Vim li cas koj yuav tsum tsis txhob hla koj txoj kev kuaj smear


Vim li cas koj yuav tsum tsis txhob hla koj kev kuaj mob smear

Tej zaum nws yuav tsis muaj kev lom zem – tab sis yog tias nws tsis tsim nyog, NHS yuav tsis pom zoo nws. Tsis tau txhua xyoo kuv tau txais ntau pua ntawv ceeb toom ntawm ‘DNAs’ – Tsis Koom Tes.

Kev kuaj mob ncauj tsev menyuam (mus txog rau lub tsev me nyuam ntxhw) yog ib qho tseem ceeb heev los txo koj txoj kev pheej hmoo yuav mob kheesxaws ncauj tsev menyuam (caj dab ntawm lub tsev menyuam). Lub Tebchaws Askiv yog tus thawj coj hauv ntiaj teb hauv kev kuaj mob ncauj tsev menyuam, thiab nws qhia tau. Muab nws tso rau hauv kev pom: nyob rau hauv kaum xyoo tom qab lub teb chaws txoj haujlwm rau kev kuaj mob ncauj tsev menyuam tau qhia hauv tebchaws Askiv xyoo 1988, tus naj npawb ntawm cov poj niam uas tau mob kheesxaws ncauj tsev menyuam poob los ntawm qhov pom tau tias zoo kawg nkaus 42%. Thiab txij li thaum ntxov xyoo 1990, qhov xwm txheej no tau poob qis dua 24% ntxiv.

Yog tias tsis muaj kev kuaj mob, mob khees xaws ncauj tsev menyuam yog tus tua neeg. Tab sis thaum koj laus zuj zus lawm, koj txoj kev pheej hmoo tsawg zuj zus, thiab thaum hnub nyoog 65 xyoos, koj yuav tsis tau kuaj kev pleev xim ntxiv lawm. Leej twg hais tias laus lawm yog tag nrho cov xov xwm tsis zoo?

Dab tsi ua rau mob ncauj tsev menyuam?

Qhov zoo tshaj txhua cov mob khees-xaws tsev menyuam yog tshwm sim los ntawm kev kis mob los ntawm tus kabmob hu ua HPV. Muaj ob peb yam sib txawv, tab sis tsuas muaj qee qhov sib txuas nrog cov kabmob. HPV nws nquag pom tias kev kis tus mob yog kev kis tau zoo dua li daim phiajcim koj tau tshaj tawm. Lub sij hawm tseem ceeb uas yuav tsum tau nthuav tawm yog hauv koj lub hnub nyoog lig lossis thaum 20s.

Feem ntau ntawm cov pojniam lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob mus tua tau tus kabmob sib kis nyob rau ob hlis. Tab sis qee qhov, nws nyob rau hauv lub cev, thiab tuaj yeem ua rau mob qog nqaij hlav ntau xyoo tom qab. Peak xwm txheej rau kev kuaj mob yog nyob hauv 25- txog rau 29-xyooCov. Tab sis qee tus poj niam nrhiav tau kev hlub zaum ob nyob ib puag ncig tom qab ntau xyoo ntawm monogamy, thiab lub sijhawm nws yuav siv rau HPV coj mus rau kev hloov pauv mob qog yuav txawv heev. Yog li nws tseem yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom mus txuas ntxiv rau koj cov ncauj tsev menyuam thaum raug caw, txawm tias koj tau muaj tus khub qub rau xyoo.

Patient.info Saib tag nrho

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Tshuaj tiv thaiv mob HPV

Qhov ua tau zoo pov thawj txuas ntawm HPV thiab mob ncauj tsev menyuam yog vim li cas txij xyoo 2008, tag nrho cov ntxhais 12-xyoo nyob rau hauv tebchaws Askiv tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob tiv thaiv ntau yam kab mob uas muaj feem yuav kis mob HPV. Cov ntaub ntawv pov thawj yog qhov ua tau zoo tshaj plaws yog tias nws muab rau lub hnub nyoog no, ua ntej koj sib deev. Nws tsis muaj txiaj ntsig 100%, thiab nws yuav siv sijhawm li ob peb xyoos ntxiv ua ntej txhua qhov txiaj ntsig tau pom. Cov poj niam feem ntau tau kuaj tus mob nyob rau hauv lawv 30s lossis thaum ntxov 40s, thiab nws tsis tshua muaj nyob rau hauv 25. Peb tseem yuav xav tau txoj kev pleev xim rau lub tsev menyuam – tab sis cia siab tias muaj pes tsawg tus poj niam muaj qhov tsis hnov ​​tsw (tam sim no kwv yees li 1 hauv 20) yuav pib poob qis.

Lub rooj kuaj xyuas tshwj xeeb

Cov kev kuaj mob feem ntau – rau cov ntshav siab, mob cancer mis, tsa cov roj (cholesterol), thiab lwm yam – txhawm rau khaws cov teeb meem ua ntej nws ua rau muaj teeb meem. Kev kuaj mob cancer mis ntawm lub teb chaws thiab FOB mus kuaj mob qog nqaij hlav hauv plab yog ob qho tib si tsim los khaws cov qog nqaij hlav thaum ntxov uas muaj txoj hauv kev zoo los kho tau.

Tab sis kev ntsuam xyuas ncauj tsev menyuam mus ib qho zoo dua. Cov qog nyob rau saum npoo ntawm lub ncauj tsev menyuam – qee qhov raug tshem tawm thiab kuaj thaum lub sij hawm ncauj tsev menyuam mob – mus txog ntau yam kev hloov pauv thaum ntxov ua ntej lawv yuav mob qog nqaij hlav. Cov kev hloov ua ntej mob qog nqaij hlav tuaj yeem tuaj yeem khaws cov ncauj tsev menyuam thiab kho kom paub meej tias lawv yuav tsis ua rau mob qog nqaij hlav. Txawm tias zoo dua, txhua yam kev kuaj mob hauv tsev menyuam hauv Tebchaws Askiv raug kuaj tam sim no rau cov pov thawj ntawm qhov muaj feem yuav mob HPV. Qhov no txhais tau tias cov poj niam uas tsis muaj ntaub ntawv pov thawj muaj feem kis mob siab HPV tuaj yeem tso siab dua ntxiv, txawm tias lawv qhov kev tshuaj pleev me me qhia tias muaj mob me me. Thiab cov poj niam uas muaj kev pheej hmoo mob HPV tuaj yeem tsom mus rau kev soj ntsuam kom zoo, txawm tias cov hlwb los ntawm lawv qhov kev kuaj mob smear tsis zoo.

Txhua tus pojniam hauv tebchaws Askiv tau raug caw tuaj yeem niaj hnub hnoos rau txhua txhua peb lub xyoos txij li hnub nyoog 25-49, thiab txhua tsib xyoos los ntawm 50-64. Cov hnub nyoog ntau dua 65 xyoos tsis tas yuav kuaj yog tias lawv tsis tau kuaj txij li thaum lawv muaj 50 xyoo, lossis tsis ntev los no muaj qhov tshwm sim txawv txav. Qhov laj thawj tsis tshua tshuaj ntsuam xyuas tom qab 50 yog tias tsis zoo li feem ntau cov kev mob, uas muaj tus cwj pwm txaus ntshai ntawm kev muaj feem ntau nrog lub hnub nyoog, koj qhov kev pheej hmoo ntawm mob cancer ntawm lub tsev me nyuam yuav poob nrog lub hnub nyoog.

Kev ntsuam xyuas lub tsev menyuam tau yog ib zaj dab neeg zoo dhau los hauv UK. Tu siab ntau, txawm li cas los xij, tsis muaj chaw nyob txaus siab ntxiv. Nws tej zaum tsis muaj qhov sib xws tias qhov feem ntawm cov hluas (qis dua 50) cov poj niam tau txais lawv qhov kev caw pib pib nce ntxiv tom qab Jade Goody qhov kev kuaj mob hauv xyoo 2008, thiab nyob li ntawm 74% txog xyoo 2012. Cov qib tau poob qis txij thaum ntawd, thiab xyoo 2016 nkaus xwb 71.3% ntawm cov poj niam tau kuaj. Hnub nyoog tshaj 50 xyoo yeej ib txwm zoo dua tuaj koom rau kev kuaj mob, tab sis cov nqi tau poob rau ib xyoo kaum. Niaj hnub no 1 ntawm 4 tus pojniam muaj hnub nyoog tshaj 50 xyoos tsis coj nws txoj kev caw.

Txawm li cas los xij kev kuaj mob ncauj tsev menyuam tuaj yeem tiv thaiv ntau yam mob khees xaws ncauj tsev menyuam, thiab kwv yees ntau ntau ntxiv thiaj yuav ua tau pov tseg. Lawv tau dawb, thiab tus nqi them tsuas yog koj 10 feeb ntawm koj lub sijhawm.

Paub cov paib ceeb toom

Cov ncauj tsev menyuam tsis yog cov lus teb. Feem ntau ntawm cov mob khees xaws ncauj tsev menyuam pib tuaj qeeb thiab tuaj yeem txais thaum kuaj. Tab sis qee qhov txhoj puab heev thiab tuaj yeem tshwm sim ntawm kev sib tsoo. Cov ncauj lus ntxau ncauj tsev menyuam kuj tseem tsis raug 100%, txawm hais tias pauv hloov tam sim no mus kuaj HPV kev soj ntsuam tau pab heev. Yog li yog tias koj los ntshav los ntawm kev coj khaub ncaws, tom qab koj ua kev hlub lossis tom qab lub hnub poob, mob thaum koj ua rau kev hlub lossis qhov tsis hnov ​​tsw tsw zoo, koj yuav tsum tau kuaj tas li.

Yog koj paub hais tias koj muaj mob kheesxaws ncauj tsev menyuam, kev kho mob yog nyob ntawm nws paub ntau npaum li cas. 8-9 ntawm 10 tus poj niam tuaj yeem kho yog tias kev mob qog noj ntshav ua ntej nws kis. Txawm li cas los xij, txawm li cas los xij, kev cia siab tshiab tseem nyob hauv kev mob qog ntshav siab. Kev tshawb nrhiav tshiab nrog cov tshuaj hu ua nivolumab, uas yog lub hom phiaj tiv thaiv kab mob hauv lub cev, pom tias 1 ntawm 4 tus poj niam uas muaj mob qog nqaij hlav siab heev tau teb rau kev kho mob. Hnub Thaum Ntxov, tab sis xov xwm zoo siab heev.

Ua Tsaug rau Kuv Lub Limtiam qhov twg daim no luam tawm thawj zaug

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