Qhov tshwm sim zoo li cas cuam tshuam nrog cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob ua npaws yoov tshaj cum?


Cov kev mob tshwm sim los ntawm tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob ua npaws yoov tshaj cum yog dab tsi?

Ua ntej tsiv mus rau Bolivia, cov neeg sau xov xwm ywj pheej Amy Booth yuav tsum tau kis tus npaws daj. Nws yuav taug kev ntau heev rau kev ua haujlwm thiab paub txog qhov no yuav tiv thaiv nws ntawm kev kis mob phem. Txawm li cas los xij, tau txais cov tshuaj tiv thaiv txhawj xeeb nws me ntsis.

“Kuv ntshai me ntsis txog kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv. Kuv muaj cov npoj yaig uas tau muaj nws thiab hais tias, zoo li nws yog cov tshuaj tiv thaiv muaj sia, cov kev mob tshwm sim tuaj yeem ua rau muaj zog heev. Ib qho txawm hais tias nws muaj qhov ua tsis haum hnyav uas zoo li mob rau hauv lawv tus kheej txoj cai, yog li nws tsis tuaj yeem xav tias qhov kub taub hau zoo li cas tiag, “Booth hais.

Txawm hais tias nws muaj kev txhawj xeeb, txhua yam mus zoo rau nws, thiab nws tsis muaj kev mob tshwm sim. Nws daim ntawv pov thawj txhaj tshuaj tam sim no ua raws nws qhov txhia chaw thaum nws taug kev, thiab zoo li ntau tus neeg uas tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob ua npaws daj, nws tuaj yeem ua li ntawd nrog kev thaj yeeb nyab xeeb ntxiv.

Ntaus ntaus ua npaws daj

Tus npaws daj yog muaj thoob rau 47 lub tebchaws hauv tebchaws Africa thiab 13 lub tebchaws hauv Latin America. Nws yog tsiag ntawv los ntawm kev kub taub hau, mob taub hau thiab mob nqaij, tab sis cov tsos mob no feem ntau ploj tom qab ob peb hnub. Txawm li cas los xij, nyob rau qee kis, cov kev nce qib mus rau ntau hom mob hnyav nrog haemorrhagic syndrome, raum muaj teeb meem, ntuav thiab daj ntseg (uas yog lub npe ‘daj’ los ntawm).

Tus kabmob virus ntawm lub hauv paus ntawm qhov teebmeem yog kis rau tib neeg los ntawm kev tom ntawm Aedes thiab Haemagogus yoov tshaj cum. Kev muaj tshwm sim hauv Angola hauv 2015 thiab Brazil xyoo 2016, nrog rau cov kis ntawm Fabkis Guiana hauv 2017, tseem txhais tau tias kev ua npaws daj yog qhov teeb meem tseem ceeb, siab dua ntawm cov txheej txheem kev noj qab haus huv thoob ntiaj teb. 200,000 tus neeg mob raug qhia txhua xyoo – 30,000 ntawm cov uas ua neeg tuag.

Txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv yog tib qho kev daws teeb meem los tiv thaiv tus kab mob. “Kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv yog qhov cuab yeej zoo tiag tiag uas ua haujlwm, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog thaum koj xav tias yoov tshaj cum tom thaum nruab hnub. Yog li tsis zoo li malaria qhov chaw muaj kev tiv thaiv koj tuaj yeem ua vim tias yoov tshaj cum tom thiab koj tuaj yeem pw hauv qab, ntawm no tsis muaj ib yam. ntawm qhov kev tuaj yeem koj tuaj yeem ua tiag tiag, “hais tias Dr Paul-Henri Consigny, tus thawj coj ntawm lub chaw khomob ntawm Institut Pasteur, lub chaw haujlwm uas tsim cov tshuaj tiv thaiv daj thawj zaug hauv xyoo 1932.

Cov tshuaj txhaj tiv thaiv kab mob ua npaws yoov tshaj cum muaj kev tiv thaiv zoo uas tiv thaiv tau ntev ntev. Kev txhaj tshuaj ib zaug nyob hauv koj lub neej feem ntau yog feem ntau txaus rau ntau tus neeg, thiab nws yog cov kws kho mob pom zoo nyob rau hauv feem ntau. Koj tus kws muag tshuaj, GP lossis kws tu neeg mob tuaj yeem qhia koj yog tias koj nyob hauv pab pawg neeg uas muaj kev pheej hmoo siab rau tus neeg uas muaj kev txhawb zog siab. Rau cov neeg uas tsis tuaj yeem txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob, tsuas muaj lwm txoj kev tiv thaiv los tiv thaiv kev tom, uas yog siv tshuaj yoov tshaj cum thiab hnav khaub ncaws uas npog lub cev.


Patient.info Saib tag nrho

Yuav muaj dab tsi tshwm sim tom qab txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob

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Leej twg yuav tsum tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob?

Kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv yog pom zoo rau txhua tus neeg nyob hauv lossis nkag mus rau hauv thaj chaw uas pom muaj tus kab mob daj ua npaws thiab, yog lawm, rau cov neeg mus rau ib lub tebchaws uas xav kom cov neeg ncig mus ncig ua si nrog daim ntawv pov thawj pom tias lawv tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob npaws daj.

Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv yuav tsum tsis txhob muab rau cov menyuam mos hnub nyoog qis dua 6 lub hlis, rau cov uas muaj keeb kwm tsis haum rau qe lossis lossis lwm yam ntawm cov tshuaj tiv thaiv, thiab rau cov neeg uas lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob tau kis los ntawm tus mob lossis kab mob cov txheej txheem, kev noj tshuaj, lossis kab mob muaj mob. Nws yuav tsum raug zam nyob qhov twg muaj peev xwm ua tau rau tus poj niam cev xeeb tub lossis pub niam mis.

“Cov neeg muaj hnub nyoog 60 xyoo rov qab yog qhov muaj feem ntau tshwm sim tsis zoo rau cov tshuaj txhaj tiv thaiv mob npaws daj. Kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev phom sij loj, muaj feem yuav txo lub neej yuav tsum muaj kev pheej hmoo nrog kev pheej hmoo kis tus mob ua npaws daj thaum txiav txim siab txawm tias tsis txhob txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob, “hais tias Dr Nicky Longley, tus kws pab tswv yim hauv Chaw Kho Mob thiab Kab Mob ntawm Tsev Kho Mob rau Kab Mob Qav, London.

Yuav muaj teeb meem dab tsi?

Tom qab txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv, ntawm 10% mus rau 30% ntawm tib neeg yuav muaj cov kev mob tshwm sim me thiab luv luv xws li mob leeg, mob taub hau, kub cev me ntsis thiab mob caj npab. Cov no tsis ua kev puas tsuaj thiab yuav ploj mus ntawm lawv tus kheej yam tsis muaj kev mob ntev ntev.

Txawm li cas los xij, muaj peb yam tsawg heev, tab sis muaj feem yuav txo sia txoj sia, kev phiv tshuaj uas tej zaum yuav tshwm sim nrog koob tshuaj tiv thaiv. Cov muaj mob hnyav tshaj yog cov kab mob ua npaws daj visceral, uas tshwm sim thaum uas txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv nws tus kheej ua mob sib kis zoo li kub taub hau daj. Txoj kev pheej hmoo ntawm qhov tshwm sim no muaj tsawg kawg nkaus: kwv yees li 1 ntawm 250,000 koob yog tias koj hnub nyoog qis dua 60. Qhov kev pheej hmoo no nce mus rau puag ncig 1 ntawm 50,000 koob tshuaj ib zaug koj muaj 60 xyoo.

“Muaj qee qhov xwm txheej thaum koj yuav tsum xav qhov nyuaj txog seb koj puas yuav tsum tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv, saib qhov zoo thiab tsis pom zoo nrog koj tus kws kho mob. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom hnyav rau qhov kev pheej hmoo kis mob los tiv thaiv kev pheej hmoo ntawm sab loj Qhov no yuav nyob ntawm koj lub hnub nyoog, koj tej kev kho mob hauv qab, cov tshuaj uas koj noj, qhov twg koj yuav mus nyob hauv lub teb chaws thiab cov kab mob uas tshwm sim thaum lub sijhawm taug kev, “Longley hais.

Tus mob neurological ua npaws daj tau tshwm sim ntawm 0.3 txog 0.8 nyob rau hauv 100,000 tus neeg mob hauv tebchaws Asmeskas. Nws npog txog ntau yam teeb meem ntawm lub paj hlwb xws li tsis muaj zog, mob hlwb thiab mob hlwb. Cov uas muaj kev pheej hmoo siab dua, ntxiv, cov neeg laus dua 60 xyoo thiab menyuam yaus. Thaum kawg, kev tsis haum tshuaj rau koob tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob tuaj yeem ua tau.

Koj daim ntawv teev kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob

Tshawb koj lo lus uas peb

Puas muaj tus mob kis ntsaj hauv thaj chaw tam sim no? Muaj pes tsawg tus neeg qhia nyob rau txhua xyoo? Thaj chaw twg hauv lub tebchaws tshwj xeeb ua teeb meem?

Nco ntsoov tias txawm tias qhov kub taub daj tsis yog qhov kev pheej hmoo loj hauv thaj chaw koj tab tom mus ncig, qee lub tebchaws xav kom txhua tus neeg tuaj saib ntawm ib lub teb chaws pheej hmoo yuav tsum muaj daim ntawv pov thawj txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kev ua npaws daj. Qhov no suav nrog kev hla mus los ntawm cov tebchaws pheej hmoo ua haujlwm. Koj puas xav tau daim ntawv pov thawj los taug kev mus rau koj qhov chaw kawg lossis txhua qhov chaw nyob nruab nrab?

Npaj ua ntej

Tau txais qhov tshuaj tiv thaiv tsawg kawg 10 hnub ua ntej hnub tawm mus pom zoo, kom paub tseeb tias nws muaj sijhawm siv.

Muaj kev sib tham pob tshab nrog koj tus kws kho mob

Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom mus thiab nug txog kev ua xyem xyav thiab kev txhawj xeeb uas koj muaj. Ib yam li txhua yam kev kho mob, kev paub txog cov yam zoo thiab qhov tsis zoo, thiab nkag siab txog cov kev mob tshwm sim tuaj yeem yog qhov tseem ceeb.

Longley hais tias “Nws ib txwm hais txog kev txiav txim siab nrog ib tus kws tshaj lij pabcuam kev noj qab haus huv, ntsuas kev pheej hmoo ntawm tus kabmob thiab kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev cuam tshuam,” Longley hais.

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