Yam koj xav paub txog HPV


Yam koj xav paub txog HPV

HPV yog ib hom kab mob uas cuam tshuam rau daim tawv nqaij thiab cov av noo nyob ib puag ncig koj lub cev. Qhov tseeb, nws muaj ntau heev uas 80% ntawm tib neeg yuav kis mob HPV ntawm qee lub sijhawm hauv lawv lub neej.

“Muaj kwv yees li 200 ntau yam ntawm HPV thiab, rau feem ntau ntawm lawv, lawv yuav tsis ua rau koj muaj kev phom sij txhua. Nws tsis muaj tsos mob tshwm sim, thiab lub cev tiv thaiv lub cev feem ntau yuav tua tus kabmob tsis muaj kev kho mob, “piav qhia Kate Sanger los ntawm Jo Lub Tsev Menyuam Txoj Kev Mob Cancer.

Txog tam sim no, zoo heev … Qhov teebmeem tshwm sim, txawm li cas los xij, muaj qee yam kab mob ntawm HPV uas suav tias yog ‘kev pheej hmoo siab’. Cov hom kab mob HPV no tuaj yeem ua rau mob caj dab thiab ua lub luag haujlwm 5% ntawm cov qog nqaij hlav thoob plaws ntiaj teb, suav nrog txhua yam mob khees-xaws ncauj tsev menyuam. Txog thaum nyuam qhuav yog li ntawd, txhaj tshuaj rau cov menyuam ntxhais kom tiv thaiv kabmob kheesxaws ncauj tsev menyuam yog qhov tseem ceeb kho mob. Tab sis HPV tuaj yeem tuaj yeem ua lwm hom mob qog nqaij hlav – nrog rau mob qog nqaij hlav, mob qog, mob qog thiab mob qog, thiab mob qog nqaij hlav ntawm lub taub hau thiab caj dab, xws li qog thiab mob qog nqaij.

Teem chaw muag tshuaj tam sim no

Npaj kev sab laj nrog koj tus kws muag tshuaj hauv ib cheeb tsam thiab tau txais hom tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob khees xaws ncauj tsev menyuam.

Phau ntawv txhaj tshuaj

Koj yuav kis HPV licas?

HPV feem ntau yog kis ntawm kev sib kis ntawm chaw mos, ntawm qhov quav, lossis ntawm qhov ncauj, tab sis nws kuj tuaj yeem kis tau los ntawm kev sib pauv ntawm lub cev hauv lub cev, xws li cov qaub ncaug, lossis cov tawv nqaij sib chwv – yog li txawm hnia los yog ua kom tawv ncauj tuaj yeem ua rau koj tus kab mob. Vim tias tsis muaj cov tsos mob tshwm sim, ntau tus neeg muaj tus kabmob kis yam tsis paub txog tias lawv muaj tus kab mob no, thiab tsuas yog muaj tus kabmob no tsis tas yuav ua rau koj muaj kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev mob qog noj ntshav.

“Tej zaum koj yuav muaj kev pheej hmoo siab heev nyob rau hauv koj lub cev thiab koj lub cev muaj zog tiv thaiv kab mob kom tshem tau. Hauv qee tus neeg lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob tsis tuaj yeem tshem tus kab mob tau thiab, yog tias nws muaj kev pheej hmoo siab heev, uas ua rau nws tawm tsam cov hlwb. lub cev, “Sanger piav qhia.

Yuav kuaj li cas thiaj pom HPV?

Tam sim no tsis tau kuaj ntshav rau HPV, tab sis kev kuaj sim yuav ua tau ntawm cov qauv ntawm lub hlwb los txiav txim siab seb koj puas muaj feem pheej hmoo kis tus mob.

Rau cov pojniam muaj hnub nyoog 25 xyoos, mus tshuaj xyuas ncauj tsev menyuam (lossis pleev) kev soj ntsuam yog txoj kev zoo tshaj plaws los tshawb pom lub qog ntawm ncauj tsev menyuam tsis meej uas tuaj yeem paub tias muaj tus mob HPV.

“Kev kuaj mob ncauj tsev menyuam kuj tseem hloov pauv, vim hais tias kev sim HPV thawj zaug yog txoj kev zoo dua los xaiv cov neeg uas muaj feem ntau yuav kis mob cancer,” Sanger hais. “Raws li lub xyoo no nyob rau hauv Wales, thiab lwm xyoo nyob hauv Scotland thiab Askiv, nws yuav tau saib thawj qhov kev pheej hmoo siab HPV thiab tom qab ntawd, yog tias koj muaj ib qho ntawm cov muaj pheej hmoo mob HPV, ces lawv yuav saib seb koj puas tau txais qhov txawv txav hlwb. “

Koj tuaj yeem tiv thaiv HPV li cas?

Dhau li ntawm kev tiv thaiv tsis tau, txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv HPV tam sim no tsuas yog txoj hauv kev muaj kev tiv thaiv tus mob HPV nkaus xwb – thiab txawm hais tias kev sib deev tsis tas yuav lav tsis tau, muab cov kab mob kis tau los ntawm kev sib chwv tawv nqaij lossis qaub ncaug.

Tam sim no cov tshuaj tiv thaiv no ib txwm muab rau cov menyuam ntxhais hnub nyoog 12-13 xyoos hauv xyoo kawm ntawv 8. Cov menyuam ntxhais hnub nyoog yau dua tuaj yeem nkag tau cov tshuaj tiv thaiv ntawm NHS txog thaum lawv muaj 18 xyoo. Txog lub Plaub Hlis 2018, cov txiv neej nyiam txiv neej thiab poj niam muaj hnub nyoog qis dua 45 xyoos kuj tsim nyog tau txais tshuaj tiv thaiv, thiab nws yuav tsum tau muab rau cov tub hluas hnub nyoog 12-13 xyoo txij xyoo 2019.

Vim li cas cov tub hluas yuav tsum txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv?

Dua li kev tiv thaiv tus mob khees xaws ncauj tsev menyuam, ib qho kev sib cav rau kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv cov menyuam ntxhais yog tias nws tsim yam uas hu ua ‘kab mob tiv thaiv kabmob’ rau HPV. Qhov no qhia txog cov pej xeem lub zog sib koom ua ke kom kis tus kabmob sib kis, uas yog los ntawm cov neeg tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob loj txaus. Hauv lwm lo lus, yog tias cov ntxhais raug txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv HPV, lawv cov koom tes yav tom ntej yuav tsis kis HPV los ntawm lawv thiab nyob rau lwm qhov yuav tsis kis nws rau yav tom ntej. Ntawm sab flip, ho, cov txiv neej uas nrog txiv neej pw nrog lwm tus txiv neej tsis tau txais txiaj ntsig los ntawm qhov kev tiv thaiv kev tiv thaiv ntawd.

“Hauv tebchaws Askiv, ntau dua 80% ntawm cov menyuam ntxhais txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv. Qhov no txaus los mus txog qhov pib ntawm kev tiv thaiv kab mob, tab sis koj yuav tsum muab kev tiv thaiv ncaj qha rau cov tub hluas thiaj li yuav khaws cia lawv cov kev xaiv kev sib deev yav tom ntej,” piav qhia txog kev lag luam kev noj qab haus huv xibfwb Giampiero Favato los ntawm Kingston University.

“Thaum muaj hnub nyoog 12 lossis 13 xyoos, koj tsis paub txog yog tias ib tus tub yuav loj hlob kom muaj kev sib deev nrog txiv neej lossis poj niam,” nws hais ntxiv. “Nws yog qhov tsis ncaj ncees tiag tiag thiab tsis zoo sib luag los muab qhov tshuaj tiv thaiv rau cov ntxhais, uas tom qab ntawd muaj kev nyab xeeb los ua cov kev xaiv uas lawv xav tau thiab muaj kev tiv thaiv, thaum tsis kam lees qhov kev muaj peev xwm no rau cov tub.”

Leej twg yog tus muaj feem pheej hmoo?

Hais txog lub luag haujlwm ntawm tus kabmob, xibfwb Favato hais tias qhov sib txawv ntawm txivneej los pojniam yog nqaim, nrog cov txiv neej thiab poj niam zoo sib xws tam sim no tsim cov qog nqaij hlav raws li HPV.

“Tau kawg, mob ncauj tsev menyuam yog qhov muaj feem thib, vim tias mob ncauj tsev menyuam tau tua 3,000 tus poj niam hauv ib xyoos hauv tebchaws Askiv. Tam sim no txawm li cas los xij, piv txwv li, oropharyngeal (mob caj pas thiab qhov ncauj) mob qog nqaij hlav – uas cuam tshuam rau qee tus poj niam, tab sis feem ntau yog txiv neej – raug tua txog 1,000 tus txiv neej ib xyoo, “nws piav qhia.

“Yog tias koj ntxiv qog qhov quav thiab rab qau rau tus neeg ntawd, nws muaj txog 2,000 tus txiv neej hauv ib xyoos. Yog li thaum ib (mob qog nqaij hlav rau lub tsev me nyuam) tsawg zuj zus, lwm qhov nce ntxiv, thiab qhov txiaj ntsig tshwm sim yog tias lub nra yuav zoo nkauj npaum li qub.”

Nws kuj tseem muaj qee cov ntsiab lus uas yuav ua rau qee tus neeg muaj feem mob qog nqaij hlav cancer HPV. Kev haus luam yeeb, thiab / lossis tsis mus tshuaj ntsuam mob ncauj tsev menyuam (yog tias koj tsim nyog), feem ntau yuav ua rau koj pheej hmoo. Cov neeg uas lub cev tsis muaj zog tiv thaiv kab mob – nrog rau cov mob zoo li lupus thiab HIV – tej zaum tseem yuav muaj peev xwm tiv thaiv tus mob HPV tsawg.

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