lub Limtiam los txhawb cov tub ntxhais kawm kom coj mus rau hauv tus cwj pwm kev sim, tshwj xeeb rau tus mob chlamydia vim nws yog tus kabmob STI feem ntau. Kev kuaj tus mob chlamydia pauv pauv rau dej qab zib, keyrings thiab lwm yam kev lom zem tsis yooj yim dua. Qee lub koomhaum tub ntxhais kawm muab cov khoom kuaj mob chlamydia pub dawb hauv cov chav dej. Cov chaw muag tshuaj thoob plaws hauv teb chaws muaj kev kuaj mob chlamydia pub dawb rau hnub nyoog qis dua 25 xyoo raws li ib feem ntawm National Chlamydia Kuaj Txoj Kev Kuaj Mob – kev teem caij muag tshuaj muaj peev xwm tau txais kev tso cai los ntawm Patient Access.

Txhua xyoo, ntau cov tub ntxhais kawm hloov mus rau tom tsev kuaj mob STI uas yog txoj kev yooj yim thiab ntiag tug saib xyuas lawv kev sib deev mob. Tsaib no, pes tsawg ntawm cov tub ntxhais hluas siv kev pabcuam online txhawm rau sim tshuaj mob chlamydia tau nce los ntawm 54%. Koj tuaj yeem xaj cov khoom siv tshuaj ntsuam xyuas tsev ncaj ncees online lossis qee zaum hauv tsev kawm ntawv, muab cov qauv raws li kev thov thiab xa rov qab yam tsis muaj tus nrog tham nrog ib tus neeg. Cov txiaj ntsig ntawm kev xeem tau xa los ntawm cov ntawv nyeem ob peb hnub tom qab.

Kev kawm kev sib deev thiab kev txhawb nqa

Nws tsis pub leejtwg paub tias kev kawm kev sib deev yog qhov muaj tsis taus hauv UK. Cov ntaub ntawv kawm tshiab tshiab – thawj zaug rau nees nkaum xyoo – yuav tsis siv nyob rau hauv Askiv kom txog rau thaum lub Cuaj Hli 2020. Tau ntau caum xyoo cov tub ntxhais hluas feem ntau tsis tau txais kev kawm txog kev pw ua ke.

Daim ntawv tshuaj ntsuam ‘Wb Sib Tham Txog Kev Sib Deev’ tau pom tias tsawg dua ib hlis ntawm cov tub ntxhais kawm xav tias lawv cov kev kawm kev sib deev hauv tsev kawm tau npaj lawv rau kev sib raug zoo thiab tsuas yog 35% muaj kev nkag siab zoo ntawm kev pom zoo. Tab sis cov tsev kawm qib siab tau zoo muab kev kawm thiab thaj chaw los tham txog cov teeb meem no uas cov neeg hluas ploj.

Qee tus SUs muab kev kawm thiab kev qhia tswv yim rau cov tub ntxhais kawm. Kev sib deev noj qab haus huv lossis GUM (tshuaj ntsuab) cov chaw kho mob, ntxiv rau GPs, kuj tau muab coj los ua kev txhawb nqa kev kawm.

Lub Ib Hlis 2019, cov tub ntxhais hluas txoj kev sib daj sib deev hauv Brook tau ua qhov kev soj ntsuam txog 5,649 tus tub ntxhais kawm, pom tias 56% tau ntsib kev coj tus cwj pwm kev sib deev tsis suav nrog kev ua phem, kev qoj ib ce, tsis xav kov, yuam, deev thiab ua phem. Hais txog qhov no, lawv tau tsim kev pom zoo online tso cai rau cov tub ntxhais kawm tsev kawm qib siab. Qee lub tsev kawm ntawv qib siab qhia lawv hom kev pom zoo. Txawm li cas los xij, qhov no tsis tshua muaj yuam thiab tsis sib thooj thoob plaws hauv lub tebchaws.

Yog li koj ua dab tsi yog tias koj lub tsev kawm ntawv tsis muaj kev pabcuam kev sib daj sib deev thiab txhawb nqa uas koj xav tau? “Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb uas koj yuav tsum sau npe nrog kws kho mob yog tias koj qhov chaw kawm txawv rau kev phais koj tam sim no, yog li koj tuaj yeem nkag mus saib cov kev pabcuam no tau txhua lub sijhawm,” said Crossan Jory. Koj tuaj yeem siv cov ntawv xa tus kheej xa mus xws li Patient Access mus nrhiav cov kev pabcuam kev sib deev hauv koj thaj chaw.

Thaum nws hais txog kev cai thiab kev kawm sab hauv tsev kawm, tsev kawm qib siab muaj lub luag haujlwm saib xyuas lawv cov tub ntxhais kawm kom txhawb lawv kom muaj kev sib deev, kev noj qab haus huv thiab nyab xeeb. Txawm li cas los xij, nyiaj txiag thiab kev nkag mus rau cov kev pabcuam kev noj qab haus huv tuaj yeem ua rau tsis zoo nyob hauv lub tebchaws.

Nws tsim nyog tsa qhov teeb meem kev noj qab haus huv nrog koj lub tsev kawm qib siab lossis SU kom txhawb lawv kom ua tiav lawv lub luag haujlwm rau cov tub ntxhais kawm, hais tias Sexpression UK.

“Peb ntseeg khov kho qhov tseem ceeb ntawm cov ntaub ntawv no thiab tag nrho lub siab txhawb thiab txhawb cov tub ntxhais kawm hauv kev nug lawv cov tsev kawm ntawv kom tau txais kev pabcuam ntau ntxiv uas cov no tsis muaj.”

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