Dab tsi ua rau hawb pob?


Dab tsi ua rau hawb pob?

Hawb pob yog ib hom suab nplawm zoo thaum cov pa nkag kis tau rau hauv ib sab. Qhov no ib nrab txhaws, uas ua kom cov pa oxygen nkag mus rau hauv cov hlab ntshav kom zoo, tseem ua rau ua pa thiab qee zaum lub hauv siab ‘nruj’. Hauv cov mob xws li hawb pob thiab mob COPD, hawb pob tawm tuaj ntawm txoj hlab pa me heev hauv lub ntsws. Qee zaum, mob sab hauv txoj hlab cua loj, qhov ntsws, kuj tseem tuaj yeem ua rau cov cua ua pa nyuaj, ua rau hawb pob. Lub sij hawm kho mob ‘-itis’ txhais tau hais tias o, thiab o ntawm lub ntsws yog hu ua ‘mob ntsws’.

Txhua yam kev ua pa ntawm cov hlab pa, ua rau lawv nruj, tuaj yeem ua rau hawb pob. Feem ntau qhov no ua rau muaj kev kis mob lossis kev ua xua (ua xua, haus luam yeeb, tshuaj lom neeg, thiab lwm yam). Cov nquag ua rau hawb pob yog hawb pob thiab mob COPD. Hauv hawb pob, nws tshwm sim los ntawm txoj kev me me ntawm txoj hlab ntsws (ntsws ntawm txoj hlab ntsws) ntawm lub ntsws – tab sis txoj kev nqaim no ib ntus. Hauv qee leej neeg mob hawb pob tau zoo, lub ntsws ua haujlwm zoo li qub. Hauv COPD, feem ntau muaj kev sib xyaw ntawm txoj kev ua pa me me (feem ntau ua rau lub ntsws ua rau lub ‘spokes’ hauv cov hlab cua me me uas ua rau lawv qhib), tuab ntawm phab ntsa ntawm cov hlab cua me (ua rau nws nyuaj rau oxygen los ntawm lub ntsws mus txog cov hlab ntshav) thiab nplaum cov hnoos qeev nqus hauv lub ntsws.

Cov tiv thaiv thiab cuam tshuam

Txog rau hawb pob thiab COPD, cov tshuaj nqus pa tuaj yeem muab faib ua ‘kev tiv thaiv’ (muab kev pab sai sai tab sis feem ntau ua haujlwm rau ob peb teev xwb) thiab ‘tiv thaiv’ (uas yuav tsum tau ua ntu zus los txo qhov mob thiab txiav txhaws). ‘LABAs’, lossis kev siv tshuaj lom neeg ntev los ua kom lub cev muaj zog, ua me ntsis ntawm ob qho tib si.

Yog tias koj cov tsos mob tsis tswj nrog lub tshuaj txau, koj tus kws kho mob yuav pom zoo kom noj cov ntsiav tshuaj tsis tu ncua uas tseem ua ntev ntev los txiav qhov mob o lossis hawb pob. Hauv kev mob hnyav COPD, koj yuav xav tau cov pa oxygen.

Hawb pob

Hawb pob feem ntau tshwm sim thaum yau thiab feem ntau khiav hauv tsev neeg. Cov tsos mob tseem ceeb yog hawb pob, txog siav, hnoos thiab ceev hauv siab. Kev tawm tsam ntawm lawv cov hlab pas uas ua rau hawb pob tuaj yeem tuaj yeem kis tau los ntawm kev kis kab mob, kev ua xua (rau paj ntoos lossis tsiaj, thiab lwm yam), plua plav, haus luam yeeb, qoj ib ce lossis hloov kub.

Kev kho mob hawb pob pib nrog kev tiv thaiv kev tiv thaiv kev nqus tshuaj uas ua rau qhib cov hlab pa me, ua kom cua nkag yooj yim. Yog tias qhov no tsis txaus, nqus cov tshuaj steriods ntev, tom qab ntawv ua pa ntev dua-qhib, yuav muab ntxiv.

Nrog rau tus mob hawb pob tau zoo koj yuav tsum tsis txhob tsim thaum hmo ntuj vim cov tsos mob tshwm sim, tsis tas yuav siv koj qhov kev tiv thaiv ‘ntau tshaj ob peb zaug hauv ib lub lim tiam thiab yuav tsum muaj peev xwm nyob, ua haujlwm thiab ua kom ib ce muaj zog. Cov tsos mob ntawm tus mob hawb pob hnyav suav nrog ua pa nyuaj thiab ua pa tsw phem uas tsis ua rau koj dim pa ‘, thiab tshwj xeeb tshaj yog ua pa heev – hais lus saib xyuas tus kws kho mob tau ceev.

COPD

Qhov no siv tau hu ua ’emphysema’ lossis ‘mob ntsws ntev’ – feem ntau los ntawm kev haus luam yeeb, nws ua rau hawb pob, ua pa ceev thiab hauv siab ceev ceev. Tsis zoo li tus mob hawb pob, koj kuj nquag muaj mob kis nyob rau hauv koj lub hauv siab thiab cov kev cuam tshuam rau koj cov hlab pa yuav tsis thim rov qab, yog li koj lub ntsws yuav tsis zoo li tshiab. Ua ke nrog ‘tiv thaiv’ thiab ‘tiv thaiv’ tshuaj, cov lus qhia tseem ceeb muaj xws li:

  • Txiav kev haus luam yeeb kom tiv thaiv kev puas tsuaj ntxiv.
  • Muaj kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kev mob ua npaws thiab tshuaj txhaj tiv thaiv mob ntsws.
  • Ua kom nquag plias (koj tus kws kho mob tuaj yeem tawm tswv yim txog ‘chav qhuab qhia kom thim rov qab’ kom koj tau pib).
  • Khaws ‘cawm’ tshuaj tua kab mob kom pib sai sai thaum koj hnoos qeev ua huab lossis koj pib hnoos tau ntau dua, thiab cov tshuaj steroid ntau dua yog tias koj ua pa thiab hawb pob muaj zog tuaj.
  • Mus ntsib kws kho mob yog koj txoj kev pab cawm ” pab tsis tau.

Mob hawb pob

Hauv cov menyuam yaus tshwj xeeb, kis kab mob (lossis kab mob) tuaj yeem ua rau mob ntawm lub ntsws thiab mob hawb pob. Qhov no tsis txhais tau tias lawv muaj, lossis yuav kis tau tus mob hawb pob thiab feem ntau tawm mus vim lawv txoj hlab pa loj zuj zus nrog lub hnub nyoog.

Nrog ua tsaug rau ‘Kuv Lub Lim Tiam’ magazine uas tsab xov xwm no tau luam tawm thawj zaug.

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