Koj daim yuaj daim tawv nqaij hlav tseem ceeb


Koj daim yuaj daim tawv nqaij hlav tseem ceeb

Kab mob khees-xaws hauv daim tawv nqaij tau muab faib ua ob pawg, mob nqaij melanoma thiab mob qog nqaij hlav melanoma. Melanoma yog li 20 zaus tsawg dua li tsis mob melanoma, tab sis deb dua hnyav. Yog vim nws yeej muaj ntau kis mus rau lwm qhov ntawm lub cev.

Ob hom mob uas tsis yog-mob melanoma yog mob khees-xaws cell thiab zais hlwb dawb. Lawv cuam tshuam ntau dua 60,000 cov neeg nyob hauv UK txhua xyoo. Qhov tseeb, thaum nws tsis tau txais kev tshaj tawm tib yam li lwm cov mob qog nqaij hlav cancer xws li mob cancer ntawm lub mis thiab prostate, mob nqaij hlav hauv hlwb yog qhov feem ntau kuaj mob cancer hauv tebchaws Askiv.

Melanoma tsis tshua muaj tshwm sim – kwv yees li ib los rau ob tus neeg nyob hauv txhua 10,000 yog kuaj tau nws txhua xyoo hauv UK – uas yog kwv yees li 9,000 tus neeg hauv ib xyoos. Thaum nws cuam tshuam rau cov hluas, nws twv yuav raug ntau dua qub nrog lub hnub nyoog – txog ib nrab ntawm cov neeg kuaj mob muaj hnub nyoog tshaj 65 xyoos.

Melanomas malignant tshwm sim feem ntau rau poj niam ob txhais ceg – tab sis lawv tuaj yeem txhim kho ntawm txhua qhov ntawm koj cov tawv nqaij. Ntawm qhov tsis sib xws, txiv neej feem ntau yuav mob melanomas nyob tom qab lossis hauv siab. Tab sis lawv tuaj yeem tshwm sim nyob txhua qhov chaw, yog li muaj qee yam tshiab lossis hloov pwm nrog cov paib ceeb toom hauv qab no kos tawm.

Leej twg yog tus muaj feem pheej hmoo?

Melanoma yog ib qho kev kawm nyob ze rau kuv lub siab, vim tias hmoov tsis kuv zuam txhua lub thawv vim yog qhov pheej hmoo siab rau kev tsim nws. Kuv muaj plaub hau liab (qee qhov blondes muaj qhov txaus ntshai heev), quav hnav thiab cov tawv nqaij daj me me uas tsuas yog saib ntawm tshav hnub ci hloov liab.

Dab tsi ntxiv, Kuv muaj ob peb ntu kev raug tshav ntuj ntau yam nyob rau hauv menyuam yaus, thaum lub hnub siab tshaj plaws tiv thaiv kev tiv thaiv tshav ntuj (SPF) hauv cov tshuaj pleev tshav ntuj uas muaj yog qhov tseem ceeb 12. Cov menyuam yaus tawv nqaij tshwj xeeb tshaj yog, thiab melanoma tuaj yeem tsim kho ntau xyoo tom qab mob tshwm sim ntawm tshav ntuj thaum yau. Kev tshav ntuj ntau zaus los yog tshav ntuj ntau hauv cov menyuam yaus ua rau koj muaj feem ntau txaus ntshai rau lub neej.

Koj qhov kev pheej hmoo ntawm tsis-melanoma tawv nqaij tawv ntau nyob ntawm koj lub neej tshav raug. Ntau yam uas tsis cuam tshuam txog lub hnub, suav nrog tsev neeg keeb kwm, kev haus cawv, haus luam yeeb thiab noj tshuaj uas ua rau koj lub cev tiv thaiv kab mob, txhua tus tuaj yeem ua rau koj muaj kev pheej hmoo ntxiv.

Ntawm qhov tsis sib xws, Melanomas, zoo li muaj feem cuam tshuam ntau npaum li cas koj tau hlawv. Txhua yam xim ntawm koj cov tawv nqaij yog koj lub cev tawm tsam hnub tiv thaiv tshav, tab sis kev tshav kub yog qhov muaj kev pheej hmoo tshwj xeeb. Cov neeg uas muaj daim tawv nqaij tsaus ntuj nti muaj qib siab dua ntawm melanin hauv daim tawv nqaij, uas tiv thaiv ob qho tib si ntawm kev kub nyhiab thiab melanoma.

Tab sis kev tiv thaiv tshav ntuj tsis yog kev phom sij xwb. Koj muaj feem ntau yuav muaj mob melanoma yog tias lwm tus neeg hauv koj tsev neeg muaj tus mob no. Ntawm chav kawm, qhov no tuaj yeem piav qhia ib nrab los ntawm kev pub cov tawv nqaij daj thiab quav hnav, tab sis nws zoo li muaj lwm caj txuas ntxiv. Kwv yees li ntawm ib ntawm 10 tus neeg uas mob melanoma muaj ib tug txheeb ze uas muaj nws.

Patient.info Saib tag nrho

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Pom cov tsis muaj mob nqaij daim tawv nqaij mob melanoma

Tawv taub hau thiab ntsej muag yog qhov chaw sib tham rau cov tawv nqaij tsis mob melanoma, tab sis zoo li melanomas, tuaj yeem tshwm sim txhua qhov chaw.

Cov hlav qog nqaij hlav qog nqaij hlav feem ntau pib ua paj yeeb lossis thaj tsam npog los ntawm daim tawv nqaij los yog nplai. Thaum lawv nce zuj zus, lawv tuaj yeem dhau los ua qhov tsis sib tw thiab sawv (me ntsis zoo li wart) thiab muaj peev xwm zawv plab. Qhov saum npoo yog qhov muag heev thiab tuaj yeem los ntshav yooj yim.

Mob kheesxaws cell pib feem ntau pib nrog qog uas tuaj yeem yog pearly, paj yeeb lossis liab. Ib yam li qog nqaij hlav qog nqaij hlav cancer, nqaij hlav cell hauv tsev tuaj yeem ua rau tawv nqaij lossis los ntshav, tab sis qhov no feem ntau siv sijhawm ntau vim lawv nyiam qeeb qeeb. Raws li txoj cai, lawv tsis mob los yog kev mos.

Paub koj ABCDE

Tus yuam sij rau pom ntshav liab qab thaum ntxov yog paub koj cov tsiaj ntawv – lossis tsawg kawg koj ABCDE. Feem ntau melanomas tsis txhim kho nyob rau hauv ib cov mole uas twb muaj lawm, tab sis tsis saib rau cov kev hloov no hauv cov mole uas twb muaj lawm, nrog rau ib hom tshiab uas tshwm:

Asymmetry – cov moles feem ntau yog ncig lossis oval, thaum melanomas feem ntau muaj cov duab tsis xwm yeem.
Ciam teb – saib cov npoo tsis xwm yeem, lossis qhov muag plooj ntawm tus ciam teb yog li koj tuaj yeem tsis pom qhov twg lub suab xaus thiab daim tawv pib.
Xim – ntau xim (xim av thiab xim dub) ntau dua li ib xim.
Txoj kab uas hla – thoob 6 hli hla.
Kev Evolution – hloov mentsis sai.

Koj yuav tsum ua tib zoo saib xim liab thiab khaus, ua paug, khaus, hloov pauv ntawm daim tawv nqaij, los ntshav lossis tawm mus.

Pov thaiv koj tus kheej

Txawm hais tias koj tau raug tshav kub raws li menyuam yaus lossis muaj tawv nqaij daj, tsis muaj tawv nqaij, nws yeej tsis tau dhau sijhawm los tiv thaiv koj tus kheej los ntawm daim tawv nqaij tawv. Thaum koj xav tau qee lub hnub ci txhawm rau tso koj cov vitamin D ntau ntau, koj yuav tsum tsis txhob kub dhau (thiab tob tob). Qhov no suav nrog sunbeds, uas tawm UV teeb.

Npog nrog lub dav-brimmed lub kaus mom thiab lub tsho (xav txog lub tsho ntev) hauv lub hnub ci ci yog qhov yuav tsum muaj. Kev puas tsuaj hnub tuaj yeem cuam tshuam rau koj lub qhov muag thiab koj tuaj yeem muaj mob melanoma hauv lawv – looj tsom iav dub yuav tsis yog rau kev zam. Nyob sab hauv thaum lub hnub yog qhov khov tshaj ntawm 11 teev sawv ntxov thiab 3 teev tsaus ntuj. Thiab thov kev tiv thaiv tshav tiv thaiv qhov muaj txiaj ntsig (qhov tsawg kawg yog qhov zoo tshaj 15, lossis yam 30 yog tias koj ua xim daj lossis tso quav).

Xyaum ‘plam, khaus, npuaj’ – plhws ntawm lub tsho, nplua rau ntawm hnub ci tsis tu ncua thiab npuaj ntawm ib lub kaus mom.Hauv lub ntsej muag daj thiab ntxim nyiam – nws yog qhov muaj kev noj qab haus huv dua!

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