Vim li cas cov txiv neej tsis tshua zoo hnav cov tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub?


Vim li cas cov txiv neej tsis tshua zoo hnav cov tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub?

Tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub yog ib lo lus uas ob leeg ntshai thiab hwm nyob hauv kev lag luam kev zoo nkauj. Rau ntau tus neeg, nws yog qhov ua tau zoo nrog kev tu tawv nqaij zoo thiab tiv thaiv kev laus. Coob tus pojniam tau tsim SPF rau hauv lawv cov kev saib xyuas txhua hnub. Tab sis zoo li qub tsis tuaj yeem hais rau cov txiv neej, uas tsis tshua muaj kev tiv thaiv lawv daim tawv nqaij los ntawm lub hnub. Txawm nyob rau hnub qab hnub, 31% ntawm tus txiv neej zoo li yuav tsis siv tshuaj tiv thaiv tshav ntuj, piv rau 15% ntawm cov poj niam uas yuav mus tsis tau.

Kev tshawb fawb hauv Asmeskas tau qhia tias tsuas yog 51% ntawm cov txiv neej tau siv tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub nyob rau xyoo tas los Hauv tib txoj kev tshawb nrhiav, 70% lees paub tias tsis paub tus cim thiab tsos mob ntawm daim tawv nqaij mob. Lwm yam cov ntawv tshawb fawb tau pom tias 50% ntau tus txiv neej dua li poj niam tsis nco qab tiv thaiv lawv cov tawv nqaij thiab 75% ntau dua tsis txhawj xeeb txog kev tau txais sunburnt. Txawm hais tias tom qab muaj mob melanoma, hom mob cancer ntawm daim tawv nqaij ntau tshaj plaws, ib txoj kev tshawb nrhiav pom tias tus txiv neej tsis tshua coj los tiv thaiv kev tiv thaiv tshav ntuj kom tsis txhob mob cancer rau yav tom ntej.

Tus txiv neej puas tau mob nqaij tawv?

Txawm hais tias ntau tshaj tawm kev tshaj tawm rau hnub tshav qab zib thiab daim tawv nqaij kev sib tw rau cov poj niam, 50% ntawm cov neeg muaj mob qog nqaij hlav rau hauv cov txiv neej, ua rau nws yog tus thib tsib feem ntau mob cancer. Qhov tseeb, kev mob cancer ntawm daim tawv nqaij hauv cov txiv neej tau nce ntxiv, nce 55% nyob rau kaum xyoo dhau los piv rau 35% ntawm cov poj niam.

Txawm hais tias tus txiv neej zoo li raug kuaj mob qog noj ntshav, nws tuaj yeem cuam tshuam lawv tau ntau txoj hauv kev, piav qhia Dr Anjali Mahto, kws kho mob tawv nqaij, tus sau phau ntawv Skincare Bible thiab tus cev lus rau British tawv Foundation. “Cov chaw hauv lub cev tuaj yeem sib txawv heev. Rau cov txiv neej qhov chaw tshaj plaws rau tus mob melanoma, uas yog mob qog nqaij daim tawv uas peb tshwj xeeb txhawj xeeb, nyhav rau sab nraum qab, tab sis rau cov poj niam nws nyiam ua rau sab nraum qab ntawm ob txhais ceg. Yog li muaj qhov teeb meem uas cov khoom tuaj yeem sib txawv. “

Txawm hais tias tsis muaj pov thawj vim li cas rau qhov kev sib txawv no, nws yuav muaj kev sib txuas ntawm kev coj ua kev nyab xeeb hnub thiab qhov chaw ntawm melanomas. “Ib qho ntawm kev kwv yees yog qhov nws hais txog kev raug. Melanoma feem ntau cuam tshuam nrog kev cuam tshuam tab sis muaj lub hnub cuam tshuam nrog lub hnub hnyav.” Qhov no tuaj yeem yog thaum ib tus neeg uas tsis tshua tau ziab mus ntau dua hnub so rau qhov chaw tshav ntuj thiab hnub ci nrog tshav ntuj. “Hais mav yuav mus yam tsis muaj dab tsi lossis hais txog qhov ntawd thiab qhov ntawd yuav yog vim li cas tus nraub qaum feem ntau cuam tshuam.”

Raws li Kev Tshawb Fawb Cancer UK, cov txiv neej hauv tebchaws Askiv yog tus txiav txim siab feem ntau dua cov poj niam tuag los ntawm daim tawv nqaij mob cancer. 59% ntawm tag nrho cov kab mob cancer ntawm daim tawv nqaij tuag hauv tebchaws Askiv muaj txiv neej thiab 41% hauv poj niam. Cov kws tshawb nrhiav ntseeg tias qhov no yuav yog vim qhov sib txawv ntawm cov txiv neej thiab poj niam daim tawv nqaij suav nrog cov txiv neej muaj cov tawv nqaij uas muaj cov tawv nqaij tsawg dua hauv qab, thiab cov tawv nqaij muaj ntau dua collagen thiab elastin uas ua kom tawv nqaij tawv thiab nruj.

Georgina Hill, tus tub ceev xwm saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv ntawm Cancer Research UK, tau piav qhia tias qhov tsis muaj kev paub zoo kuj tuaj yeem cuam tshuam txog qib uas peb ntes tau qog nqaij hlav cancer. “Nws muaj ntau yam uas tuaj yeem txhais tau tias tus txiv neej muaj feem ntau yuav tuag los ntawm mob qog nqaij daim tawv, xws li raug kuaj mob tom qab ib theem ntxiv,”

Tab sis cov pej xeem ntawm cov pej xeem thiab cov kev xav kom zoo nkauj rau cov tawv nqaij tawv kuj yuav raug liam rau cov neeg mob qog nqaij hlav tawv nqaij ntau ntxiv, thiab yog li cov neeg tuag coob dua, raws li Hill.

“Ntau tus neeg tau nqis tes thaum pom kev hloov pauv rau lawv cov tawv nqaij thiab qhov tseeb hais tias tib neeg tau nyob ntev dua – cov kabmob kheesxaws muaj ntau dua li peb tau laus dua – tseem tuaj yeem piav qhia txog cov neeg nce ntxiv. tej zaum yuav tso lawv tus kheej txoj kev pheej hmoo los ntawm kev taug kev ziab. “

Patient.info Saib tag nrho

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Kuv puas yuav tsum hnav tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub?

“Tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub yog ib feem ntawm koj tus cwj pwm xav noj hnub kom zoo,” Mahto hais. “Cov tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub, nrog rau lub kaus mom, looj tsom iav dub, tiv thaiv khaub ncaws, nyob hauv qhov chaw ntxoov ntxoo, zaum hauv qab ib lub kaus – txhua yam ntawd yuav txo koj qhov kev pheej hmoo ntawm tshav kub.”

Yog li ntawd vim li cas tshav ntuj kub tuaj rau koj? “Yog tias koj muaj ntau daim sunburns, uas yog kev puas tsuaj ncaj qha rau DNA hauv koj cov tawv nqaij thiab nws tuaj yeem txhawb kev mob qog nqaij daim tawv. Yog li hnav SPF los ntawm kev kho mob yog los txo qhov kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev tsim mob qog nqaij daim tawv ntxiv lawm.”

Qee tus neeg tshem tawm lossis tsis quav ntsej lawv tus kheej muaj feem yuav mob qog nqaij daim tawv, tshwj xeeb yog tias tshav ntuj tuaj sab hauv tuaj ziab. Tab sis tshav ntuj cuam tshuam koj cov tawv nqaij ntawm ntau txoj kev tshaj li ib qho, hais ntawm Mahto.

“Yog tias koj tsis tuaj yeem rov hais dua rau cov tib neeg los ntawm kev saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv ces koj tuaj yeem rov hais dua los ntawm qhov tsis pom kev. Pom li 80-90% ntawm cov cim uas peb cuam tshuam nrog kev laus tawv nqaij – kab, ua pob, ua pob, muaj xim, sagging – tshwm sim vim tias lub hnub. Yog li yog koj coj lub hnub thiab koj hnav nws tsis tu ncua, koj mus qeeb ntawm kev laus laus ntawm daim tawv nqaij kom zoo.

“Hais txog kev tiv thaiv koj tus kheej, pob ziab tshav ntuj thiab txaus siab rau lub hnub kom muaj kev nyab xeeb los ntawm kev nrhiav chaw ntxoov ntxoo, npog nrog cov khaub ncaws thiab ua ntu zus tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub rau qee qhov chaw uas tsis tau npog tag,” Hill hais.

Paub txog kev mob qog nqaij daim tawv thiab nws cov phiajcim thiab cov tsos mob kuj tuaj yeem pab tiv thaiv tom qab kuaj zoo li.

“Ua kom paub tias koj cov tawv nqaij ib txwm zoo li cas thiab mloog zoo li tseem ceeb rau txhua tus, thiab tuaj yeem pab koj pom tawv nqaij tawv thaum ntxov, thaum kho tau zoo dua yuav ua haujlwm. Tej yam xws li nqaij lossis tawv nqaij uas zoo li txawv txawv lossis yuav ploj mus. yuav yog qhov tsos mob – thiab txawm hais tias nws tsis yog mob cancer, nws zoo tshaj kom tau txais kev hloov pauv txhua yam. “

Vim li cas cov txiv neej tsis siv cov tshuaj tiv thaiv tshav ntuj?

Mahto piav qhia tias “Kev kawm rau pej xeem yog ib txwm ua loj heev.” Nws txhawj xeeb tias txiv neej tsis tau yaum kom tiv thaiv lawv cov tawv nqaij tiv tshav tiv thaiv thiab tsis raug ceeb toom txog kev phom sij ntawm hnub los muaj ntau npaum li poj niam.

“Nws tau lees paub tias txiv neej tseem muaj feem yuav mob qog nqaij hlav cancer. Ua kom muaj xov xwm ntau ntxiv nyob rau hauv cov txiv neej nias. zoo kawg yog cov txiv neej cov ntawv xov xwm pib ua tej yam zoo sib xws li. “

Muaj ntau yam teeb meem uas ua rau txiv neej tsis tshua siv tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub, raws li Mahto. Feem ntau, nws tsuas yog teeb meem uas tsis siv los suav nrog kev tu tawv nqaij, thiab tshwj xeeb tiv thaiv tshav ntuj, hauv lawv cov haujlwm txhua hnub.

“Kuv xav tias cov poj niam siv ntau dua los siv cov khoom siv tawv nqaij. Peb yuav luag tsis muaj hnub nyoog txaus uas peb yuav tsum tau siv lawv; cov txiv neej tsuas yog tsis. Sim kom cov txiv neej siv tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub feem ntau yuav yog qhov nyuaj, “nws hais. “Qee tus txiv neej yuav pib zoo dua thaum siv tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub tom qab lawv muaj menyuam thiab siv lawv cov menyuam cov tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub thaum thov rau lawv.”

Hauv qee kis, lub koom haum ntawm kev saib xyuas tawv nqaij nrog tshuaj pleev ib ce thiab poj niam sib tsoo nrog cov tswv yim ntawm masculinity.

“Muaj ib pawg txiv neej uas tseem muaj lub tswv yim no tias ‘Kuv tsis tas yuav tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub’, tias kuv yog tus txiv neej txaus uas nws tsis yog qee yam uas kuv yuav tsum muaj kev txhawj xeeb,” hais tias Mahto. Tsis tas yuav hais, mas tib leeg nkaus xwb tsis yog qhov zoo li lub hnub ci ntsa iab. Txawm li cas los xij, nws tsis tseem ceeb tias kev siv li niaj zaus ntawm SPF yog txuam nrog cov poj niam tsis yog tus txiv neej, vim tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub thiab kev tu tawv nqaij zoo li cov poj niam thiab menyuam yaus thiab tsom mus tiv thaiv ‘muag heev’ tawv nqaij.

Coob tus txiv neej nkag siab sib cav tias lawv tsis hnav tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub vim tias lawv tsis nyiam txoj kev xav ntawm lawv cov tawv nqaij.

“Vim tias cov txiv neej nyiam plaub hau me ntsis, feem ntau cov tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub yuav hnov ​​zoo me ntsis thiab nws tuaj yeem ntes tau rau hauv cov plaub hau. Yog li feem ntau cov neeg tsis nyiam txhuam nws hauv lawv cov plaub hau, hauv siab lossis plaub hau rov qab.” Yooj yim muab, ntau tus txiv neej muaj kev xav tau sib txawv ntawm cov tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub ntau dua li poj niam.

Txhawm rau ua kom siv SPF zoo dua thiab yog li ua rau lawv muaj kev tiv thaiv lawv cov tawv nqaij tiv tshav ntuj ntxiv, lub hnub nyoog txiv neej yuav tsum tau nrhiav cov tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub uas lawv nyiam thiab tsis mloog lub siab ntawm lawv cov tawv nqaij.

“Nws yog hais txog kev sim me ntsis thiab kev ua yuam kev rau cov txivneej yuav sim ua ob peb yam tawm. Ntau tus txiv neej feem ntau nyiam tshuaj txau tsis zoo dua li cov tshuaj pleev vim tias lawv mus tau yooj yim dua yog li nws tseem hais txog kev nrhiav cov ntawv lossis cov qauv uas haum rau koj. Zoo dua. Qhov ntawd yuav los nrog sim me ntsis thiab yuam kev tsis yog nyiag koj tus khub lossis cov tshuaj pleev thaiv hnub cov menyuam yaus. Tsuas mus thiab saib dab tsi muaj. “

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