Dab tsi haus luam yeeb ua rau koj cov tawv nqaij?


Dab tsi haus luam yeeb ua rau koj cov tawv nqaij?

Dr Anjali Mahto, tus kws pab tswv yim txog tus kws kho mob tawv nqaij thiab neeg tawv nqaij ntawm British tawv ncauj lus hais txog “Kev haus luam yeeb ua kev puas tsuaj rau txhua lub cev hauv lub cev.” “Tsis zoo li kev puas tsuaj rau koj lub plawv lossis lub ntsws, cov teebmeem ntawm daim tawv nqaij feem ntau pom sab nraud. Tsis yog haus luam yeeb nkaus xwb cuam tshuam txog kev txhim kho qee yam tawv nqaij tsis sib haum, nws yog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm cov laus ua ntej lub cev.”

Kev laus ntxov ntxov

Kev haus luam yeeb yuav ua rau daim tawv nqaij oxygen thiab cov zaub mov tsis zoo. Qee tus neeg haus luam yeeb zoo li daj ntseg, lwm tus muaj xim tsis xwm yeem. Cov cuj pwm kuj ua rau tus neeg haus luam yeeb cov ntiv tes thiab cov hniav, thiab ua rau lawv muaj kev phom sij rau cov hnub nyoog lossis thaj ua rau tawv nqaij tsaus dua, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog tias lawv siv sijhawm ntev nyob rau hauv lub hnub.

Muaj ntau dua 4,000 cov tshuaj lom hauv cov pa luam yeeb, ntau yam uas tuaj yeem ua rau kev rhuav tshem ntawm collagen thiab elastin, uas muab cov tawv nqaij nws lub zog thiab elasticity. Kev haus luam yeeb ua kev puas tsuaj rau lub tsev cov tawv nqaij ua rau nws ua sag, tsis yog rau ntawm lub ntsej muag xwb tabsis kuj rau caj npab thiab ob lub mis. Cov neeg haus luam yeeb tseem pib txhim kho lub ntsej muag ntxaum thiab ntxaum ntxiv rau tus neeg haus luam yeeb pucker, tshwm sim los ntawm kev siv qee cov leeg nyob ib ncig ntawm lawv lub qhov ncauj uas cov neeg haus luam yeeb tsis tuaj yeem.

Sab laj rau ntawv txiav kev haus luam yeeb

Xav txiav luam yeeb? Niaj hnub no, teem ib txoj kev haus luam yeeb nrog koj tus kws muag tshuaj hauv zej zog.

Phau ntawv tam sim no

“Kev sib txuas ntawm kev haus luam yeeb thiab wrinkles tau paub txog ntau xyoo. Kev haus luam yeeb yog qhov kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev pheej hmoo rau kev txhim kho pob khaus. Cov poj niam zoo li yuav muaj kev phom sij rau qhov no ntau dua li lawv tus txiv neej ua haujlwm. ) thiab qhov ncauj thaum ntxov hnub nyoog dua li cov tsis haus luam yeeb, “Mahto hais tias.

“Ib txwm los ntawm kev tawv ncauj thaum ntxov, lwm cov ntsej muag tau piav qhia hauv cov neeg haus luam yeeb. Cov no suav nrog atrophy (lossis ua rau tawv nqaij) ntawm daim tawv nqaij, plethora (ntsej muag liab), thiab muaj npe nrov ntawm pob txha hauv pob txha uas muaj paug ntawm lub ntsej muag,” nws hais ntxiv.

Patient.info Saib tag nrho

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Siv sijhawm nyob rau hauv lub hnub ntau yog qhov kev pheej hmoo loj ntawm kev mob qog nqaij hlav, tab sis kev haus luam yeeb kuj tseem muaj feem ntau. Cov neeg haus luam yeeb muaj qhov pheej hmoo loj dua ntawm kev zes qe menyuam mos lub cev (SSC), yog hom mob cancer thib ob, los ntawm qhov tsis tuaj yeem loj hlob ntawm cov pob txha mos uas nyob hauv txheej tawv nqaij sab nraud.

Mahto hais tias “Txawm tias cov neeg uas haus luam yeeb ob peb zaug nyob hauv ib hnub tseem muaj qhov pheej hmoo ntawm no xwb,” Mahto hais. “Nws tau xav tias haus luam yeeb pom nyob rau hauv cov pa luam yeeb ua rau txhawb kev tiv thaiv kab mob hauv lub cev tso cai rau cov kab mob qog nqaij hlav hauv tsev kom tsis tuaj yeem pom. muaj feem yuav tuag taus. “

Cov neeg haus luam yeeb muaj qhov pheej hmoo loj dua ntawm kev tsim mob qog nqaij hlav, uas suav nrog mob qog ntawm qhov qau, qhov quav thiab tus qau, ntxiv rau Mahto, ntxiv rau cov mob caj dab uas tawm los ntawm tib neeg papillomavirus (HPV). Qhov no tuaj yeem cuam tshuam nrog cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob ntawm cov nicotine.

Txhaum tsis zoo kho

Ntau cov kev tshawb fawb pom tau tias kev haus luam yeeb tuaj yeem cuam tshuam cov txheej txheem kev kho kom zoo, ua rau muaj kev nce siab ntxiv ntawm kev txhab, ua kom lub qhov txhab tsis muaj zog, ua rau daim tawv nqaij tsis ua haujlwm, necrosis (mob nqaij tuag) thiab cov ntshav txhaws.

Nicotine tau xav tias yuav ua rau vasoconstriction thiab txo qis ntshav txaus, txo cov pa oxygen thiab lwm yam khoom noj kom ncav cuag cov nqaij mob. Nws kuj tseem tuaj yeem ua cov platelets hauv cov ntshav nplaum, uas ua rau cov ntshav txhaws me me uas tuaj yeem thaiv cov hlab ntsha me.

Cov luam yeeb kuj tseem tuaj yeem tiv thaiv qhov tsim ntawm collagen. Txo collagen ntau lawm ua rau kev hloov nyob rau hauv cov txheej txheem ib txwm muaj tshwm sim thaum kho cov qhov txhab. Tsis tas li ntawd, kev haus luam yeeb qeeb ua rau kev tsim cov hlab ntshav tshiab hauv lub qhov txhab.

Lwm yam kev cuam tshuam ntawm daim tawv nqaij

Psoriasis

Kev haus luam yeeb tuaj yeem ua rau lwm tus mob ntawm daim tawv nqaij xws li psoriasis, ib qho kev cuam tshuam ntawm daim tawv nqaij uas ua rau liab, ua paug thaj nqaij tawv.

“Cov neeg haus luam yeeb muaj qhov pheej hmoo loj dua ntawm kev tsim tus mob no piv rau cov tsis haus luam yeeb. Lawv kuj muaj feem yuav muaj mob hnyav thiab ntau cov neeg mob uas tsis muaj peev xwm teb tau zoo rau kev kho,” piav qhia Mahto. “Nicotine xav tias muaj kev cuam tshuam ncaj qha rau cov kev tiv thaiv kab mob, ua rau mob psoriasis ntawm cov neeg uas tej zaum twb muaj kev xav paub txog kev txhim kho tus mob no. Nws khi rau cov nqaij daim tawv hu ua keratinocytes, txhawb lawv kev faib tawm thiab ua haujlwm.”

Discoid lupus erythematosus

Kev haus luam yeeb kuj tseem tuaj yeem ua rau pom kev ua tsis haum rau lub cev lupus erythematosus, hais tias Mahto. Qhov no yog qhov ua paug autoimmune ntawm daim tawv nqaij qhov uas ua paug, daim tawv liab liab tshwm sim feem ntau tshwm sim hauv thaj chaw tshav ntuj.

“Thaj chaw no feem ntau tuaj yeem piav meej meej tab sis tseg qhov kev tawv ncauj. Qhov no tshwm sim tsawg dua kaum zaus ntau dua li cov neeg haus luam yeeb piv rau cov tsis haus luam yeeb,” nws hais ntxiv. “Kev kho mob ntawm tus mob no nrog tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob thiab lwm yam tshuaj kuj tau pom tias muaj txiaj ntsig tsawg dua nyob rau hauv cov neeg haus luam yeeb.”

Hidradenitis suppurativa

Kuj tseem pom muaj ntawm cov neeg haus luam yeeb yog hidradenitis suppurativa, ib qho kev mob ntev uas ua rau mob rwj zoo li o thiab nqaij hauv qab daim tawv nqaij – tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nyob hauv puab tais thiab qhov tso – uas tuaj yeem tso tawm thiab tawm pob tsuas.

“Mahrad yog pom muaj ntau dua rau cov neeg haus luam yeeb,” piav qhia Mahto. “Txawm tias vim li cas rau qhov no tsis tau paub meej, muaj ib lub tswv yim tias nicotine ua rau cov kab mob tiv thaiv kab mob hauv lub cev thiab tawv nqaij, ua rau txhaws thiab txhaws ntawm cov hauv paus plaub hau.”

Ib qho laj thawj ntxiv rau kev txiav luam yeeb

Kev haus luam yeeb tsis zoo rau koj cov tawv nqaij, tab sis kev txiav luam yeeb tuaj yeem ua rau nws tus kheej zoo tuaj. Cov ntshav ntws rov qab, lub ntsiab lus ntawm daim tawv nqaij tau txais cov pa thiab cov khoom noj uas nws xav tau, ua rau kev saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv zoo nkauj. Qhov stains pom ntawm cov ntiv tes thiab cov rau tes kuj yuav ploj thiab cov hniav yuav saib hniav dawb.

Yog lawm, txiav kev haus luam yeeb kuj tseem tuaj yeem txhim kho kev noj qab haus huv txhua yam. Hauv ib xyoos, txoj kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev mob plawv yog ib nrab ntawm cov neeg haus luam yeeb. Thiab nyob hauv kaum xyoo, tus neeg haus luam yeeb tawm tsis muaj hnub ua lub neej mob ntsws dua li ib tus neeg uas tsis tau haus luam yeeb.

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